Age of witness: Research

Mind Map by , created over 5 years ago

A-Levels Psychology A-Level AQA A (Unit 1 Memory) Mind Map on Age of witness: Research, created by moeingthelawn on 05/06/2014.

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Created by moeingthelawn over 5 years ago
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Age of witness: Research
1 CECI and BRUCK (1993)
1.1 Children lack appropriate schemas which may contribute to their inaccurate recall of events
1.2.1 Younger children are more suggestible than older children (and so adults)
1.2.2 Leading questions and misleading interview techniques may result in children getting the peripheral AND central details wrong
1.2.3 Interviews with children should be audio/video taped from the first interview onwards
1.2.4 Evidence about suggestibility come from lab studies, which lack ecological validity Not ethically possible to replicate real-life events in lab due to the distress and fear
2 THOMSON (1988)
2.1 Children's EWT is likely to suffer more and be prone to inaccuracies in recall more than adults' as the storage interval increases
3 GOODMAN and REED (1986)
3.1 Children are more likely than adults to give the answer implied by a leading question
4 LEICHTMAN and CECI (1995)
4.1 Young children will incorporate misleading information that is repeatedly given to them
5 KENT and YUILLE (1987)
5.1 Younger children find it difficult to admit to the questioner that they do not know the answer
5.1.1 Want to please the questioner
5.2 When asked to identify a person they had seen earlier, younger children were more likely than older children to pick a person from a photo display, even if the person's picture was not included
6 GROSS and HAYNE (1996)
6.1 When the target person was absent from the photo line-up, the children performed poorly by wrongly selecting a picture
6.1.1 Children interacted with target person only two days earlier

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