Resp Physiology Lecture 1

Rachel O' Flynn
Quiz by Rachel O' Flynn, updated more than 1 year ago
Rachel O' Flynn
Created by Rachel O' Flynn over 3 years ago
108
1

Description

1st med Respiratory Physiology Quiz on Resp Physiology Lecture 1, created by Rachel O' Flynn on 02/09/2018.

Resource summary

Question 1

Question
What is respiration?
Answer
  • Ventilation
  • Exchange of Gases
  • Process by which the body takes in and utilises oxygen and removes carbon dioxide

Question 2

Question
Which of the following are features of the bronchial tree?
Answer
  • Highly branched
  • Tubes become narrower and shorter
  • Tubes become narrower and longer

Question 3

Question
Where does gas exchange occur?
Answer
  • Conducting zone
  • Respiratory zone

Question 4

Question
Where does the respiratory zone begin?
Answer
  • Root of the lung
  • Pharynx
  • Bronchioles
  • Alveoli
  • Bronchus

Question 5

Question
How many alveolar ducts is there?
Answer
  • 1.5-2 million
  • 1.5-2 thousand
  • 1.2-1.5 million
  • 1.2-1.5 thousand

Question 6

Question
What is the diameter of the alveoli?
Answer
  • 0.25mm-0.5mm
  • 0.25-0.5 micrometres
  • 0.1-0.2mm
  • 0.1-0.2 micrometres

Question 7

Question
Where does 95-97% of total gas exchange occur?
Answer
  • Type I Alveoli
  • Type II Alveoli

Question 8

Question
Which of the following are features of Type I Alveoli?
Answer
  • Very thin walls
  • Metabolically relatively inert
  • Metabolically relatively active
  • Increase in number after birth
  • Increase in size after birth
  • limited repair capacity

Question 9

Question
Which of the following are functions of the respiratory system?
Answer
  • Olfaction
  • Temperature regulation
  • Conversion of angiotensin II to angiotensin III
  • Enchance venous return
  • Secretion of mucus
  • Generate force

Question 10

Question
Small particles lodeged in the conducting airways are removed by a stream of mucus propelled by ciliary action towards the bronchioles.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 11

Question
How are particles in the alveoli removed?
Answer
  • Ingested by wandering macrophages
  • Mucociliary escalator

Question 12

Question
Where are vibrissae located?
Answer
  • Nose
  • Nasopharynx
  • Oropharynx

Question 13

Question
Where a re submucosal lymphatics and capillaries located?
Answer
  • nose
  • nasopharynx
  • tracheobronchial tree
  • trachea
  • alveoli
  • primary bronchi

Question 14

Question
What is PCD? [blank_start]Primary Ciliary Dyskinesia[blank_end]
Answer
  • Primary Ciliary Dyskinesia

Question 15

Question
What does CFTR stand for? [blank_start]Cystic Fibrosis[blank_end] [blank_start]Transmembrane[blank_end] Conductance [blank_start]Regulator[blank_end]
Answer
  • Cystic Fibrosis
  • Regulator
  • Transmembrane

Question 16

Question
What is Ireland'd most common life- threatening genetically inherited disease? [blank_start]Cystic Fibrosis[blank_end]
Answer
  • Cystic Fibrosis

Question 17

Question
Ireland has an incidence for cystic fibrosis 4 times that of the US
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 18

Question
How many generations make up the conducting airways
Answer
  • 12
  • 14
  • 16
  • 18

Question 19

Question
How many generations make up the respiratory zone?
Answer
  • 6
  • 7
  • 8
  • 9

Question 20

Question
Forward velocity of air during inspiration becomes very small in the region of the respiratory bronchioles
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 21

Question
F = ΔP/R Which of the following are correct?
Answer
  •  ΔP = difference between intra‐alveolar and atmospheric pressure
  • R = airway resistance
  • F= rate of air flow
  • F= viscosity
  • R= alveolar resistance
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