Spanish: Different tenses and AR, ER, IR endings

Joe Barry
Mind Map by , created over 2 years ago

Here is a collection of the different spanish tenses AND verb endings for each tense. With a couple of tips and examples for each. Hope this is useful :)

45
1
0
Joe Barry
Created by Joe Barry over 2 years ago
Spanish: Grammar 3.2
Selam H
Spanish Verbs
Niat Habtemariam
Spanish: Talking About Everyday Things
Niat Habtemariam
Spanish Vocab Flash Cards
Clarice Thorn
GCSE CHEMISTRY UNIT 2 STRUCTURE AND BONDING
ktmoo.poppypoo
French A2 Tenses
Louisa Wania
Past tense conjugations (Spanish)
naomi naff
Regular Verbs Spanish
Oliver Hall
Spanish Questions
Niat Habtemariam
Using GoConqr to learn Spanish
Sarah Egan
Spanish: Different tenses and AR, ER, IR endings
1 Present Tense
1.1 Regular Verb Endings
1.1.1 AR Verbs
1.1.1.1 Yo - o
1.1.1.2 Tu - as
1.1.1.3 El / Ella - a
1.1.1.4 Nosotros/as - amos
1.1.1.5 Vosotros/as - áis
1.1.1.6 Ellos/Ellas - an
1.1.1.7 Examples: Cant-o, Cant-as, Cant-a, Cant-amos, Cant-ais, Cant-an
1.1.2 ER Verbs
1.1.2.1 Yo - o
1.1.2.2 Tu - es
1.1.2.3 El/Ella - e
1.1.2.4 Nosotros/as - emos
1.1.2.5 Vosotros/as - éis
1.1.2.6 Ellos/ Ellas - en
1.1.2.7 Examples: Beb-o, Beb-es, Beb-e, Beb-emos, Beb-eis, Beb-en
1.1.3 TIPS: for ER and IR verbs - for regular endings - they both follow a similar pattern for all of the persons - EXCEPT NOSOTROS AND VOSOTROS
1.1.4 IR Verbs
1.1.4.1 Yo - o
1.1.4.2 Tu - es
1.1.4.3 El/Ella - e
1.1.4.4 Nosotros/as - imos
1.1.4.5 Vosotros/as - ís
1.1.4.6 Ellos/Ellas - en
1.1.4.7 Examples: Viv-o, Viv-es, Viv-e, Viv-imos, Viv-is, Viv-en
2 Past tenses
2.1 Preterite Tense
2.1.1 AR Endings
2.1.1.1 Yo - é
2.1.1.2 Tu - aste
2.1.1.3 El/Ella - ó
2.1.1.4 Nosotros/as - amos
2.1.1.5 Vosotros/as - asteis
2.1.1.6 ellos - aron
2.1.2 Irregular Preterite Forms
2.1.2.1 Ser (to be)
2.1.2.1.1 Yo - fui
2.1.2.1.2 Tu -Fuiste
2.1.2.1.3 El/Ella - fue
2.1.2.1.4 Nosotros/as - Fuimos
2.1.2.1.5 Vosotros/as - Fuisteis
2.1.2.1.6 Ellos /ellas - Fueron
2.1.2.1.7 These endings are also the same for ir (to Go)
2.1.2.2 TIP: The following irregular preterite forms are the some of the most common.
2.1.2.3 Dar ( to give)
2.1.2.3.1 Yo - di
2.1.2.3.2 Tu - diste
2.1.2.3.3 El/Ella - Dio
2.1.2.3.4 Nosotros - Dimos
2.1.2.3.5 Vosotros - disteis
2.1.2.3.6 Ellos/ellas -dieron
2.1.2.4 Ver (to see)
2.1.2.4.1 Yo - Vi
2.1.2.4.2 Tu - Viste
2.1.2.4.3 El/Ella - Vio
2.1.2.4.4 Nosotros - Vimos
2.1.2.4.5 Vosotros - Visteis
2.1.2.4.6 Ellos/Ellas - Vieron
2.1.2.4.7 Ver and Dar have similar conjugations! For example Visteis and Disteis (Vosotros)
2.1.3 ER and IR endings
2.1.3.1 Yo - í
2.1.3.2 Tu- iste
2.1.3.3 El/Ella - ió
2.1.3.4 Nosotros/as - imos
2.1.3.5 Vosotros/as - isteis
2.1.3.6 ellos - ieran
2.1.4 TIP: For the preterite tense ER and IR verbs have the same endings! all the way through. Unlike the present tense.
2.2 Imperfect Tense
2.2.1 AR Verbs
2.2.1.1 Yo - aba
2.2.1.2 Tu- abas
2.2.1.3 El/Ella - aba
2.2.1.4 Nosotros - ábamos
2.2.1.5 Vosotros - abais
2.2.1.6 Ellos/Ellas - aban
2.2.2 ER and IR Verbs
2.2.2.1 Yo - ía
2.2.2.2 Tu - ías
2.2.2.3 El/Ella - ía
2.2.2.4 Nosotros - íamos
2.2.2.5 Vosotros - íais
2.2.2.6 Ellos/Ellas - ían
2.2.3 TIP: For ER and IR verbs in the imperfect tense. These follow the same patten! But there is also an irregular imperfect tense aswell! Be warned these are not like the regular verb endings
2.2.4 Irregular imperfect
2.2.4.1 ir (to go)
2.2.4.1.1 Yo - iba
2.2.4.1.2 Tu - ibas
2.2.4.1.3 El/Ella - iba
2.2.4.1.4 Nosotros - íbamos
2.2.4.1.5 Vosotros - ibais
2.2.4.1.6 Ellos/Ellas - iban
2.2.4.2 ser (to be)
2.2.4.2.1 Yo - era
2.2.4.2.2 Tu - eras
2.2.4.2.3 El/Ella - era
2.2.4.2.4 Nosotros - éramos
2.2.4.2.5 Vosotros - erais
2.2.4.2.6 Ellos/Ellas - eran
2.2.4.3 Ver (to see)
2.2.4.3.1 Yo- Veía
2.2.4.3.2 Tu - Veías
2.2.4.3.3 El/Ella - Veía
2.2.4.3.4 Nosotros - Veíamos
2.2.4.3.5 Vosotros - Veíais
2.2.4.3.6 Ellos/Ellas - Veían
2.2.4.4 These Irregular infinitive's are also the same ones for the irregular preterite! Make sure you learn these important ones.
3 Future Tenses
3.1 Informal future tense
4 There are a lot more things in spanish (reflexive verbs, Stem changing verbs etc) that also fall into these categories!!

Media attachments