Unit 1 - BTEC Sport

Rich Lavery
Mind Map by Rich Lavery, updated more than 1 year ago
Rich Lavery
Created by Rich Lavery about 4 years ago
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Unit 1 BTEC Sport - Includes Matty's flash cards and mindmap.

Resource summary

Unit 1 - BTEC Sport
  1. 5 Components of Skill Related Fitness
    1. Agility
      1. Ability to quickly change direction without losing balance or time
      2. Balance
        1. Dynamic Balance - In Motion Static Balance - When Stationary
        2. Coordination
          1. Ability to use parts of the body quickly and accurately
          2. Power
            1. Ability to use strength at speed
            2. Reaction Time
              1. The time it takes to react and adapt
            3. 6 Components of Physical Fitness
              1. Aerobic Endurance
                1. The ability of the CARDIORESPIRATORY SYSTEM to work efficiently, supplying NUTRIENTS and OXYGEN to the working muscles.
                  1. AEROBIC = In the presence of OXYGEN
                  2. Muscular Endurance
                    1. The ability of the muscular system to work efficiently.
                      1. DIFFERENT to Muscular Strength
                        1. ENDURANCE = Working the muscles for a long time without getting tired
                          1. STRENGTH = Working for short times against high levels of resistance.
                          2. Flexibility
                            1. Having an adequate range of motions in all joints of the body
                              1. Types of Stretching
                                1. Ballistic
                                  1. Passive
                                    1. Proprioceptive Neuromuscular Facilitation (PNF)
                                  2. Speed Endurance
                                    1. Ability to maintain speed
                                      1. Distance Travelled / Time Taken = Speed (m/s)
                                    2. Muscular Strength
                                      1. The maximum force measured kilograms or newtons that can be generated by a muscle or a group of muscles
                                        1. DIFFERENT to Muscular Endurance or Power
                                      2. SKINFOLD TEST
                                        1. Males
                                          1. Chest - Diagonal Fold
                                            1. Abdominal - Vertical Fold
                                              1. Thigh - Vertical Fold
                                              2. Females
                                                1. Tricep - Vertical Fold
                                                  1. Suprailiac (Just above hip) - Diagonal Fold
                                                    1. Thigh - Vertical Fold
                                                  2. Max Heart Rate
                                                    1. 220 - Age
                                                    2. Body Mass Index
                                                      1. Weight (kg) / Height (m)2
                                                      2. Strength Training
                                                        1. Max: 6 reps = 90%
                                                          1. Elastic: 12 reps = 75%
                                                            1. Endurance: 20 reps = 50-60%
                                                        2. Body Scale
                                                          1. Also known as RPE.
                                                            1. It's a scale that goes from 6-20
                                                              1. Multiply number by 10 to get heart rate.
                                                              2. Plyometrics
                                                                1. Develops Power
                                                                  1. Explosive Jumps/Bounds/Hops
                                                                    1. Disadvantage - Risk of injury Advantage - Good for Basket Ball Players
                                                                2. Types of Speed
                                                                  1. Accelerative - Up to 30m
                                                                    1. Pure - Up to 60m
                                                                      1. Speed Endurance Sprints with Short recoveries
                                                                  2. PNF
                                                                    1. Performed with partner
                                                                      1. Muscle stretched to limit
                                                                        1. Push back against partner for 6-10 secs
                                                                          1. Relax muscle
                                                                            1. Partner helps to stretch even further
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