Chapter 2: Environment Systems: Matter, Energy and Ecosystems

Question 1 of 15

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1) A______is a network of relationships among components that interact with and influence one another through the exchange of energy, water and information.

Select one of the following:

  • Molecule

  • System

  • Species

  • Estuary

Question 2 of 15

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2) Which of the following specifically contains all of the planet's living organisms and nonliving parts of the environment in which they interact?

Select one of the following:

  • Atmosphere

  • Ecologisphere

  • Hydrosphere

  • Biosphere

Question 3 of 15

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3) The______contains the rock and sediments beneath earth's surface in the planet's uppermost layers.

Select one of the following:

  • Meoterosphere

  • Lithosphere

  • Siesmophere

  • Mantle

Question 4 of 15

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4)The process of nutrient over-enrichment, oxygen depletion in the bottom layers of water, increased production of organic matter, and subsequent ecosystem degradation is known as_____.

Select one of the following:

  • Nitrification

  • Deoxization

  • Eutrophication

  • Detrification

Question 5 of 15

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5) Positively charged particles in atoms are called_____.

Select one of the following:

  • Electrons

  • Neutrons

  • Ions

  • Protons

Question 6 of 15

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6) What kind of bond is formed between two atoms that lack an electrical charge and therefore share electrons?

Select one of the following:

  • Covalent Bonds

  • Ionic Bonds

  • Hydrocarbon Bonds

  • Isotopic Bonds

Question 7 of 15

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7) Ammonia would be considered a _____solution.

Select one of the following:

  • Neutral

  • Basic

  • Acidic

  • OH+ concentrated

Question 8 of 15

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8) Lemon juice would most likely be considered a _____solution.

Select one of the following:

  • Basic

  • Neutral

  • H+ concentrated

  • OH- concentrated

Question 9 of 15

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9) Which of the following polymers help in producing tissues and structural support, serve as enzymes, and even help to store energy and transport substances?

Select one of the following:

  • Lipids

  • Carbohydrates

  • Nucleic Acids

  • Proteins

Question 10 of 15

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10) Glucose is broken down into water and carbon dioxide through________.

Select one of the following:

  • Cellular Respiration

  • Photosynthesis

  • Transpiration

  • Kinetic Infiltration

Question 11 of 15

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11) This law states that energy will naturally change from an ordered state to increasing disorder or entropy.

Select one of the following:

  • Law of Conversation of Matter

  • First Law of Thermodynamics

  • Second Law of Thermodynamics

Question 12 of 15

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12) Most green plants, algae, and cyanobacteria are known as______.

Select one of the following:

  • Autotrophs

  • Heterotrophs

  • Consumers

  • Detritivores

Question 13 of 15

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13) The biogeochemical cycle plays an important part by________.

Select one of the following:

  • Transporting nutrients, sediments and pollutants from land to the bodies of water, through the atmosphere and back to land or water again.

  • Circulating elements or molecules through the lithosphere, atmosphere, hydrosphere and biosphere. After death of an organism, nutrients are spread through the environment and eventually incorporated by an untold number of other organisms.

  • Through the absorption of water and carbon dioxide to create energy.

Question 14 of 15

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14.) Evaporation, precipitation, transpiration, and infiltration are all processes in the ________cycle.

Select one of the following:

  • Nitrogen Fixation

  • Carbon

  • Nutrient

  • Hydrologic

Question 15 of 15

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15.) What cycle is being interrupted through the burning of fields and forests?

Select one of the following:

  • Carbon Cycle

  • Hydrologic Cycle

  • Biogeochemical Cycle

Quiz by , created over 2 years ago

This is for Assignment #2

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Created by haydenerichussey over 2 years ago