Mind Map by , created over 6 years ago

(english) Mind Map on Blindness, created by sophie.f on 05/20/2013.

Created by sophie.f over 6 years ago
A Level: English language and literature techniques = Structure
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English Language Techniques
1 Metaphor
1.1 L's inability to recognise his daughters' motives = catalyst that leads to own cognitive disintegration.
1.1.1 L asks if ayone can recognise him as he no longer recognises himself. - curses his tears as sign of weakness and threatens to tear out his own eyes, foreshadowing G's blindness. Storm = decent into madness - madness = way to truth? Edg - truthful character - pretends to be mad 'Poor Tom' - L looks up to him "noble philosopher" - KL seems to have come to 'see' but doubted at end when C dies, refusing reality. McEvoy - KL dies in moment of self-deception - no anagnorsis/revelation.
1.1.2 first error - division of kingdom by asking "which of you shall we say doth love us most"
1.2 G tells L she values him more than eyesight - introducing theme - ironic - later gouges out G's eyes.
1.3 Edg - says its better to know where you stand than to be flattered - reminded of way L encouraged his daughters to flatter him and can appreciate truth in Edg's insight.
1.4 L & G understand - insight and self-knowledge are not dependent on external attributes but are products of an inner wisdom.
1.5 "Tis the time's plague when madmen lead the blind" - G - irony G is eventually blinded and led by Poor Tom.
1.6 "Fathers that wear rags do make their children blind; But fathers that bare bags, shall see their children kind." - F speaks ominously of fortune favouring wealthy - materialistic view - since L has given money to daughters - should expect no more kindness from them.
2 Reality
2.1 Only after G's eyes are brutally torn out is he able to 'see' the truth - gains insight.
2.1.1 true understanding only comes when one is able to look beyond what has been taken for granted - eyes for G, wealth and power for L "I have no way and therefore want no eyes. I stumbled when i saw." - despair - lost without eyes and questions family values. Anagnorsis - recognition of tragic plight - typical of tragedy - realisation but often too late. Shift from ignorance to knowledge. KL's anagnorsis - political and revolutionary - not personal. - recognition that destruction was produced by kind of society over which he presided Heilman - "The blind man sees because he can have insight into the divine reality. The sanity of the mad is that they can understand eternal truth."
2.1.2 G tells L that even though he is blind he understands the ways of the world - "I see it feelingly"
2.1.3 "Pluck out his eyes" - G - imperative.
2.1.4 error - treatment of illegitimate son - epithets - "whoreson", "knave", "issue" - typical of tragedy - G misjudges his sons Hamartia - fatal error of judgement - story of Oedipus - End of Act 1 - epiphany - but doesn't know about subplot. Results in reversal of fortune = recognition.
3 highlight moral lessons of play - what happens to characters is dependent on what they choose to see or not to see in the world around them
3.1 "See better, Lear" - K - literal - ageing man and metaphorical - becoming mentally infirm
3.1.1 Play = repercussions of blindness - fall occurs early in play - long time to express what he has learned after having lost daughters, followed, throne and reduces to destitution in storm. Debasement - at lowest point - KL could have avoided so has no dignity in debasement.
3.2 Ideas of seeing and not seeing are central to the play - central to a tragedy
3.2.1 only through violent destruction = nature of unjust society revealed - potential for a change? - tragedy = knowledge and enlightenment - which comes through seeing - end of play = hope - corrupt characters gone.
4 for both L & G - consequences of blindness can't be reversed, but both are given opportunity for redemption in the end.
5 Fool - paradoxical function is to offer insight - tries to help L see he is responsible for causing his own problems. L is gruff with him but is fond and allows him to speak freely, on some level recognises truth of what he says. - KL's conscience? - F is outsider - sees reality but isn't listened to - those who are displaced are genuinely more insightful - ironic - not until KL was displace that he could see.
6 L - ashamed of way he treated C - refuses to see her.
6.1 "The jewels of our father with wash'd eyes C leads you" - C 1.1 - 'wash'd eyes' - clarity of sight and implication that she can see where L cannot.

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