Neuro - Brain Development, cogitive dysfunction, and neuropsych complications

Bethany Carter
Quiz by Bethany Carter, updated more than 1 year ago
Bethany Carter
Created by Bethany Carter about 3 years ago
11
1

Description

Quiz on Neuro - Brain Development, cogitive dysfunction, and neuropsych complications, created by Bethany Carter on 03/27/2018.

Resource summary

Question 1

Question
When a cell shrinks, is phagocytized, and causes no inflammation, [blank_start]apoptosis[blank_end] occurs. In [blank_start]necrosis[blank_end], the cell swells, lyses, and causes inflammation.
Answer
  • apoptosis
  • necrosis

Question 2

Question
Which is true of neurogenesis:
Answer
  • Growth of new neurons in all areas of the brain occurs throughout the lifetime in healthy individuals
  • Growth of new glial cells that support neuroblast movement occurs throughout the lifetime in healthy individuals.
  • Antidepressants and behavior modification can increase neurogenesis.
  • Depression decreases neurogenesis.
  • New brain cell birth can be facilitated through intensive studying.

Question 3

Question
Synaptogenesis, the growth of axons and dendrites to make new synaptic connections, occurs primarily in early life.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 4

Question
Growth of neurons in synaptogenesis is determined by glial cells.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 5

Question
Apoptosis results from trauma.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 6

Question
[blank_start]PNS[blank_end] cells can regenerate from injury. [blank_start]CNS[blank_end] cells cannot, so healing occurs that results in a [blank_start]glial[blank_end] scar that prevents regeneration.
Answer
  • CNS
  • PNS
  • CNS
  • PNS
  • glial
  • astrocyte

Question 7

Question
DNA bases are marked to repress gene activity by preventing transcription in the process of [blank_start]methylation[blank_end]. Molecules attach to histone tails to alter the activity of the DNA wrapped around them in the process of [blank_start]histone modification[blank_end].
Answer
  • methylation
  • histone modification

Question 8

Question
The chemical modification of DNA is called [blank_start]epigenetics[blank_end].
Answer
  • epigenetics

Question 9

Question
[blank_start]Stress[blank_end] causes the [blank_start]hypothalamus[blank_end] to release [blank_start]corticotropin releasing hormone (CRH)[blank_end] to [blank_start]anterior pituitary[blank_end]. This releases [blank_start]adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH)[blank_end] to [blank_start]adrenal cortex[blank_end]. The [blank_start]adrenal glands[blank_end] release [blank_start]cortisol[blank_end] which causes metabolic effects.
Answer
  • Critical periods
  • Stress
  • hypothalamus
  • amygdala
  • corticotropin releasing hormone (CRH)
  • adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH)
  • oxitocin
  • basal ganglia
  • posterior pituitary
  • anterior pituitary
  • CRH
  • ACTH
  • oxytocin
  • adrenal cortex
  • striatum
  • adrenal glands
  • kidneys
  • parotid glands
  • histamine
  • cortisol

Question 10

Question
In rat studies, the rat mothers who spent a great deal of time licking, grooming and nursing in an arched- back position (LG/ABN) had rat babies with which of the follow characteristics:
Answer
  • Learned helplessness
  • Resilience
  • Greater negative feedback to hypothalamus than non LG/ABN-raised babies.
  • Increased methylation of the promoter region of the glucocorticoid receptor gene.

Question 11

Question
Place the hormone secreted by each organ next to the green arrow indicating where is it released to:
Answer
  • thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH)
  • corticotropin releasing hormone (CRH)
  • adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH)
  • adrenal stimulating hormone (ASH)
  • glucocorticotropin releasing factor (GRF
  • cortisol

Question 12

Question
What are differentials for medical symptoms without an identifiable medical etiology?
Answer
  • Depression
  • Pseudodementia
  • Malingering
  • Factitious disorder
  • Somatic disorder

Question 13

Question
Which are true about somatization?
Answer
  • Physical symptoms have an organic cause.
  • Psychiatric disorder
  • Patient has no intention to produce symptoms to gain attention or seek primary goals.
  • Patient is not falsifying symptoms to seek secondary goals.
  • Generally, this patient will agree to suggested procedure to treat.
  • None of the above.

Question 14

Question
Which are true for factitious disorders?
Answer
  • Physical symptoms have an organic cause.
  • Psychiatric disorder
  • Patient has no intention to produce symptoms to gain attention or seek primary goals.
  • Patient is not falsifying symptoms to seek secondary goals.
  • Generally, this patient will agree to suggested procedure to treat.
  • None of the above.

Question 15

Question
Which are true for malingering?
Answer
  • Physical symptoms have an organic cause.
  • Psychiatric disorder
  • Patient has no intention to produce symptoms to gain attention or seek primary goals.
  • Patient is not falsifying symptoms to seek secondary goals.
  • Generally, this patient will agree to suggested procedure to treat.
  • None of the above.

Question 16

Question
Risk factors for Conversion Disorder include:
Answer
  • History of childhood abuse or neglect
  • Lives in an urban environment
  • Low socioeconomic class
  • Knows about medical illness enough to fake them, generally well-educated.
  • Younger age
  • Female

Question 17

Question
Internal inconsistency demonstrating that signs shown in one method of examination are not present in another is one way to demonstrate incompatibility with [blank_start]neurological disease[blank_end] in [blank_start]Conversion[blank_end] disorder. One such method is [blank_start]Hoover's[blank_end] sign, which shows normal hip strength with contralateral flexion against resistance.
Answer
  • neurological disease
  • factitious disorder
  • Somatic
  • Conversion
  • Hoover's
  • Russell's

Question 18

Question
The hippocampus is the main structure in the limbic system for establishing explicit memories. It forms and consolidates long-term memories from short -term memories.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 19

Question
Explicit or [blank_start]Declarative[blank_end] memory involves storage and retrieval of knowledge to conscious mind. Types of explicit memories are [blank_start]episodic[blank_end] (personal experiences) and [blank_start]semantic[blank_end] (naming and hierarchical knowledge). Episodic memory involves the [blank_start]hippocampus[blank_end], entorhinal cortex, mamillary bodies, and thalamus. Deficits here suggest a [blank_start]memory disorder[blank_end]. Semantic memory are stored in the [blank_start]temporal lobe[blank_end].
Answer
  • Declarative
  • Metabolized
  • energetic
  • episodic
  • seminal
  • semantic
  • hippocampus
  • prefrontal cortex
  • memory disorder
  • normal aging
  • powerpoint slides
  • temporal lobe

Question 20

Question
A dementia work-up includes:
Answer
  • Pregnancy test
  • Magnesium
  • Mini Mental Status Exam
  • Beck’s Depression Inventory
  • TSH
  • CBC with differential
  • BMP
  • B12
  • Drug screen
  • Apo-E

Question 21

Question
o Signs of anticholinergic delirium:
Answer
  • Red as a beet - flushed
  • Hot as a hare - hyperthermia
  • Dry as a bone – dry mucous membranes
  • Dumb as a stump - cognitive impairment
  • Blind as a bat – blurred vision, dilated pupils
  • Mad as a hatter – confusion

Question 22

Question
Amyloid cascade Increased [blank_start]amyloid beta (Aβ)[blank_end] aggregation causing [blank_start]plaque build-up[blank_end] is the major cause of AD, triggering [blank_start]inflammation[blank_end] and release of cytokines and free radicals that lead to progressive neurodegeneration.
Answer
  • plaque build-up
  • neurofibrillary tangles
  • pruning
  • inflammation
  • amyloid beta (Aβ)
  • tau proteins

Question 23

Question
In the Tau hypothesis, tau proteins become destabilized and cause tangles leading to synaptic dysfunction.
Answer
  • True
  • False
Show full summary Hide full summary

Similar

Characters in Lord of the Flies
lowri_luxton
English Poetry Key Words
Oliviax
Edexcel Additional Science Biology Topic 1
hchen8nrd
Active Adults and Starchy Carbohydrate
Carolyn Penny
Organigramas
Sindy Deydania
Characters in "An Inspector Calls"
Steve Whitmill
ENTRE GUERRAS
Elizabeth Ortega
RESOLUCIÓN DE CONFLICTOS
José Reyes
Situaciones de riesgo de la polifarmacia en el adulto mayor
ALONDRA ROBLES
Mind Maps with GoConqr
ernesto blcano
BASES EPISTEMOLÓGICAS
LAREN DOMINGUEZ