Paramedic Practice

lachyyy
Mind Map by lachyyy, updated more than 1 year ago
lachyyy
Created by lachyyy over 5 years ago
80
3

Description

Paramedic Practice Mind Map on Paramedic Practice, created by lachyyy on 06/03/2014.

Resource summary

Paramedic Practice
1 Week 2: WHS & Infection Control (IC)
1.1 WHS
1.1.1 Scene Assessment
1.1.1.1 Threats/Risks/Hazards
1.1.1.1.1 Environmental Hazards
1.1.1.1.2 Prevention Behaviour
1.1.1.1.2.1 1. Protect you & your partner
1.1.1.1.2.2 2. Remove people from risks/Remove risks from people
1.1.1.1.2.3 3. "Help!" - Use backup & resources
1.1.1.2 Options
1.1.1.3 Merits of Situation
1.1.2 Risk Management - PRARE

Annotations:

  • Protect Recognise risk Assess risk Report risks/hazards Employ accountability
1.2 Infection Control
1.2.1 What Protects you?
1.2.1.1 State IC Policy
1.2.1.2 Ambulance IC Policy
1.2.1.3 NHMRC Guidelines
1.2.1.4 Health Safety Representatives (HSRs)
1.2.1.5 You & your partner
1.2.2 PPE

Annotations:

  • PPE: - Gloves - Leather/Protective Gloves - Goggles/Glasses - Helmet/Hard hat - Rain coat/pants - High-vis Vest - Boots - Uniform - Face Mask/Shield - Gown/Apron - Sun block
1.2.2.1 Precautions
1.2.2.1.1 Standard Precautions

Annotations:

  • Minimum accepted level of infeciton control
1.2.2.1.2 Additional Precautions

Annotations:

  • Additional precautions to prevent transmission of pathogens Includes: Multi-resistant organisms (MRO) MRSA VRE
1.2.2.2 Uniform

Annotations:

  • - Identifies you - Protects partly from body fluids - Protects from sun burn & exposure - Reduces abrasions to body & limbs - Insulates in poor weather
1.2.3 Transmission

Annotations:

  • Source of transmission to Mode of transmission to Susceptible host
1.2.3.1 Pathogens

Annotations:

  • Pathos = disease Gen = to produce Pathogen = Disease causing organism Types: Bacteria, Viral, Fungus
1.2.3.2 Natural Body Defenses

Annotations:

  • - Skin = Barrier - Mucous membranes & secretions = Trap - Cilia (fine hairs) in nose & lungs = Move stuff - Acids in stomach = Destroys
1.2.4 Sharps

Annotations:

  • Minimise the use No passing sharps to other people No recapping of sharps
1.2.5 Body fluid spill procedure

Annotations:

  • Confine Contain & Dispose Use PPE Clean spill site with neutral detergent
2 Week 3: Manual Handling

Annotations:

  • Definition: Any activity requiring the use of force exerted by a person.
2.1 Injury Causes
2.1.1 Wear & tear

Annotations:

  • - Poor posture - Muscle weakness - Incorrect technique
2.1.2 Strenuous Activities
2.1.3 Sudden Trauma
2.1.4 Injury Risks
2.1.4.1 1. Actions & Movements
2.1.4.2 2. Working posture & position
2.1.4.3 3. Duration & frequency
2.1.4.4 4. Weight
2.2 Responsibility of employer & employee
2.3 Basic Lifting Principles

Annotations:

  • 1. Keep load close 2. Large objects need large muscle groups 3. 'stack' yourself up 4. Modify: objects, lifting area, actions, movements, forces. 5. Team lift or Mech assist if needed
2.3.1 B-A-C-K
2.3.1.1 Brains before Brawn
2.3.1.2 Assess PT & Scene
2.3.1.3 Communicate. then lift
2.3.1.4 Keep control
2.4 Risk Management Pyramid

Annotations:

  • Higher = More effective Lower = Less effective Elimination Substitution Engineering Administrative Behaviour PPE
3 Week 4: Equiptment
3.1 Kits/Bags
3.1.1 Oxygen Kit (Green 'boot' bag)
3.1.2 Resus Kit (Orange/Yellow)
3.1.3 Med Kit
3.1.4 Trauma Kit (First aid kit)
3.1.5 Phillips Monitor (Cardiac monitor
3.2 Tools
3.2.1 Stethoscope
3.2.2 Thermometer
3.2.3 Pupil Torch
3.2.4 Sphygmomanometer (BP)
3.2.5 Glucometry (BGL)
3.2.6 Cardiac Monitor (Phillips)
3.2.7 Pulse Oximetry
3.3 PT Positioning

Annotations:

  • Supine = Flat on back Prone = Flat on abdomen Fowlers = Supine w/ feet elevated Supine w/knees up Recovery Position = Lateral Recumbent Left Recovery Position = L Lat Recumbent (Pregnant) Trendelenburg = Feet up, head down Banana = Feet up, bum down, head up
4 Week 5: Patient Assessment 1
4.1 Legalities
4.1.1 Scope of Practice
4.1.2 Duty of Care
4.1.3 Consent - Informed/Implied

Annotations:

  • Informed: PT who is in a sound state of mind and is capable to understand the potential consequences of refusal of service, Implied: PT would consent is possible &/or presenting themselves and their injury
4.1.4 Advanced Directive
4.1.4.1 Do Not Resuscitate (DNR)
4.1.4.2 Not For Resuscitation (NFR)
4.1.4.3 End Of Life Care Plan (EOLCP)
4.1.5 Confidentiality
4.1.6 Intentional Tort

Annotations:

  • Knowing doing harm Assault & battery
4.2 Primary Survey

Annotations:

  • Systematic Approach - Find life threatening conditions first Standardised approach - avoids tunnel vision
4.2.1 DRABCDE
5 Week 6: Patient Assessment 2
5.1 Secondary Assessment

Annotations:

  • Golden Rules for PT Assessment - Expose PT - Continual reassessment for TRENDS - Systematic Approach - Avoids tunnel vision - Always start at head - Use mnemonic
5.1.1 DCAP/BLTS

Annotations:

  • Decaf CAPpuccino/Bacon Lettuce Tomato Sandwich +Crepitus +LOC
5.1.2 Mechanism of Injury (MOI)

Annotations:

  • Active Process Diaphragm & Intercostel Muscles Relax Bronchi Tree Constricts
5.1.2.1 Index of Suspicion

Annotations:

  • High index of suspicion for Spinal & head injury
5.1.3 Level of Consciousness (LOC)
5.1.3.1 AVPU
5.1.3.2 Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS)
5.1.4 Head to Toe Examination
5.1.4.1 Face/Head
5.1.4.2 Spine/Neck
5.1.4.3 Chest
5.1.4.4 Abdomen
5.1.4.5 Limbs
6 Week 7: Airway Management
6.1 Respiratory System/Physiology
6.1.1 Upper Airway (Above Neck)

Annotations:

  • - Nose/Mouth - Pharynx - Epiglottis - Larynx        - Thyroid Cartilage (Adams Apple)        - Cricoid Cartilage
6.1.2 Lower Airway (Resp Anatomy)

Annotations:

  • - Trachea - Major Bronchi - Bronchioles - Alveoli - Diaphragm
6.1.3 Mechanisms of Breathing
6.1.3.1 Inspiration/Inhalation

Annotations:

  • Active Process Diaphragm & Intercostel Muscles Contract
6.1.3.2 Expiration/Exhalation

Annotations:

  • Passive Process Diaphragm & Intercostel Muscles Relax Bronchi Tree Constricts
6.1.3.3 Control of Respiration
6.1.4 Abnormal Upper Airway Sounds

Annotations:

  • Best to Worst - Snoring              - Upper Airway Partially Obstructed              - Relaxed Pharynx or Tongue - Crowing           - Larynx Spasm - Narrows Opening of Trachea - Strider           - Harsh high pitched sound on inspiration           - Significant upper airway obstruction           - Swelling or foreign object
6.2 Artificial Airways (Airway Adjuncts)
6.2.1 Oropharyngeal Airway
6.2.2 Nasopharyngeal Airway (NPA)
6.2.3 Laryngeal Mask (LMA)

Annotations:

  • Qualified Only (E.g. ICP)
6.2.4 Endotracheal Tube (ETT)

Annotations:

  • Gold standard of AA
6.2.5 Triple Airway Maneuver

Annotations:

  • - Head Tilt - Chin Lift - Jaw Thrust
6.3 Oxygen (O2)
6.3.1 O2 Delivery

Annotations:

  • - Nasal Prongs - Hudson Mask - Nebuliser Mask (Hudson Mask with nebuliser unit/bowl)- Non-rebreather Mask- Venturi Mask (Elephant Mask)
6.3.2 Uses

Annotations:

  • - Respiratory Distress & Hypoxia - Simultaneously used with drugs          - Medazalam          - Morphine          - Salbutamol (Ventalin) etc... - Obstetrics & Diving Emergencies - Hyperventilation - Supplement to maintain tissue Oxygenation
6.3.3 Signs & Symptoms Requiring O2

Annotations:

  • - Apnoea - Cyanosis - Increased HR, RR and/or BP - Cardiac & Respiratory distress/arrest - Any Hypoxia - SPO2 <95% - Decreased LOC - Hypovolemic Shock - Med Hx: Drowning, Spinal, CVA (Stroke), Head Injury, etc.
6.3.4 Bag-Valve Mask (BVM)

Annotations:

  • Manual Resuscitator Up to 100% O2
6.3.4.1 Intermittent Positive-Pressure Ventilation
7 Week 8: Pain & Medications
8 Week 9: Trauma
9 Week 11: Patient Assessment 3
10 Week 10: Documentation & Communication
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