1.2 "Petty" petulant, he is belittling the argument of debate
1.3 suggesting that the
men were forced to
2.1 free verse
2.1.1 one stanza- mimics a rant or speech
2.2 Iambic pentameter
2.2.1 portrays rhythm of speech
2.2.2 rhythm of drums-
2.2.3 rhythm of Shakespeare-
kind of framing
3 "to please newspapers"
3.1 He is criticising the
of the war
3.1.1 Could perhaps be a response to the
likes of Jessie Pope and her poem
“Who’s for the Game?” and various
other jingoist writers of the time.
3.2 arguing for a quieter form of
patriotism which deals with the love
for the earth in which he was born.
3.3 "grow hot with love of English men"
3.3.1 that patriots have almost a
false love for their country, as
they only love England as to
please the newspapers, and
therefore have a blind loyalty
to England. The beginning of
the poem therefore has an
scornful, angry tone.
4 "banging a gong"
4.1 ambiguous, referring to the Kaiser
4.1.1 who is made to look ridiculous
22.214.171.124 idea is ludicrous- he is making a
lot of noise but not doing anything
126.96.36.199.1 He is being critical
5 "two witches cauldrons roar"
5.1 It is as though he is watching a storm
5.2 empathising the ferocity of the hatred
5.3 witches, magic and the supernatural =
all beyond our control- perhaps
suggests the war/ patriotism is irrational
5.3.1 he has unwilllingly
been dragged into
6 was written on 26th December 1915
6.1 written After an argument with his Father
6.1.2 accused of not
6.2 enlisted and so
joined the Artists
Rifles on July 1915.
6.2.1 Edward Thomas had been
serving in the army for just over
six months. he worked as a map