Introduction to Psychology Mid-Term

Yumi Suazo
Quiz by Yumi Suazo, updated more than 1 year ago
Yumi Suazo
Created by Yumi Suazo over 6 years ago
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Description

Introduction to Psychology Mid-term

Resource summary

Question 1

Question
Aristotle suggested that a meal makes us sleepy by causing heat to collect around the
Answer
  • Heart
  • Throat
  • Brain
  • Stomach

Question 2

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Wilhelm Wundt's laboratory work involved experimental studies of______.
Answer
  • Mental Processes
  • Social Influence
  • Personality Development
  • Animal Intelligence

Question 3

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Introspection was the basic research tool used by _______________in order to study people's inner sensations and mental images.
Answer
  • John B.Watson
  • Charles Darwin
  • Edward Titchener
  • B.F Skinner

Question 4

Question
Looking inward and reporting your immediate sensations, images, and feelings is called ___________.
Answer
  • Introspection
  • Cognitive Neuroscience
  • Behaviorism
  • Humanistic Psychology

Question 5

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The biopsychosocial approach emphasizes the importance of having a single academic perspective to guide research.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 6

Question
A major principle underlying the SQ3R study method is that people learn and remember material best when they actively process it.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 7

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A psychologist who studies how worker productivity might be increased by changing office layout is engaged in applied research.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 8

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Behavioral perspective emphasizes the learning of observable responses.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 9

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The way we encode, process, store and retrieve information is the privacy concern of
Answer
  • Cognitive
  • Intuitive

Question 10

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________is a psychologist and a physician.
Answer
  • Psychiatrist
  • Listener

Question 11

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A Greek philosopher who believed in intelligence was inherited by
Answer
  • Plato
  • Aristotle
  • Socrates

Question 12

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The principle of informed consent is most directly relevant to people's right to
Answer
  • Chose whether they wish to participate in a research study
  • Know whether they are assigned to an experimental or control group
  • Replicate the results of a research study
  • Be fully debriefed following their participation in research

Question 13

Question
The personal values of psychologists are likely to influence their choice of__________.
Answer
  • Topics of investigation
  • Research methods
  • Explanatory Theories
  • All of these

Question 14

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Psychologists study animals because___________.
Answer
  • They want to understand how different species think and behave
  • Animal Physiology is often simpler and easier to understand
  • It give them insight into human behavior

Question 15

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Psychologists report that genders in their risk of_________,
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  • Alcohol experience
  • Relationships
  • Study habits
  • Negative Behavior

Question 16

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Psychologists report that genders differ in their risk of eating disorders.
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  • True
  • False

Question 17

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The transmission of political practices and religious customs to other generations best illustrates the placebo effect.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 18

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The purpose of experiments is to recreate behaviors exactly as they occur in every day life.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 19

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Men and women exhibit similar overall intelligence and well-being.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 20

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As a science, psychology is objective and value-free/
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 21

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A normal curve would be LEAST likely to characterize a large random sample of
Answer
  • Family incomes
  • Mortgage
  • Taxes
  • Rent

Question 22

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The standard deviation is a measure of
Answer
  • Variation
  • Discrimination

Question 23

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In any distribution of scores, and equal number of scores are both greater than and less than
Answer
  • The medium
  • The biggest
  • The smallest
  • Neither

Question 24

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The cells that serve as the basic building blocks of our body's information system are called____________.
Answer
  • Neurons
  • Neurotransmitters
  • Ventricles
  • Genes

Question 25

Question
The movement of positively charged ions across the membrane of a neuron can produce an(a)_________.
Answer
  • Glial Cell
  • Action Potential
  • Myelin sheath
  • Interneuron

Question 26

Question
In terms of evolutionary development, the older region of the brain are those that regulate______.
Answer
  • Memory
  • Emotion
  • Breathing
  • Foresight

Question 27

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The left cerebral hemisphere is typically superior to the right in _________.
Answer
  • Spatial Reasoning
  • Speech Production
  • Visual Perception
  • Musical Abilities

Question 28

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Aristotle believed that the mind was most intimately connected with the head.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 29

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The nineteenth-century theory that bumps on the skull reveals that a person's abilities and traits are called Phrenology.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 30

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Charles Sherrington was the first to suggest that different regions of the brain control different aspects of behavior.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 31

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Psychologists who work from the biological perspective are most likely to focus on the links between physiological activity and psychological events.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 32

Question
The part of the neuron that transmits neural messages to other neurons or to muscles or to glands is called_______.
Answer
  • Axon
  • Nucleus

Question 33

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Which endocrine gland regulates body growth_________.
Answer
  • Pituiary
  • Cognitive

Question 34

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Left-handers are more numerous than usual among those with__________.
Answer
  • Reading Disabilities
  • Listening Disabilities

Question 35

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The ability to recognize faces with the right hemisphere but not with the left hemisphere best illustrates________.
Answer
  • Laterization
  • Alignment

Question 36

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Prior to the twentieth century, psychology was considered to be the study of
Answer
  • The circadian rhythm
  • Neuroadaptation
  • Consciousness
  • Narcolepsy

Question 37

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The interdisciplinary study of brain activity linked with our mental processes is known as
Answer
  • Behaviorism
  • Behavior Genetics
  • Cognitive Neuroscience
  • Evolutionary Psychology

Question 38

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A large amount of our mental activity occurs outside our awareness thanks to our capacity for________________.
Answer
  • Neuronadaptation
  • Hypnagogic Sensations
  • REM Rebound
  • Dual Processing

Question 39

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You typically fail to consciously perceive that your own nose is in your line of vision. This best describes__________________.
Answer
  • Neuronadaptation
  • Change Blindness
  • Dissociation
  • Selective Attention

Question 40

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Animals with the most need to graze and the most ability to hide from danger tend to sleep less.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 41

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Neural connections supporting "muscle memories" learned while practicing tennis are strengthen by neuroadaptation
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 42

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Chronic sleep debit is most likely to promote obesity.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 43

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Night terrors are more likely to be experienced by children than by adults.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 44

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The pattern of biological functioning that occurs on a roughly 24-hour cycle is called________________.
Answer
  • Circadian
  • Circadium

Question 45

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During NREM-1 sleep, people may experience fantastic images that resemble
Answer
  • Hallucinations
  • Daydreams

Question 46

Question
Paradoxical sleep is to slow-wave sleep as REM sleep is to _______________.
Answer
  • NREM-3 Sleep
  • NREM-1 Sleep

Question 47

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In the US and Canada, people today sleep ______than people did a century ago.
Answer
  • Less
  • More

Question 48

Question
As members of the human family, we all share a common______________.
Answer
  • Temperament
  • Gender Schema
  • Biological Heritage
  • Y Chromosome

Question 49

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People's reactions to our genetic dispositions constitute part of your____.
Answer
  • Heritablity
  • Temperament
  • Individualism
  • Environment

Question 50

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The threadlike structures that contain genes are called_____.
Answer
  • Synapses
  • Schemas
  • Chromosomes
  • Genomes

Question 51

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Twin studies suggest that a strong influence on emotional instability comes from______.
Answer
  • Genetic Predisposition
  • Y Chromosome
  • Gender Schema
  • Testosterone

Question 52

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A stimulating environment is most likely to facilitate the development of a child's neural connections
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 53

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Evolutionary psychology would be most helpful for understanding the social causes of human aggression.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 54

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Mutations result from random errors in gene replication
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 55

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Identical twins separated at birth and raised in completely different cultures would be most likely to have similar____________.
Answer
  • Temperaments
  • Schemas

Question 56

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Temperament is an individual's characteristic level of________________.
Answer
  • Emotional Reactivity
  • couldn't think of another answer for this question so its a freebie yay!!

Question 57

Question
Molecular geneticists would be most interested in studying__________.
Answer
  • Chromosomes Segments
  • Genetics

Question 58

Question
Today's adults are taller and heavier than those a century ago. The differences between those generational groups illustrate the impact of_______.
Answer
  • Nutrition
  • Dieting

Question 59

Question
One of the three major issues in developmental psychology involves a focus on___________.
Answer
  • Primary and secondary sex characteristics
  • Menarache and menopause
  • Identity and role confusion
  • Stability and change

Question 60

Question
Boys first begin producing sperm during__________.
Answer
  • Puberty
  • Embryonic development
  • Fetal development
  • The first year after birth

Question 61

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From 2 weeks to 8 weeks after conception, the human organism is known as a(n)____.
Answer
  • Embryo
  • Fetus
  • Zygote
  • Ovum

Question 62

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An unlearned,automatic response to a sensory stimulus is called a _________.
Answer
  • Neural network
  • Synapse
  • Schema
  • Reflex

Question 63

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The awareness that things continue to exist even when they are perceived is known as assimulation.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 64

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Less than normal activity in brain areas involved in mirroring other's actions has been found to be associated with autism.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 65

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Second graders who listened to music while doing math problems grasped third-grade math better the following year.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 66

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The process by which certain birds form attachments during a critical period very early in life is called imprinting.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 67

Question
Excess neural connections in the brain's association areas are reduced through a process of___________.
Answer
  • Pruning
  • Dancing

Question 68

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The recommended position for putting babies to sleep is______.
Answer
  • On their back
  • Fetal position

Question 69

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Poor memory for early life experiences results from a baby's relative lack of______________.
Answer
  • Maturation
  • Memory

Question 70

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Piaget is best known for his interest in the process of____________development
Answer
  • Fetal
  • Cognitive

Question 71

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Detection is to interpretation as sensation is to______.
Answer
  • Accomodation
  • Transduction
  • Perception
  • Psychokinesis

Question 72

Question
Which of the following represents the second of three steps basic to all sensory systems?
Answer
  • Transduction
  • Parallel processing
  • Perceptual adaptation
  • Feature detection

Question 73

Question
The conscious or unconscious activation of certain associates is called______.
Answer
  • Transduction
  • Priming
  • Feature detection
  • Tinnitus

Question 74

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According to Weber's law, to be perceived as different, two stimuli most differ by a constant minimum________.
Answer
  • Shape
  • Distance
  • Intensity
  • Proportion

Question 75

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Diminished sensitivity to an unchanging stimulus is known as ____________.
Answer
  • Sensory adoption
  • Stimulus adaptation

Question 76

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John Locke would have suggested that a perceptual set results in__________.
Answer
  • Prior experience
  • Knowing from birth

Question 77

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Intensity is to brightness as wavelength is to_____,
Answer
  • smell
  • Hue

Question 78

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The iris is a doughnut-shaped ring of muscle that adjusts the size of the________.
Answer
  • Pupil
  • White part

Question 79

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Bipolar cells are located in the optic nerve
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 80

Question
The nerve cells that responds to specific aspects of a visual stimulus, such as its shape or its movement are feature detectors.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 81

Question
The importance of parallel processing is best illustrated by Weber's law.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 82

Question
Relative motion provides a cue for perceiving the distance of objects.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 83

Question
The process of acquiring new and relatively enduring information or behaviors is called
Answer
  • Reinforcement
  • Learning

Question 84

Question
Who introduced the term behaviorism?
Answer
  • Edward L.Thorndike
  • John B.Watson

Question 85

Question
A dog's salivation at the sight of a food dish is a(n)______________.
Answer
  • Conditioned response
  • Conditioned stimulus

Question 86

Question
The stage of classical conditioning when a neutral stimulus first beings triggering a conditioned response called_________.
Answer
  • Association
  • Acquisition

Question 87

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Teachers who effectively shape their students' study habits are most likely to reinforce even minor improvements in students' study skills.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 88

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A positive reinforcer is anything that when removed before a response, strengthens the response.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 89

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Escape from a punishing event is a negative reinforcer
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 90

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An event that decreases the behavior that precedes it is a punishment.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 91

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An allergy triggered by the sight of plastic flowers response best illustrates the process of_______________.
Answer
  • Generalization
  • Placebo Effect

Question 92

Question
Alexis is addicted to drugs. The room in which she usually takes them is likely to become a(n)______________ for drug cravings.
Answer
  • Conditioned stimulus
  • Unconditioned stimulus

Question 93

Question
The psychologist most closely associated with the study of operant conditioning was_____________.
Answer
  • B.F Skinner
  • John B.Watson

Question 94

Question
The process of reinforcing successively closer approximations to a desired behavior is called____.
Answer
  • Bonding
  • Shpaing
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