The formation of romantic relationships

Mind Map by , created over 5 years ago

psychology Mind Map on The formation of romantic relationships, created by hannah.harrison2 on 05/27/2014.

Created by hannah.harrison2 over 5 years ago
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The formation of romantic relationships
1 Reward/Need Satisfaction theory (Byrne and Clore)
1.1 Rewards and Punishment
1.1.1 Griffit and Guay- Ppts were evaluated on a creative task by an experimenter and then asked to rate how much they liked they liked the experimenter. The rating was highest when the experiementer had positively evaluated the ppts performance on the task.
1.2 Attraction through assocation
1.2.1 If we meet someone when we are feeling happy, we are much more inclined to like them than if we meet them when we are feeling unhappy.
1.3 Does not account for cultural and gender differences. Lott suggests that in many cultures women are more focused on the needs of others rather than receiving reinforcement
1.4 Most of these studies are carried out in a lab therefore they lack mundane realism as they do not necessarily show that the principles of need and satisfaction and similarity apply in real life.
2 Similarity
2.1 Personality
2.1.1 Two people who are serious and hardworking are more likely to be attracted to each other, than a serious, hardworking person and someone whose main interests are having fun and avoiding responsibility. Caspi and Herbener found that married couples with similar personalities tend to be happier than couples with less similar personalities.
2.2 Attitudes
2.2.1 Research suggests that the process of attitude alignment often occurs, with partners modifying their attitudes so they become more similar.
2.3 Research on similarity has only dealt with attitude and personality. Yoshida pointed out that this represents only a very narrow view of factors important in relationship formation, with factors such as physical condition, economic level and self-concept being equally important.

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