ANTH 1 - Exam 1 Compilation

Catherine Ross
Quiz by Catherine Ross, updated more than 1 year ago
Catherine Ross
Created by Catherine Ross over 2 years ago
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physical anthropology 1 exam

Resource summary

Question 1

Question
Mutation:
Answer
  • a. any change in the genetic code.
  • b. may involve a single incorrect base in a codon.
  • c. must include a whole chromosome.
  • d. a and b.
  • e. a and c.

Question 2

Question
Darwin's Gradualism:
Answer
  • a. involves slow and steady cumulative change.
  • b. involves fairly sudden change.
  • c. believed by Darwin to lead to new species.
  • d. a and c.
  • e. all of the above.

Question 3

Question
Which of the following is not a reproductive isolating mechanism:
Answer
  • a. different pollinators.
  • b. gamete isolation.
  • c. natural selection.
  • d. hybrid inviability.
  • e. seasonal.

Question 4

Question
Gene flow results in:
Answer
  • a. a new population drawn from a small sample of a parent population.
  • b. the exchange of genes among populations through interbreeding..
  • c. new genetic combinations in offspring.
  • d. b and c.
  • e. all of the above.

Question 5

Question
A genotype is:
Answer
  • a. the chemical or physical results of genetic code.
  • b. when the alleles of a pair are only expressed if the gene is homogeneous.
  • c. the alleles possessed by an organism.
  • d. all of the above.

Question 6

Question
The alleles possessed by an organism can come in three possible forms
Answer
  • a. homozygous (TT, tt) and heterozygous (Tt)
  • b. homozygous (Tt, tT) and heterozygous (TT)
  • c. heterozygous (TT, tt) and homozygous (Tt)
  • d. all of the above.

Question 7

Question
Gregor Mendel reached the conclusion that each organism possess
Answer
  • a. two genes for each--trait one from each parent.
  • b. genes can come in different versions today called alleles.
  • c. some alleles are dominant and some are recessive.
  • d. dominant and recessive have no value attached to them.
  • e. all of the above.

Question 8

Question
The Processes of Evolution are
Answer
  • a. natural selection.
  • b. gene flow.
  • c. genetic drift.
  • d. founder effect.
  • e. mutations.
  • f. all of the above except d.
  • g. none of the above.

Question 9

Question
Catastrophism:
Answer
  • a. is the idea that history of the earth is explained by a series of global catastrophes, either natural, or of divine origin.
  • b. it was an attempt to reconcile the evidence with a biblical time frame.
  • c. the notion that there is an ideal, or essential, form of every natural entity and that the variations we see are largely inexact copies of the ideal.
  • d. a and b.
  • e. all of the above.

Question 10

Question
DNA
Answer
  • a. is like a ladder with its ends twisted in opposite directions.
  • b. has only four bases involved: adenine (A), thymine (T), cytosine (C), and guanine (G).
  • c. shape is referred to as a double helix.
  • d. all of the above.
  • e. none of the above.

Question 11

Question
Variation is now known to be in the genetic makeup of populations.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 12

Question
Genetic drift is the exchange of genes among populations through interbreeding.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 13

Question
Mitosis is the process of cell division in which gametes are produced.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 14

Question
The idea of evolution is simple: species of living things change over time and under the right circumstances this change can produce new species of living organisms from existing ones.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 15

Question
DNA carries the genetic code that is found in the nucleus of cells, on long strands called chromosomes.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 16

Question
Fitness is the relative adaptiveness of an individual organism measured ultimately by reproductive success.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 17

Question
Natural selection works on the variation that is known to be in the genetic makeup of populations.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 18

Question
Gene flow is the exchange of genes among populations though interbreeding.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 19

Question
A scientist uses "The Scientific Method" which answers questions according to a special set of rules that involves a cycle of steps.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 20

Question
Adaptation is the state in which an organism is adjusted to and can survive in its environment through its physical traits and behaviors.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 21

Question
Phenotype is the chemical or physical results of genetic code.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 22

Question
Mendelian genetics showed that inheritance does not involve the blending of substances but, rather, are particulate.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 23

Question
An allele is an alternative form of a gene (one member of a pair) that is located at a specific position on a specific chromosome.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 24

Question
The great Chain of being is the notion that there is an ideal, or essential, form of every natural entity and that the variations we see are largely inexact copies of the ideal.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 25

Question
Uniformitarianism is the idea that present-day geological processes (normal, every day uniform process) can also explain the history of the earth.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 26

Question
Though Darwin work with pea plants the basic laws of genetics were derived.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 27

Question
The genetic code is a set of instructions for the production (or synthesis) of proteins from amino acids.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 28

Question
Charles Darwin reasoned, some alleles are dominant and some are recessive.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 29

Question
Natural selection is the differential reproduction of individuals based on the relative adaptive value of their traits.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 30

Question
Individuals tend to find mates within their own breeding populations.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 31

Question
Ecological isolation probably explains the origin of hominids, the group to which our species belongs.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 32

Question
Microevolution is the branching of new species from existing species.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 33

Question
All life, through speciation and adaptive radiation, is descended from a single origin.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 34

Question
In hybrid sterility fertilization may occur, but the hybrid zygotes do not survive.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 35

Question
The complex process of environmental factors, is solely responsible for the final form and function of a living being.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 36

Question
Evolutionary change is at its most basic level genetic change.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 37

Question
Macroevolution is the continuous transformation of a unitary population through time.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 38

Question
Sexual behaviors that attract one sex to the other are called courtship behaviors.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 39

Question
Genetic drift is mistakes in the genetic mechanism that add new variation to a species' gene pool.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 40

Question
There is nothing that can change what genes code for, except a change in the code itself, such a change is called a mutation.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 41

Question
Primates of the family hominidae include: modern humans, earlier humans subspecies, and their direct human ancestors.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 42

Question
Functionally similar but evolutionary unrelated traits are known as analogies.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 43

Question
This adaptation, called bipedalism (exhibited by modern apes), is a form of locomotion that involves placing the backs of the middle joints of the fingers on the ground.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 44

Question
Paranthropus is known to have spread far out of Africa and adapted to a wide range of temperate, tropical, and cold environments throughout Europe and Asia.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 45

Question
Homo habilis "wise person" is a recent, separate species.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 46

Question
Based on the mitochondrial DNA evidence, Homo nenderthalensis is though to be a direct ancestor to modern humans.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 47

Question
The fossil record indicates that an increase in brain size was the first hominid trait to evolve.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 48

Question
A taxonomy is a classification system based on similarities and differences.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 49

Question
Australopithecus had overall skeletal proportions much like those of modern humans.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 50

Question
Radiocarbon dating is a relative dating technique.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 51

Question
The early African hominids radiated into three distinct groups, often classified as separate genera Australopithecus, Paranthropus, and Homo.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 52

Question
Humans, chimpanzees, and bonobos have all adapted to different environmental niches.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 53

Question
Homo habilis is the fossil find commonly referred to as "Lucy".
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 54

Question
The following is not an absolute dating technique:
Answer
  • a. carbon 14
  • b. potassium/ Argon
  • c. stratigraphy
  • d. all of the above
  • e. a and b

Question 55

Question
The AR model hypothesizes that Homo sapiens
Answer
  • a. evolved recently as a species.
  • b. evolved in Africa
  • c. spread to replace more archaic populations
  • d. all of the above
  • e. none of the above

Question 56

Question
The MRE origins model hypothesizes that Homo sapiens
Answer
  • a. evolved
  • b. evolved only in Africa
  • c. all of the above
  • d. none of the above

Question 57

Question
The common prehensile ability that modern humans exhibit and share with our close relatives
Answer
  • a. is a shared derived characteristic,
  • b. come from the same ancient ancestor and serves the same basic function.
  • c. all of the above
  • d. none of the above
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