Sabera Yasmin
Note by Sabera Yasmin, updated more than 1 year ago
Sabera Yasmin
Created by Sabera Yasmin about 4 years ago


UPSC CSE Civil Service Note on upsc, created by Sabera Yasmin on 07/30/2017.

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2016 general studies paper 1 prelims Series A   1. Laxmikanth  2. 3. NCERT 12th Macroeconomics 4. 5. 6. 7. Ministry of Power Website 8.  Justification: Statement 1: The World Bank Group (WBG) consists of five organizations – IBRD, IDA, IFC, MIGA and ICSID. IFC is a member of the World Bank Group (WBG) and at the same time it’s called as the World Bank’s private sector lending arm with a stated objective to ensure that any financing does not result in harm to communities and the environment. (Source: Another source that mentions IFC as WB’s arm – (read first paragraph)   Another source:   Statement 2: IFC has been issuing offshore rupee bonds known as ‘Masala Bonds’. They provide a new source of funding for Indian companies which benefit in the longer term from comparative pricing of bonds.   9. UB Singh – Administrative System in India: Vedic Age to 1947 10. 11. WTO website 12. 12th NCERT Macroeconomics 13.  Solution: C Statement 1 and 2: Please see the Q Source. Statement 2: Though desertification affects Africa the most, where two-thirds of the continent is desert or drylands, it is not a problem confined to drylands in Africa. United States, Latin America and the Caribbean have a high percentage of degraded lands. The problem is starker in developing countries (majority of population in drylands is living in these countries). So, the UNCCD secretariat facilitates south-south cooperation is addressing desertification. We could not find any such provision that the UNCCD secretariat allocates majority of resources to the South Asian and North African regions, even though it focuses on these regions.   14. 15. 16. 17.  Solution: C Justification: Statement 1: Siddhas believe in oneness of the transcendental being in the world as well as charity towards men. This clearly shows they believed there is only one God, i.e. monotheism. The Siddhar tradition has also been contrasted with the Bhakti tradition. Their attitude against idol worship and their stress on yoga, knowledge right conduct distinguished them from Bhakti cults. So, clearly 1 is correct. Statement 2: Basavanna (founder of Lingayatism) rebelled against the rigid practices of the caste system then prevalent in orthodox Hindu society and eventually began expounding his own philosophy with a casteless society at its core. Lingayats believed that there is no rebirth and on death the devotee reunites with Shiva never coming back to the World. So, 2 is also correct. Source: Religion, Philosophy, Yoga: A Selection of Articles By Jean Filliozat   18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24. 25.  Solution: A Justification: Statement 1 is ambiguous and debatable. Statement 1: Arguments that Governor appoints the Chief Secretary (CS) are: An appointment order is: Essentially an executive action published in the State gazette notification It is officially taken in the name of the Governor as all executive actions of a State government ought to be. He is the highest officer of the state and Governor should ideally be the appointing authority of the CS. So, even if CM “de facto” appoints the Chief Secretary, “de jure” appointment is made by the Governor, which should make statement 1 correct. But, clearly it’s CM who selects and appoints CS of his state. We are going with Option A because, the given statement is not  ‘incorrect’ per se (He selects or not, he does appoint CS) If there was absolutely NO ROLE involved from the Governor, the statement would be definitely incorrect.  Statement 2: There is no fixed tenure for the post of Chief Secretary. In this context, the Administrative Reforms Commission, in its report on State Administration in 1969, had recommended that a Chief Secretary should have a minimum tenure of three to four years. Source: Indian Public Administration: Institutions and Issues 26. 27. 28. Justification: 29. 30.  Solution: C Justification: Statement 1: Annex-I countries are related to Kyoto Protocol. See Statement 2: A certified emission reduction (CER) is generated from a clean development mechanism (CDM) project activity. See Statement 3: Same link as above. 31. 32. Justification: 33. 34.,%202011.pdf 35. 36. 37. Justification: 38. 39. 40. 41. 42. 43. 44. 45.   (recent news geography) 46.    (recent news navy) 47. (recent news)  48. 49. History straight forward answer 50.  (religion culture) 51.  (recent news) 52.   53. (Recent news) 54. 55. 56. 57. 58.   59.    (Science) 60.   (recent news) 61.   (recent news) 62.    63. 64.   (history) 65. (Art religion culture) 66. (recent news) 67.  68. (Recent news) 69. history 70. 71. 72. 73.     (recent news) 74.   (static gk) 75.     (static gk) 76. (Recent news + Static gk) Some recent changes (on which statement 3 is based): 77.   (static gk + news) 78.   79.   80. history 81.     (news) 82.     (recent news) 83. geography 84.    (recent news) 85.   (recent news) 86.     (recent news) 87. (recent science n tech news isro) 88. medieval history 89. History Excerpts from Romila Thapar, Ancient India, “The memorizing of chronicles, dynastic histories, or epic tales was the work of a group of people, the sutas and magadhas.” 90.   (recent news) 91. (Recent science and tech news) 92.  Standard question on Surat Split. 12th TamiNadu History Textbook 93. Standard question on Cripps Mission. NCERT – 12th – Themes in Indian History – III 94. Map-based questions on important regions 95. Indian Polity: M Laxmikanth 96.  (recent news) 97.    (recent news) 98.     99.    (recent movie news) 100.  

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Maths Optional :   Exam Paper-I Linear Algebra: Vector spaces over R and C, linear dependence and independence, subspaces, bases, dimension; Linear transformations, rank and nullity, matrix of a linear transformation. Algebra of Matrices; Row and column reduction, Echelon form, congruence’s and similarity; Rank of a matrix; Inverse of a matrix; Solution of system of linear equations; Eigenvalues and eigenvectors, characteristic polynomial, Cayley-Hamilton theorem, Symmetric, skew-symmetric, Hermitian, skew-Hermitian, orthogonal and unitary matrices and their eigenvalues. Calculus: Real numbers, functions of a real variable, limits, continuity, differentiability, mean-value theorem, Taylor's theorem with remainders, indeterminate forms, maxima and minima, asymptotes; Curve tracing; Functions of two or three variables: limits, continuity, partial derivatives, maxima and minima, Lagrange's method of multipliers, Jacobian. Riemann's definition of definite integrals; Indefinite integrals; Infinite and improper integrals; Double and triple integrals (evaluation techniques only); Areas, surface and volumes. Analytic Geometry: Cartesian and polar coordinates in three dimensions, second degree equations in three variables, reduction to canonical forms, straight lines, shortest distance between two skew lines; Plane, sphere, cone, cylinder, paraboloid, ellipsoid, hyperboloid of one and two sheets and their properties. Ordinary Differential Equations: Formulation of differential equations; Equations of first order and first degree, integrating factor; Orthogonal trajectory; Equations of first order but not of first degree, Clairaut's equation, singular solution. Second and higher order linear equations with constant coefficients, complementary function, particular integral and general solution. Second order linear equations with variable coefficients, Euler-Cauchy equation; Determination of complete solution when one solution is known using method of variation of parameters. Laplace and Inverse Laplace transforms and their properties; Laplace transforms of elementary functions. Application to initial value problems for 2nd order linear equations with constant coefficients. Dynamics & Statics: Rectilinear motion, simple harmonic motion, motion in a plane, projectiles; constrained motion; Work and energy, conservation of energy; Kepler's laws, orbits under central forces. Equilibrium of a system of particles; Work and potential energy, friction; common catenary; Principle of virtual work; Stability of equilibrium, equilibrium of forces in three dimensions. Vector Analysis: Scalar and vector fields, differentiation of vector field of a scalar variable; Gradient, divergence and curl in cartesian and cylindrical coordinates; Higher order derivatives; Vector identities and vector equations. Application to geometry: Curves in space, Curvature and torsion; Serret-Frenet’s formulae. Gauss and Stokes’ theorems, Green’s identities. Exam Paper-II (1) Algebra: Groups, subgroups, cyclic groups, cosets, Lagrange’s Theorem, normal subgroups, quotient groups, homomorphism of groups, basic isomorphism theorems, permutation groups, Cayley’s theorem. Rings, subrings and ideals, homomorphisms of rings; Integral domains, principal ideal domains, Euclidean domains and unique factorization domains; Fields, quotient fields. Real Analysis: Real number system as an ordered field with least upper bound property; Sequences, limit of a sequence, Cauchy sequence, completeness of real line; Series and its convergence, absolute and conditional convergence of series of real and complex terms, rearrangement of series. Continuity and uniform continuity of functions, properties of continuous functions on compact sets. Riemann integral, improper integrals; Fundamental theorems of integral calculus. Uniform convergence, continuity, differentiability and integrability for sequences and series of functions; Partial derivatives of functions of several (two or three) variables, maxima and minima. Complex Analysis: Analytic functions, Cauchy-Riemann equations, Cauchy's theorem, Cauchy's integral formula, power series representation of an analytic function, Taylor’s series; Singularities; Laurent's series; Cauchy's residue theorem; Contour integration. Linear Programming: Linear programming problems, basic solution, basic feasible solution and optimal solution; Graphical method and simplex method of solutions; Duality. Transportation and assignment problems. Partial differential equations: Family of surfaces in three dimensions and formulation of partial differential equations; Solution of quasilinear partial differential equations of the first order, Cauchy's method of characteristics; Linear partial differential equations of the second order with constant coefficients, canonical form; Equation of a vibrating string, heat equation, Laplace equation and their solutions. Numerical Analysis and Computer programming: Numerical methods: Solution of algebraic and transcendental equations of one variable by bisection, Regula-Falsi and Newton-Raphson methods; solution of system of linear equations by Gaussian elimination and Gauss-Jordan (direct), Gauss-Seidel(iterative) methods. Newton's (forward and backward) interpolation, Lagrange's interpolation. Numerical integration: Trapezoidal rule, Simpson's rules, Gaussian quadrature formula. Numerical solution of ordinary differential equations: Euler and Runga Kutta-methods. Computer Programming: Binary system; Arithmetic and logical operations on numbers; Octal and Hexadecimal systems; Conversion to and from decimal systems; Algebra of binary numbers. Elements of computer systems and concept of memory; Basic logic gates and truth tables, Boolean algebra, normal forms. Representation of unsigned integers, signed integers and reals, double precision reals and long integers. Algorithms and flow charts for solving numerical analysis problems. Mechanics and Fluid Dynamics: Generalized coordinates; D' Alembert's principle and Lagrange's equations; Hamilton equations; Moment of inertia; Motion of rigid bodies in two dimensions. Equation of continuity; Euler's equation of motion for inviscid flow; Stream-lines, path of a particle; Potential flow; Two-dimensional and axisymmetric motion; Sources and sinks, vortex motion; Navier-Stokes equation for a viscous fluid.   +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++ Paper I Booklist and Strategy                                                       Book List  Paper I Linear Algebra : Schaum’s outline on Linear Algebra: this book has explained linear algebra in a far better and simpler manner than Krishna Series. Due to its clarity, it can be read quickly also. Krishna Series on Matrices Calculus : Krishna Series on Differential calculus Krishna Series on Integral calculus Mathematical Analysis by Malik and Arora : a must read book for both Paper I and II Analytical Geometry : Krishna Series on Analytical Geometry : this book is better than Shantinarayan and has many solved examples Krishna Series on Analytical Solid Geometry : for Conicoids, Generating Lines Ordinary Differential Equations: Ordinary and Partial Differential Equations by MD Raisinghania Advanced Differential Equations by MD Raisinghania : required for Laplace Transforms (Paper-I) and Boundary value problems (Paper-II) Dynamics and Statics Krishna Series on Statics Krishna Series on Dynamics Vector Analysis Krishna Series on Vector Calculus (~ 330 pages) Schaum’s outline on Vector Analysis                                                                                                                               Strategy for Paper I: Paper I being easier compared to Paper II, all the topics have to be covered in detail. For Analytical Geometry, read all the solved examples given in above mentioned books. Regularly revise particularly skew lines, sphere, cone and conicoids. In many problems you would have to remember how to start the problem i.e. you would have to mug the approach to solve specific problems. For Calculus, focus more on Calculus of many variables. This is well covered in Malik and Arora. Also many topics of Paper I and Paper II overlap, which can be prepared simultaneously from the above mentioned book. In Statics & Dynamics, try to solve all the problems. You can leave very complex problems which are usually given at the end of every chapter. Make formula sheet for every chapter and revise it regularly. Otherwise you might forget many formulas in exam. Practice makes perfect. Try solving problems with pen and paper with book closed, instead of just reading.   Paper II : Booklist and Strategy Booklist Paper II Abstract Algebra: This being my favourite topic, I had referred many books. But as many candidates find this topic tough, I would suggest referring to following books. Abstract Algebra, Group Theory by R Kumar (Vardhaman Publications) Abstract Algebra, Ring Theory by R Kumar (Vardhaman Publications) Abstract Algebra by Joseph Gallian (optional) Real Analysis: Mathematical Analysis by Malik and Arora Real Analysis by MD Raisinghania Complex Analysis: Krishna Series Linear Programming: Operations Research by JK Sharma or Kanti Swarup or Krishna Series Partial Differential Equations: ODE and PDE by MD Raisinghania Engineering Maths by Grewal : for boundary value problems Advanced Differential Equations by M.D Raisinghania (for boundary value problems) Numerical Analysis and Computer programming: Numerical Methods by Jain and Iyengar (but questions are not coming from this book from past few years) Numerical Analysis chapter from Grewal, Engineering Mathematics For Algorithms and flowcharts, I am having soft copy of a book which I will share. Mechanics and Fluid Dynamics: Fluid Dynamics by MD Raisinghania Krishna Series, Dynamics for Moment of Inertia and D Alembert’s Principle Krishna Series, Rigid Dynamics for Lagrangian and Hamiltonian. (Unfortunately this is a poorly written book with lot of mistakes. Will try to upload material for these topics) Strategy for Paper – 2: Usually Paper II is tough for many. Hence if you are able to master it, then you will able to score very high compared to others Abstract Algebra is a unique topic. Either you like the topic or you don’t. In first case it will be easy otherwise very tough. I loved the topic and did not read it from exam point of view. If you are finding it tough, I would suggest you to do it from 10 markers point of view. There is no point in spending a lot of time on Abstract Algebra as you won’t be rewarded proportionately. The same time could be used for studying other topics of Maths or GS, which would fetch much more marks. For 10 markers point of view, read books (a) and (b) mentioned above. Memorize all the theorems. Skip proofs of theorems which are big, particularly in Permutation groups, Cayley’s theorem, PID, Euclidean Domain and UFDs. On the other hand, if you are comfortable with Abstract algebra and want to do it in a detailed manner, I will shortly share various e-books, pdfs etc. For Real Analysis, Malik and Arora is the best. You can supplement it by MD Raisinghania. I felt it is better to leave the proofs. Focus more on Riemann Integral, Improper Integrals and Series and Sequences of functions. Linear Programming: I feel books for MBA like JK Sharma are written more clearly that Krishna Series. PDE: Even though not mentioned in syllabus, Charpit’s method has to be covered as questions are regularly asked. For Boundary Value problems (heat equation etc.) first read from Grewal. For more types of problems you should refer to book (c) mentioned above in the booklist. Mechanics and Fluid Dynamics: From last year UPSC has started mixing questions from PDE, Numerical Analysis and Fluid & Rigid Dynamics. Therefore to score high it has become imperative to cover this topic. But the problem is the syllabus has been vaguely defined and there is confusion about which topics are there in syllabus. By analyzing past years question papers. I covered only the following topics. In Fluid dynamics cover Kinematics of Fluids in Motion, Equations of Motions of Inviscid Fluids, Sources and Sinks, Vortex Motion. No need to see proof of any theorems. From Navier Stokes equations, just try to see only solved examples. For Rigid Dynamics, cover those topics mentioned in booklist above.   GENERAL OBSERVATIONS: The fixed space for each question in Mathematics causes lot of disadvantage vis-à-vis other optional, particularly humanities. If you made a mistake while solving a problem and have consumed most of the available space, then despite knowing the correct method you would not have space to rectify your mistake. To tackle this, practice solving problems and write many mock tests. By greater practice you will be able to reduce unforced errors. Also if the problem is new or unfamiliar, I used to briefly solve it in the last page with pencil, later transferring it to main page. A lot of aspirants face the dilemma of how much time to give for Maths compared to GS. There is no hard and fast rule. I used to give 50% of my time (say around 5 hrs per day) for Maths and 50% for GS. Owing to huge syllabus of Maths, candidates generally tend to neglect GS and Essay. This has to be avoided. It is very important to complete at least 80% of syllabus before prelims. Also between prelims and mains, try to do both Maths and GS everyday. Don’t lose touch of Maths. The last one month before Mains is very important. During this period keep on revising formulas and practicing problems. Join Test Series programme between Prelims and Mains. This helps you to complete the syllabus in time, gives you practice, improve your speed and accuracy etc. I had joined Venkanna’s (IMS) test series 4 times (2011,12,13,14) and found them very helpful. I did not attend their classroom coaching and went only for test series programme.   My Sample Answer-scripts: Scan 07-Nov-26014 9.19 pm Scan 11-Nov-2014 9.26 pm Scan 20-Oct-2014 9.20 pm Scan 25-Oct-2014 9.54 pm Scan 31-Oct-2014 10.22 am Scan 28-Oct-2014 9.23 pm I wrote above tests during last year online test series at IMS.   Related Article: My Overall Strategy for Essay, GS, Interview PS: Mathematics Marks in CSE Mains 2014: Paper – 1 – 173; Paper – 2 – 173

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15 aug 2017 The hindu   Pradhan Mantri Kausal Vikas Yojana  

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Tamil nadu history class 6    

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ART OF WRITING IN UPSC MAINS...............   There are no shortcuts for this. It takes some time, but if mastered once, it becomes a ‘Brahmastra’ for you throughout your life. It is a 3 step process - You learn the art of writing. You improve the art of writing, with the aim of convincing people with your words. You excel at the art of writing, with the aim of convincing the examiner and earning marks from him. Step 1 : Even though this step is supposed to be done and dusted at school level, majority of UPSC CSE aspirants struggle with this. Reason being the array of objective format examinations that have come up in recent times. Even before thinking of clearing CSE Mains, you first need to learn what writing is all about. This seems stupid, but the importance of writing in coherent and correct language is never really emphasized in Indian schools and colleges. What we think, and what we convey via writing are often different when there is lack of writing practice. To Do : Start writing on daily basis on topics which you are well versed in. It can be cinema, sports, cuisine, anything. Just write 500 words on your chosen topic every single day. Over a period of say 1 year, you will see how differently and effectively you have started conveying your ideas. Step 2 : Here you are writing not just for yourself, but also for someone else who will be reading what you write. Hence, you need to be careful enough to write in a tone that makes sense and is easy to comprehend for the reader. To Do : For this, I always suggest people to develop the habit of reading newspapers. The news items and editorials that are published are solely for the purpose of reading by the common man. It is easy to grasp their tone and flow, and learn how the columnists and reporters frame their articles. When this is done seriously, and with dedication, over a period of time, you shall automatically see the improvement that comes in your own writing style. Step 3 : Having completed the first 2 steps, you now step into the arena of competition. Your writing should not just make sense to the reader, but must also be ‘better’ than 15000-odd competitors appearing for CSE Mains. To Do : After the first 2 steps, you know ‘how’ to write and ‘what’ to write. Here, you need to get into specialised practice for CSE Mains. This should preferably be done 6 months before Mains. If that much time is not available, this practice must be begun after Prelims at all costs. Deeply analyse the nature of the questions that have been asked since 2013. Check the command words carefully - Analyse, Critically analyse, Comment, Describe - and frame your answer accordingly. A detailed discussion on these command words is given here. Enrol for a Test series, but don’t go by name of the institute only. The essential thing is to get feedback for your answers from knowledgable people. Take your pick accordingly. Don’t get too flustered by the marks you score in the tests. Learn gradually. As you cover your Mains syllabus, you will come across keywordswhich are used liberally at several places. Get hold of those keywords and use them in your answers. Example - Sustainable development, energy-efficient agriculture, etc. Always substantiate your answers with something irrefutable. Government reports, World Bank reports, NSSO surveys are some such fact/data banks that are to be used wherever feasible. Write answers point-wise as it gives you time to think about the next point, while you writing the first one. P.S. Scoring high marks in CSE Mains is a painstaking task. Your writing abilities will be put to a stern test, and your success will depend on how well you have executed the aforesaid three steps.

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2017 prelims paper 1 1) 1927 butler committee objective :

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2nd December 2017 ‘The Financial Resolution and Deposit Insurance Bill could undergo corrections’  

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List of govt jobs exam

Banking exams : IBPS PO Exam. The probationary officer (PO) is considered a lucrative white collar job in India. ... SBI PO Exam. ... RBI Grade B Examination. ... LIC AAO. ... SBI SO IBPS SO Arts based exams : SSC CGL. ... UPSC Civil Services Examination. ... IBPS and SBI Clerk. ... Indian Railways. Technical exams : Gate IES SSC JE

Syllabus Development : Java JSF Spring Hibernate SQL Banking : English Reasoning Quants General awareness Financial awareness IT professional knowledge Economics (RBI grade B) Civil Service : Political science Economics History Geography Mathematics ... Technical Electronics Engineering  

Current Span of interest : Development IT professional knowledge        

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