Classic theories of personality

saraswati.yulia
Mind Map by saraswati.yulia, updated more than 1 year ago
saraswati.yulia
Created by saraswati.yulia almost 6 years ago
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For final exam

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Classic theories of personality
1 Fromm
1.1 Humanistic Psychoanalysis
1.1.1 Humans are dettached from surrounding

Annotations:

  • Lost most of their animal instincts, gained self-awareness, imagination, planning, and doubt.
1.1.1.1 Produced basic anxiety
1.1.1.2 Produced reasoning ability
1.1.1.2.1 Human dilemma

Annotations:

  • A blessing and a curse
1.1.1.2.2 Basic Fundemental dichotomies
1.1.1.2.2.1 Life vs death

Annotations:

  • Self-awareness and knowing that we WILL die
1.1.1.2.2.2 Goal vs doubt

Annotations:

  • Capable of making goals but also know that life's too short to reach them all
1.1.1.2.2.3 Alone vs social

Annotations:

  • Humans are alone but can't tolerate isolation
1.1.2 Looks from historical and cultural
1.2 Human needs
1.2.1 Existential needs
2 Allport
2.1 Uniqueness of individual
2.2 Morphogenic

Annotations:

  • The study of individuals Differ from nomothetic, which means of groups of people
2.3 Approach of Personality
2.3.1 What is personality?
2.3.1.1 Definition

Annotations:

  • The dynamic organization within the individual of these psychophysical systems that determine his characteristic behavior and thought.
2.3.1.1.1 Personality is something that does something
2.3.1.1.2 So personality is..
2.3.1.1.2.1 Physical and psychological
2.3.1.1.2.2 Overt behavior, covert thoughts
2.3.1.1.2.3 Product of process, structure and growth
2.3.1.2 Behavior: expressive and adaptive
2.3.2 Role of conscious motivation?
2.3.2.1 A healthy adult: aware, know reasons
2.3.2.2 Some are driven by hidden impulses and sublimated drives
2.3.2.3 Some originate from childhood
2.3.3 Characteristics of healthy person?
2.3.3.1 Proactive
2.3.3.2 Generally trauma-free when they're young
2.3.3.3 There are six
2.3.3.3.1 Extension of the sense of self
2.3.3.3.2 Warm relationship with others
2.3.3.3.3 Self-acceptance
2.3.3.3.4 Realistic perception
2.3.3.3.5 Insight & humor
2.3.3.3.6 Unifying philosophy of life
2.4 Structure of personality
2.4.1 Personal dispositions
2.4.1.1 Cardinal
2.4.1.1.1 Dominant
2.4.1.2 Central
2.4.1.2.1 Close friends will agree
2.4.1.3 Secondary
2.4.1.3.1 Less known but there
2.4.2 Motivational and stylistic dispositions
2.4.3 Proprium
2.4.3.1 That's me!
2.5 Motivation
2.5.1 Personality is reactive
2.5.2 Functional anatomy

Annotations:

  • A theory of changing motives.
2.5.2.1 Some motives are functionally independent than the original
2.5.2.1.1 Untraceable
2.5.2.1.2 Based on present interests
2.5.2.1.3 Differ from freud's pleasure principle
2.5.2.2 Perseverative
2.5.2.2.1 Impression leave an influence
2.5.2.2.1.1 Ex: do ........ For the fun of it
2.5.2.3 Propriate
2.5.2.3.1 Self sustaining motives related to proprium
2.5.2.3.1.1 Ex: jobs, hobbies
2.5.2.4 8 nots
2.6 Diaries of Marion Taylor
2.7 Letters from Jenny
3 Kohut
4 Mahler
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