Chapter 1 - Tree Biology - Problems

David Shorrock
Quiz by David Shorrock, updated more than 1 year ago
David Shorrock
Created by David Shorrock over 2 years ago
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Description

Chapter 1 - Tree Biology Workbook Problems & Sample Test Questions

Resource summary

Question 1

Question
Sites of rapid cell division in the shoot tips, root tips, and cambium are called [blank_start]meristems[blank_end]
Answer
  • meristems

Question 2

Question
Meristems located at the end of the shoots are called [blank_start]primary[blank_end], or [blank_start]apical[blank_end] meristems.
Answer
  • primary
  • apical

Question 3

Question
The tendency for terminal buds to inhibit the growth of lateral buds is called [blank_start]apical dominance[blank_end].
Answer
  • apical dominance

Question 4

Question
The "food factories" of trees are the [blank_start]leaves[blank_end].
Answer
  • leaves

Question 5

Question
The process of [blank_start]photosynthesis[blank_end] combines carbon dioxide and water in a reaction driven by light to produce sugars. [blank_start]Oxygen[blank_end] is also a product of this reaction.
Answer
  • photosynthesis
  • Oxygen

Question 6

Question
The green color of leaves is created by the presence of [blank_start]chlorophyll[blank_end], which is necessary for photosynthesis to take place.
Answer
  • chlorophyll

Question 7

Question
[blank_start]Transpiration[blank_end] is the loss of water vapor from the leaves.
Answer
  • Transpiration

Question 8

Question
The opening and closing of [blank_start]stomata[blank_end] allow for gas exchange, and transpiration is controlled by the [blank_start]guard cells[blank_end].
Answer
  • stomata
  • guard cells

Question 9

Question
Water and dissolved essential minerals are transported within the tree in the [blank_start]xylem[blank_end]. [blank_start]Phloem[blank_end] conducts carbohydrates.
Answer
  • xylem
  • Phloem

Question 10

Question
The [blank_start]cambium[blank_end] is a layer of meristematic cells located between the phloem and the xylem.
Answer
  • cambium

Question 11

Question
The [blank_start]branch collar[blank_end] is formed when trunk tissue grows around branch tissues. As the branch and trunk tissues expand against each other in the branch union, the [blank_start]branch bark ridge[blank_end] is formed.
Answer
  • branch collar
  • branch bark ridge

Question 12

Question
[blank_start]Bark[blank_end] protects the branches and trunk of a tree from mechanical injury and desiccation.
Answer
  • Bark

Question 13

Question
Name five functions of the root system. 1. [blank_start]Absorption[blank_end] 2. [blank_start]Anchorage[blank_end] 3. [blank_start]Conduction[blank_end] 4. [blank_start]Hormone Production[blank_end] 5. [blank_start]Storage[blank_end]
Answer
  • Absorption
  • Anchorage
  • Conduction
  • Hormone Production
  • Storage

Question 14

Question
Water enters young roots or mycorrhizal roots, in part, by a process called [blank_start]osmosis[blank_end].
Answer
  • osmosis

Question 15

Question
The orientation of growth in response to an external stimulus is called [blank_start]tropism[blank_end]. Two examples are [blank_start]geotropism[blank_end] and [blank_start]phototropism[blank_end].
Answer
  • tropism
  • geotropism
  • phototropism

Question 16

Question
CODIT stands for [blank_start]compartmentalization[blank_end] [blank_start]of[blank_end] [blank_start]decay[blank_end] [blank_start]in[blank_end] [blank_start]trees[blank_end].
Answer
  • compartmentalization
  • of
  • decay
  • in
  • trees

Question 17

Question
Trees with upright growth and a strong, central leader are said to exhibit [blank_start]excurrent[blank_end] growth. More rounded trees, which are often broader than they are tall, have [blank_start]decurrent[blank_end] growth habits.
Answer
  • excurrent
  • decurrent

Question 18

Question
Roots and fungi form [blank_start]mycorrhizae[blank_end], which are a symbiotic relationship, aiding in the uptake of water and minerals.
Answer
  • mycorrhizae

Question 19

Question
The process by which chemical energy, stored as sugar and starch, is released is called [blank_start]respiration[blank_end].
Answer
  • respiration

Question 20

Question
Trees that lose their leaves in the autumn are called [blank_start]deciduous[blank_end]. Trees that maintain their leaves for more than one year are called [blank_start]evergreen[blank_end].
Answer
  • deciduous
  • evergreen

Question 21

Question
When cutting through a tree with a chain saw or drilling into a tree, you would pass through (in order);
Answer
  • bark, cambium, phloem, xylem
  • bark, phloem, cambium, xylem
  • bark, cambium, xylem, phloem
  • bark, xylem, phloem, cambium

Question 22

Question
If the terminal bud is removed in pruning;
Answer
  • growth may be stimulated in lateral buds
  • flowering is stimulated to enhance fruit production
  • the branch will die back
  • all of the above

Question 23

Question
The growth rings of many trees;
Answer
  • are visible because of the rapid growth rate of earlywood relative to latewood
  • can be counted to approximate a tree's age
  • can give information about growing conditions in previous years
  • all of the above

Question 24

Question
Which layer of cells is responsible for outward trunk growth and increased girth of a tree?
Answer
  • cambium
  • pith
  • epidermis
  • cortex

Question 25

Question
Mycorrhizae are;
Answer
  • collar-rot fungi
  • elongated underground stems producing sucker sprouts
  • a symbiotic relationship between fungi and roots
  • cells in which photosynthesis takes place

Question 26

Question
Uses more energy than it produces [blank_start]Sink[blank_end]
Answer
  • Sink
  • Auxin
  • Chlorophyll
  • Petiole
  • Internode
  • Lenticel
  • Ray
  • Absorbing Roots
  • Source

Question 27

Question
[blank_start]Absorbing Roots[blank_end] are mostly located in the upper 12 inches (30cm) of soil.
Answer
  • Absorbing Roots
  • Auxin
  • Cuticle
  • Petiole
  • Internode
  • Lenticel
  • Ray
  • Source
  • Sink

Question 28

Question
"stalk" of a leaf [blank_start]Petiole[blank_end]
Answer
  • Petiole
  • Auxin
  • Chlorophyll
  • Cuticle
  • Internode
  • Lenticel
  • Ray
  • Absorbing Root
  • Source
  • Sink

Question 29

Question
Cells that cross the phloem and xylem for radial transport [blank_start]Ray[blank_end]
Answer
  • Sink
  • Auxin
  • Chlorophyll
  • Cuticle
  • Petiole
  • Internode
  • Lenticel
  • Ray
  • Absorbing Root
  • Source

Question 30

Question
Waxy Covering of a Leaf [blank_start]Cuticle[blank_end]
Answer
  • Cuticle
  • Auxin
  • Chlorophyll
  • Petiole
  • Internode
  • Lenticel
  • Ray
  • Absorbing Roots
  • Source
  • Sink

Question 31

Question
Small openings in stems for gas exchange [blank_start]Lenticels[blank_end]
Answer
  • Lenticels
  • Auxin
  • Chlorophyll
  • Cuticle
  • Petiole
  • Internode
  • Ray
  • Absorbing Roots
  • Source
  • Sink

Question 32

Question
Plant Growth Regulator [blank_start]Auxin[blank_end]
Answer
  • Auxin
  • Chlorophyll
  • Cuticle
  • Petiole
  • Internode
  • Lenticel
  • Ray
  • Absorbing Roots
  • Source
  • Sink

Question 33

Question
Between the nodes of a twig [blank_start]Internode[blank_end]
Answer
  • Internode
  • Auxin
  • Chlorophyll
  • Cuticle
  • Petiole
  • Lenticel
  • Ray
  • Absorbing Roots
  • Source
  • Sink

Question 34

Question
Mature, Green Leaves - Sugar Producers [blank_start]Source[blank_end]
Answer
  • Source
  • Sink
  • Auxin
  • Chlorophyll
  • Cuticle
  • Petiole
  • Internode
  • Lenticel
  • Ray
  • Absorbing Roots

Question 35

Question
Green Pigment [blank_start]Chlorophyll[blank_end]
Answer
  • Chlorophyll
  • Auxin
  • Curticle
  • Petiole
  • Internode
  • Lenticel
  • Ray
  • Absorbing Roots
  • Source
  • Sink
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