carmen.joaquin
Quiz by , created about 5 years ago

Quiz on Joints, created by carmen.joaquin on 09/28/2014.

25
1
0
Tags
carmen.joaquin
Created by carmen.joaquin about 5 years ago
NeuroAnatomy
أطباء 2020
anatomy of the moving body: Skeletal system
Rupa Kleyn
Thorax- Anatomy 2nd Sem, 2nd Year- PMU
Med Student
CUMULATIVE FREQUENCY DIAGRAMS
Elliot O'Leary
Art & Design in Context
Chloe Scott
The Skeleton and Muscles
james liew
The structure of the heart
rachel_w
B7 Quiz - The Skeleton, Movement and Exercise
Leah Firmstone
Skeleton and Joints
Colleen Curley
Respiratory System
Addeana

Question 1

Question
Define adduction
Answer
  • moves the bones away from the median plane
  • moves the bone laterally or medially about a central axis
  • moves the bones toward the median plane

Question 2

Question
What are the structural classification of joints?
Answer
  • Synarthroses, Amphiarthroses, Diarthroses
  • Fibrous, Cartilaginous, Synovial

Question 3

Question
Define synovial
Answer
  • collagen fibers attach to the bone that are articulating
  • either hyaline or fibrocartilage attach to the articulating bones
  • ends of articulating bones are covered with hyaline cartilage, lined with a synovial membrane and enclosed by a fibrous capsule

Question 4

Question
What are the functional characteristics of joints?
Answer
  • Synarthroses, Amphiarthroses, Diarthroses
  • Fibrous, Cartilaginous, Synovial

Question 5

Question
Define supination
Answer
  • moves the bones of the forearm so that the radius ans ulna are not parallel
  • moves the bones of the forearm so that the radius and ulna are parallel (palm up)
  • moves the sole of the foot outward at the ankle joint

Question 6

Question
Define condylar joints. Are they nonaxial, uniaxial, biaxial or multiaxial? Give an example.
Answer
  • Permits all angular movement Biaxial Metacarpophalangeal (knuckle) joints
  • Movement in two planes Uniaxial Wrist joints
  • Movement in two planes Biaxial Metacarpophalangeal (knuckle) joints
  • Permits all angular movement Uniaxial Wrist joints

Question 7

Question
Define amphiarthroses
Answer
  • does not permit movement
  • allows little or partial movement of joints
  • joints with freely movable articulations

Question 8

Question
Define cartilaginous
Answer
  • collagen fibers attach to the bones that are articulating
  • either hyaline or fibrocartilage attach to the articulating bones
  • ends of the articulating bones are covered with hyaline cartilage, lined with a synovial membrane and enclosed by a fibrous cartilage

Question 9

Question
Define fibrous
Answer
  • collagen fiber attach to the bones that are articulating
  • either hyaline or fibrocartilage attach to the articulating bones
  • ends of the articulating bones are covered with hyaline cartilage, lined with a synovial membrane and enclosed by a fibrous capsule

Question 10

Question
Define dorsiflexion
Answer
  • moves the thumb to touch one of the other finger tips
  • moves sole of the food outward at the ankle joint
  • decreases the angle of foot with the anterior surface of leg

Question 11

Question
Define diarthroses
Answer
  • does not permit movement
  • allows little or partial movement
  • joints with freely movable articulation

Question 12

Question
Define ball-and-socket joints. Are they nonaxial, uniaxial, biaxial or multiaxial? Give an example.
Answer
  • Rotational movement Multiaxial Elbow joints
  • Movement in all planes Multiaxial Shoulder joint
  • Movement in all planes Multiaxial Elbow joints
  • Rotational movement Multiaxial Shoulder joint

Question 13

Question
Define extension
Answer
  • increases the angle between two or more bones
  • bends or decreases the angle between bones
  • moves the bone away from the medial plane

Question 14

Question
Define flexion
Answer
  • Moves the bones of the forearm so that the radius and ulna are parallel
  • bends and decreases the angle between bones
  • moves the sole of the foot outward at the ankle joint

Question 15

Question
Define hinge joints. Are they nonaxial, uniaxial, biaxial or multiaxial? Give an example.
Answer
  • flexion/ extension in a single plane Biaxial Elbow Joints
  • only gliding movement Uniaxial Interphalangeal joints
  • only gliding movement Biaxial Interphalangeal joints
  • flexion/ extension in a single plane Uniaxial Elbow Joints

Question 16

Question
Define Abduction
Answer
  • Moves the bone away from the median plane
  • increases the angle between two or more bones
  • Moves the bone toward the median plane

Question 17

Question
Define depression
Answer
  • bends or decreases the angle between bones
  • moves a part of the body backward on a plane parallel to the ground
  • Lowers a part of the body

Question 18

Question
Define plane movement. Is it nonaxial, uniaxial, biaxial or multiaxial? Give an example.
Answer
  • Permits all angular movements Nonaxial Carpals of hands
  • Only gliding movement Nonaxial Carpals of hands
  • Permits all angular movements Uniaxial Elbows
  • Only gliding movement Uniaxial Elbows

Question 19

Question
Define synarthroses
Answer
  • does not permit movement of joints
  • allow little or partial movement of joint
  • joints with freely movable articulations

Question 20

Question
Define pronation
Answer
  • increases angle between two or more bones
  • decreases angle of foot with the anterior surface of leg
  • moves the bones of the forearm so that the radius and ulna are not parallel

Question 21

Question
Define cicumduction
Answer
  • moves the bone laterally or medially about a central axis
  • moves the bone so that as the distal part makes a circle the proximal makes a cone
  • raises part of the body

Question 22

Question
Define eversion
Answer
  • moves the bone away from the median plane
  • moves the sole of the foot outward at the ankle joint
  • moves the sole of the foot inward at the ankle joint

Question 23

Question
Define inversion
Answer
  • Moves the sole of the foot inward at the ankle joint
  • raises a part of the body
  • moves the bone toward the median plane

Question 24

Question
Define pivot joints. Are they nonaxial, uniaxial, biaxial or multiaxial? Give an example.
Answer
  • permits all angular movements Uniaxial Proximal radioulnar joints
  • rotational movement Uniaxial Proximal radioulnar joints
  • permits all angular movements Biaxial Proximal radioulnar joints
  • rotational movement Biaxial Proximal radioulnar joints

Question 25

Question
Define protraction
Answer
  • moves the bones of the forearm so that the radius and ulna are parallel
  • bends or decreases the angle between bones
  • moves a part of the body forward on a plane parallel to the ground

Question 26

Question
Define retraction
Answer
  • Moves a part of the body backward on a plane parallel to the ground
  • moves the bone laterally or medially about a central axis
  • moves the bone toward the medial plane

Question 27

Question
Define elevation
Answer
  • increases the angle between two or more bones
  • raises part of the body
  • moves the bone laterally or medially about a central axis

Question 28

Question
Define rotation
Answer
  • moves the body laterally or medially about a central axis
  • moves the sole of the foot outward at the ankle joint
  • increases the angle between two or more bones

Question 29

Question
Define saddle joints. Are they nonaxial, uniaxial, biaxial or multiaxial? Give an example.
Answer
  • Movement is in two planes Uniaxial Carpometacarpal joints of the thumb
  • flexion/ extension in a single plane Biaxial Carpometacarpal joints of the thumb
  • Movement is in two planes Biaxial Carpometacarpal joints of the thumb
  • flexion/ extension in a single plane Uniaxial Carpometacarpal joints of the thumb

Question 30

Question
Define the plantar flexion
Answer
  • increases angle of foot with anterior surface of leg
  • lower part of the body
  • moves the bone away from the medial plane

Question 31

Question
Define opposition
Answer
  • lowers part of the body
  • moves the bone laterally or medially about a central axis
  • moves the thumb to touch one of the other finger tips