PRINCIPLES OF DESIGN

Sherlyn A
Mind Map by Sherlyn A, updated more than 1 year ago
Sherlyn A
Created by Sherlyn A over 4 years ago
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Description

Describe the ways that artists use the elements of art in a work of art.

Resource summary

PRINCIPLES OF DESIGN
  1. Principle of Balance
    1. symmetrical/ formal balance

      Annotations:

      • -equal "weight" on equal sides of a centrally placed fulcrum -weight of composition is equally distributed -identical forms on both sides of the axis
      1. bilateral symmetry

        Annotations:

        • -elements are arrange equally on both sides
        1. approximately symmetrical

          Annotations:

          • -equivalent but not identical
          1. radial symmetry

            Annotations:

            • -arranging elements equally around central point
          2. asymmetrical balance
            1. color

              Annotations:

              • -vibrant colors against neutral colors
              1. value

                Annotations:

                • black vs. white or contrast
                1. shape

                  Annotations:

                  • -flat vs. irregular shapes
                  1. position

                    Annotations:

                    • -larger weight (closer) vs. lighter weight (farther)
                    1. texture

                      Annotations:

                      • -smooth vs rough -soft vs. hard
                      1. eye direction

                        Annotations:

                        • -by used of edges, shapes, groups
                    2. Principle of Proportion

                      Annotations:

                      • -relative size and scale of the various elements in a design
                      1. deals with the size relationship of one part to another
                        1. bad proportion vs. good proportion
                          1. Ex. Vitruvian Man by Leonardo da Vinci
                            1. a.k.a Law of Relationship
                              1. Perfect Proportion: The Golden Ratio, the Golden Mean, or Fibonacci's Spiral

                                Annotations:

                                • Parthenon
                              2. Rule of Thirds

                                Annotations:

                                • -imagine breaking an image down into thirds (horizaontally & vertically) so that you have 9 parts.
                                1. subject placed on one of the intersecting points
                                  1. natural point of focus
                                  2. Principle of Unity
                                    1. similiarity

                                      Annotations:

                                      • -repetition
                                      1. continuity

                                        Annotations:

                                        • -family resemblances
                                        1. alignment

                                          Annotations:

                                          • arranging shapes
                                          1. proximity

                                            Annotations:

                                            • -cohesive group
                                          2. Principle of Contrast
                                            1. achieved by creating differences in:
                                              1. shape
                                                1. color
                                                  1. texture
                                                    1. direction
                                                      1. movement
                                                        1. size
                                                          1. value
                                                            1. type
                                                              1. alignment
                                                            2. Principle of Emphasis

                                                              Annotations:

                                                              • -provides focal point for the piece
                                                              1. a.k.a. dominance
                                                              2. Principle of Rhythm

                                                                Annotations:

                                                                • -repetition or alternation of elements
                                                                1. sense of movement
                                                                  1. establish pattern and texture
                                                                    1. kinds:
                                                                      1. regular

                                                                        Annotations:

                                                                        • -intervals bet. elements,  -similar in size or length
                                                                        1. flowing

                                                                          Annotations:

                                                                          • -give sense of movement
                                                                          1. progressive

                                                                            Annotations:

                                                                            • -shows sequence of forms
                                                                            1. repetition

                                                                              Annotations:

                                                                              • -patterning -visual "beat"
                                                                              1. alternation

                                                                                Annotations:

                                                                                • -sequence of repeating motifs are presented in turn (short/long; fat/thin; round/square; dark/light)
                                                                                1. gradation

                                                                                  Annotations:

                                                                                  • patterned thru regular progression of steps
                                                                              2. Principle of Harmony
                                                                                1. composition with similar units
                                                                                  1. used similar elements
                                                                                  2. Principle of Variety
                                                                                    1. to change the character
                                                                                      1. complement to unity
                                                                                        1. needed to create visual interest
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