Chapter 6: Values, Ethics, and Advocacy

Alexandra Bozan
Quiz by Alexandra Bozan, updated more than 1 year ago
Alexandra Bozan
Created by Alexandra Bozan almost 4 years ago
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Unit 1: Foundation of Nursing Practice Chapter 6: Values, Ethics, and Advocacy

Resource summary

Question 1

Question
A nurse caring for patients in the intensive care unit develops values from experience to form a personal code of ethics. Which statements best describe a characteristics of the development of a personal value system?
Answer
  • People are born w/values
  • Values act as standards to guide behavior
  • Values are ranked on a continuum of importance
  • Values influence belief about health and illness
  • Value systems are not related to personal codes of conduct
  • Nurses should not let their values influence patient care

Question 2

Question
Five year old Bobby has dietary modifications related to his diabetes. His parents want him to value good nutritional habits and they decide to deprive him of a favorite TV program when he becomes angry after they deny him foods not on his diet. This is an example of what mode of value transmission?
Answer
  • Modeling
  • Moralizing
  • Laissez-faire
  • Rewarding and punishing

Question 3

Question
The American Association of Colleges of Nursing identified five values that epitomize the caring professional nurse. Which of these is best described as acting in accordance w/an appropriate code of ethics & accepted standards of practice?
Answer
  • altruism
  • autonomy
  • human dignity
  • integrity

Question 4

Question
A professional nurse with a commitment to social justice is most apt to:
Answer
  • provide honest information to patients and the public
  • promote universal access to health care
  • plan care in partnership w/patients
  • document care accurately & honestly

Question 5

Question
A home health nurse who performs a careful safety assessment of the home of a frail elderly patient to prevent harm to the patient is acting in accordance w/which of the principle of bioethics?
Answer
  • auttonomy
  • beneficence
  • justice
  • fidelity
  • nonmaleficence

Question 6

Question
[blank_start]Integrity[blank_end]: acting in accordance w/an appropriate code of ethics and accepted standards of practice [blank_start]Altruism[blank_end]: concern for the welfare and well-being of others [blank_start]Autonomy[blank_end]: the right to self-determination; respect for another's right to make decisions [blank_start]Human dignity[blank_end]: respect for the inherent worth and uniqueness of individuals and populations [blank_start]Nonmaleficence[blank_end]: the obligation to prevent harm [blank_start]beneficence[blank_end]: obligates us to benefit the patient [blank_start]justice[blank_end]: obligates us to act fairly [blank_start]fidelity[blank_end]: obligates us to keep our promises
Answer
  • Integrity
  • Altruism
  • Autonomy
  • Human dignity
  • Nonmaleficence
  • beneficence
  • justice
  • fidelity

Question 7

Question
Janie wants to call an ethics consult to clarify treatment goals for a patient no longer able to speak for himself. She believes his dying is being prolonged painfully. She is troubled when the patient's doctor tells her that she'll be fired if she raises questions about his care or calls the consult. This is a good example of:
Answer
  • Ethical uncertainty
  • Ethical distress
  • Ethical dilemma
  • Ethical residue

Question 8

Question
A student nurse begins a clinical rotation in a long-term care facility and quickly realizes that certain residents have unmet needs. The student wants to advocate for these residents. Which statements reflect a correct understanding of advocacy?
Answer
  • Advocacy is the protection and support of another's rights
  • Patient advocacy is primarily done by nurses
  • Patients w/ special advocacy needs include the very young and the elderly, those who are seriously ill, and those with disabilities
  • Nurse advocates make good health care decisions for patients and residents
  • Nurse advocates do whatever patients and residents want
  • Effective advocacy may entail becoming politically active
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