CAP Exam 1

Jo O'Bar
Quiz by Jo O'Bar, updated more than 1 year ago
Jo O'Bar
Created by Jo O'Bar over 2 years ago
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Description

Study guide for the first exam in Comparative Animal Physiology.

Resource summary

Question 1

Question
_______________ is the study of morphological, physiological, and behavioral adaptations that enhance an organism's ability to survive grow and/or reproduce with respect to the biotic and abiotic environment
Answer
  • Ecological Physiology
  • Biological Physiology
  • Ecological Behavior
  • Biological Behavior

Question 2

Question
Ecological Physiology looks at...
Answer
  • how animals go about solving the problem of life
  • how animals move
  • the muscular and skeletal physique of animals
  • how animals work out

Question 3

Question
Why is Ecological Physiology referred to as the Queen of Biological Sciences?
Answer
  • It requires working knowledge of 20+ biological sub-disciplines as well as physics, chemistry, and math
  • It was the first biological discipline from which all others are derived from
  • The term was coined by Queen Victoria, because she was fascinated with the subject

Question 4

Question
[blank_start]Evolution[blank_end] is the cornerstone of biological thought, but [blank_start]ecological physiology[blank_end] is the mortar that holds it together.
Answer
  • Evolution
  • Ecological physiology
  • Reproduction
  • ecological physiology
  • evolution
  • reproduction

Question 5

Question
Ecological physiology attempts to explain life by separating _______________ and _____________.
Answer
  • proximate cues, ultimate causation
  • cause, effect
  • plants, animals

Question 6

Question
[blank_start]Proximate Cues[blank_end]: What is the adaptation and how does it work? [blank_start]Ultimate Causation[blank_end]: What evolutionary pressures have shaped the ecological order?
Answer
  • Proximate Cues
  • Ultimate Causation

Question 7

Question
What are the two main study areas of Ecological Physiology?
Answer
  • Quantifies how organisms handle stressful environmental conditions and factors
  • Defines tolerance limits and circumscribes an organism's physiological niche
  • Defines how and why animals move about
  • Quantifies the amount of energy needed for an animal to perform basic tasks

Question 8

Question
What are the objectives of ecological physiology?
Answer
  • Identify unifying principles by which physiological function is governed
  • Understand the physiological diversity of organisms at all levels of organization
  • Understand the relationships between different organisms in an environment
  • Identify the evolutionary path that resulted in extant species

Question 9

Question
Who wrote "Effects of the Environment on Animal Activity" and advocated studies of systems physiology as it relates to environment?
Answer
  • Frederick E. J. Fry
  • Knut Schmidt-Nielsen
  • George A. Bartholomew
  • Per Scholander
  • Antoine Lavoisier

Question 10

Question
Check all that are included in the famous Fry paradigm
Answer
  • Animal behavior is distinct from, but related to, physiology
  • Environment affects behavior by acting on physiology
  • Physiological and behavioral traits are an expression of the continuous relationship between organism and environment
  • Animal physiology effects behavior by acting on the environment
  • Evolution is driven by natural selection

Question 11

Question
Integrated physiological responses only have meaning if interpreted respective of [blank_start]animal activity[blank_end] within its environment.
Answer
  • animal activity
  • animal morphology
  • plant morphology

Question 12

Question
Label the responses to environmental change [blank_start]Lethal Factors[blank_end]: Entities that irreversibly destroy integration resulting in death [blank_start]Controlling Factors[blank_end]: Entities that influence molecular activation, and set the rate or pace of metabolism and development [blank_start]Limiting Factors[blank_end]: Entities that interfere with delivery or removal of metabolites thus limiting metabolic performance, locomotion and distribution [blank_start]Regulatory Factors[blank_end]: Entities that, when perturbed, must be regulated through expenditure of metabolic energy diverted from other physiological processes [blank_start]Directing Factors[blank_end]: Entities that alter physiological profiles in time resulting in attraction or avoidance reactions that guide the movements of an organism
Answer
  • Lethal Factors
  • Controlling Factors
  • Limiting Factors
  • Regulatory Factors
  • Directing Factors

Question 13

Question
Who wrote pioneering works in the areas of water balance, salt excretion, heat budgets, and nitrogen balance?
Answer
  • Knut Schmidt-Nielsen
  • Frederick E. J. Fry
  • George A. Bartholomew
  • Per Scholander
  • Antoine Lavoisier

Question 14

Question
Who built the basic foundation of eco-physiology through inductive reasoning?
Answer
  • George A. Bartholomew
  • Knut Schmidt-Nielsen
  • Frederick E. J. Fry
  • Per Scholander
  • Antoine Lavoisier

Question 15

Question
Who shaped our current understanding of animal diving physiology?
Answer
  • Per Scholander
  • George A. Bartholomew
  • Knut Schmidt-Nielsen
  • Frederick E. J. Fry

Question 16

Question
Who was the founder of animal bioenergentics?
Answer
  • Antoine Lavoisier
  • Per Scholander
  • George A. Bartholomew
  • Knut Schmidt-Nielsen
  • Frederick E. J. Fry

Question 17

Question
Animal processes are unaffected by environmental temperature
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 18

Question
To [blank_start]cold-blooded[blank_end] animals temperature has quality as well as quantity. [blank_start]Birds and mammals[blank_end] spend huge amounts of energy to free themselves for immediate temperature effects.
Answer
  • cold-blooded
  • warm-blooded
  • Birds and mammals
  • Fish and reptiles

Question 19

Question
_________________ states that size relationships affect metabolism, growth, movement and just about everything else.
Answer
  • The Law of Allometry
  • The Law of Symmetry
  • The Law of Relative Size
  • The Law of Emergent Properties

Question 20

Question
Behavioral adaptations are an organisms first line of defense against environmental change.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 21

Question
An environment is determined by the behavior of the animals inside it.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 22

Question
Perfection is the result of natural selection.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 23

Question
Complex organismal responses to change cannot be predicted from lower organizational levels.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 24

Question
What is the Law of Emergent Properties?
Answer
  • as complexity increases from level to level in the biological hierarchy, properties emerge that could not be predicted from lower organization levels.
  • size relationships affect metabolism, growth, movement, and just about everything else.
  • as an organism's complexity increases, increasingly complex properties emerge in the organism's morphology

Question 25

Question
Horvath's toad-headed agama has which strange adaptation?
Answer
  • collects water using a practice called "rain-harvesting"
  • wide, flat feet to avoid sinking in the sand
  • mucous-covered skin to trap water

Question 26

Question
What are the two basic types of nervous cells?
Answer
  • Neroglial cells
  • astrocytes
  • axon
  • neurons

Question 27

Question
Which are neuroglial cells?
Answer
  • Ependymal cells
  • Astrocytes
  • Oligodenricytes
  • Schwann cells
  • Microglia cells
  • Dendrites
  • Axons
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