swelling in the leg

yasmin alkhatib
Mind Map by yasmin alkhatib, updated more than 1 year ago
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Medicine Mind Map on swelling in the leg, created by yasmin alkhatib on 03/26/2017.
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swelling in the leg
1 anatomy of the thigh
1.1 muscles
1.1.1
1.2 femur
1.2.1
1.2.2 ossification
1.2.2.1 proximal
1.2.2.1.1 shaft=7weeks in utero
1.2.2.1.2 femoral head=4-6months
1.2.2.1.3 greater trochanter=2-4 years
1.2.2.1.4 lesser trochanter=puberty
1.2.2.2 distal
1.2.2.2.1 3-6 months
1.3 knee joint
1.3.1 anatomy
1.3.1.1
1.3.2 physiology
1.3.2.1 flexion
1.3.2.2 extension
1.3.2.3 slight medial and lateral rotations
1.3.3 restriction in the knee joint
1.3.3.1 cartilage injuries and disorders
1.3.3.2 ligament injuries
1.3.3.3 tendon injuries and disorders
1.3.4 physical examination
1.3.4.1 special tests
1.3.4.1.1 apley's grinding test
1.3.4.1.2 McMurray's test
1.3.4.1.3 patellar apprehension test
1.3.4.2 stability tests
1.3.4.2.1 anterior& posterior drawer tests
1.3.4.2.2 apley's distraction test
1.3.4.2.3 collateral ligament stress test
1.4 popliteal region
1.4.1
1.5 femoral artery
1.5.1
2 causes of leg pain and swelling
2.1 bone tumors
2.1.1 types
2.1.1.1 primary
2.1.1.1.1 benign
2.1.1.1.2 malignant
2.1.1.2 secondary (metastatic)
2.1.1.2.1 route
2.1.1.2.1.1 hematogenous
2.1.1.3
2.1.2 osteosarcoma
2.1.2.1 most common in teens and children
2.1.2.1.1 Males>females
2.1.2.2 site
2.1.2.2.1 metaphysics of long bones
2.1.2.3 management
2.1.2.3.1 above knee amputation
2.1.2.3.1.1 complications
2.1.2.3.1.1.1 phantom limb pain
2.1.2.3.1.1.2 wound healing
2.1.2.3.1.1.3 infections
2.1.2.3.1.1.4 wound breakdown
2.1.2.3.1.2 prognosis
2.1.2.3.1.2.1 removes diseased tissue
2.1.2.3.1.2.2 prevents spread of cancer
2.1.2.3.1.2.3 physiotherapy is needed
2.1.2.3.1.3 psychological effect
2.1.2.3.1.3.1 grief and PTSD
2.1.2.3.2 limb saving surgery
2.1.2.3.2.1 prognosis
2.1.2.3.2.1.1 cancer could develop again
2.1.2.3.2.1.2 better quality of life
2.1.2.3.2.2 complications
2.1.2.3.2.2.1 infections
2.1.2.3.2.2.2 might need more surgery
2.1.2.3.2.2.3 using internal prosthesis in growing children
2.1.2.3.3 chemotherapy
2.1.2.3.3.1 cisplatin
2.1.2.3.3.1.1 acts like an alkylating agents
2.1.2.3.3.2 doxorubicin
2.1.2.3.3.2.1 anticancer antibiotic
2.1.2.3.3.3 methotrexate
2.1.2.3.3.3.1 folic acid analog
2.1.2.4 complications
2.1.2.4.1 anemia
2.1.2.4.2 hematogenous spread
2.1.2.4.2.1 lung
2.1.2.4.2.2 prostate
2.1.2.4.2.3 breast
2.1.2.4.2.4 brain
2.1.2.5 radiologically
2.1.2.5.1 neo-osteogenesis
2.1.2.5.1.1 in subperiosteal layer
2.1.2.5.1.1.1 codman's traingle
2.1.2.5.1.1.1.1
2.1.2.5.1.2 from the central mass
2.1.2.5.1.2.1 sun burst appearance
2.1.2.5.1.2.1.1
2.1.2.5.2 radioisotope
2.1.2.5.2.1 used to indicate abnormal conditions
2.1.2.5.2.2 radioactive traces which emit gamma rays from within the body
2.1.2.6 skip lesions
2.1.2.6.1 tumors nodules growing within the same area of the tumor
2.1.2.7 prognosis
2.1.2.7.1 dependes on
2.1.2.7.1.1 response to treatment
2.1.2.7.1.2 age and general health
2.1.2.7.1.3 location and size of tumor
2.1.3 investgations
2.1.3.1 WBC count
2.1.3.1.1 to rule out inflammation and infection
2.1.3.2 hemoglobin test
2.1.3.3 ESR
2.1.3.3.1 test for anemia caused by cancer
2.1.3.4 chest radiograph
2.1.3.4.1 to check for metastasis
2.1.3.5 CT
2.1.3.6 MRI
2.1.4 histopathology
2.1.4.1 biopsy
2.1.4.1.1 needle
2.1.4.1.2 open
2.1.4.2
2.1.5 causes
2.1.5.1 inherited gene changes
2.1.5.2 radiation therapy
2.1.5.3 paget's disease
2.2 thigh strain\ injury
2.3 boil
2.4 diabetic muscle infarction
2.5 superficial thrombophlebitis
3 taking consent
3.1 a legal requirement and important for the discussion and decision making during the provision of health care servises
3.2 in case of a minor
3.2.1 the consent is taken fro a substitute giver
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