What is an example of an epimer?
Two sugars that are mirror images of each other.
Sucrose and Lactose
Mannose and Galactose
Glucose and Fructose
Glucose and Mannose
A 5 year old male patient is seen for difficultly with vision. After testing, diabetes is ruled out but the physician informs the parents that their child has a hereditary disease. As part of the treatment regimen the child must avoid consuming certain sugars, such as:
A healthy SGU medical student, Bob, is practising using CliniTest on his own urine. His fellow student, Alice, decides to prank Bob by adding sugar to Bob's sample when Bob is not looking. Much to Alice's disappointment, Bob's test does not indicate any sugar in his urine. What sugar did Alice use?
What is the type of linkage between the sugar and base of a nucleotide/nucleoside?
α(1->4) glycosidic linkage
α(1->2) glycosidic linkage
A 2 year child is diagnosed with fructosuria and the physician recommends the child avoid consuming sucrose. Why is sucrose considered a non-reducing sugar?
Because carbon-1 of glucose and the carbon-2 of mannose are involved in the glycosidic linkage.
Sucrose cannot engage in mutarotation.
Sucrose does not have an available carbon-4.
The aldehyde of glucose and the aldehyde of fructose are not free.
Because sucrose cannot reduce copper from Cu3+ to Cu2+.
Which amino acid can support an N-linked glycosolation?
A 60 year old female patient sees a physician at a walk-in clinic for a checkup. The patient is mostly healthy, but complains of constipation. The physician recommends increasing the patient's daily intake of dietary fibre. Why are humans unable to dietary fibre?
We can't digest β(1,4) glucose linkages of starch.
We can't digest β(1,4) fructose linkages of cellulose.
We can't digest α(1,4) glucose linkages of cellulose.
We can't digest β(1,4) glucose linkages of cellulose.
We can't digest β(1,4) glucose linkages of lactose.
A 2-year-old patient is suspected of having fructosuria, which is a hereditary intolerance of fructose. What sugar should the physician recommend the patient's parents avoid?
An isomer of fructose.
A sugar molecule with no free anomeric carbon.
An enantiomer of glucose.
A sugar with a β1→4 glycosidic linkage.