Histology: Nervous tissue

Tanya Suhinthan
Quiz by , created 9 months ago

Histology Quiz on Histology: Nervous tissue , created by Tanya Suhinthan on 02/16/2019.

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Tanya Suhinthan
Created by Tanya Suhinthan 9 months ago
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Question 1

Question
The neurons show regeneration ability
Answer
  • yes
  • no

Question 2

Question
The neuroglial cells conduct a nervous impulse
Answer
  • yes
  • no

Question 3

Question
By light microscopic observation the Nissl Substance is visible in the axons
Answer
  • yes
  • no

Question 4

Question
Only one axon takes part int he formation of myelinated nerve fibers
Answer
  • yes
  • no

Question 5

Question
Only one axon takes part int he formation of myelinated fibers
Answer
  • yes
  • no

Question 6

Question
The bodies (perikaryons) of the neurons are localised in the white matter
Answer
  • yes
  • no

Question 7

Question
What embryonic sheet derive the neurons from :
Answer
  • ectoblast
  • endoblast
  • mesoblast
  • mesenchyme

Question 8

Question
What embryonic sheet derive the macroglia from:
Answer
  • ectoblast
  • endoblast
  • mesoblast
  • mesenchyme

Question 9

Question
What embryonic sheet derive the microglia from:
Answer
  • ectoblast
  • endoblast
  • mesoblast
  • mesenchyme

Question 10

Question
The pseudounipolar neurons consist of:
Answer
  • body, axon, dendrite
  • body, axon, dendrites
  • body and axon
  • body and dendrite

Question 11

Question
The multipolar neuron consists of :
Answer
  • body, axon, dendrite
  • body, axon, dendrites
  • body and axon
  • body and dendrite

Question 12

Question
Which of the following elements of the cytoskeleton are well developed in neurons
Answer
  • tonofibrils
  • myofibrils
  • neurofibrils
  • microfibrils

Question 13

Question
Which of the following types of neuroglial cells are localises in the grey matter:
Answer
  • fibrous astrocytes
  • protoplasmic astrocytes
  • ependymocytes
  • Schwannn cells

Question 14

Question
The sheath of the nerve fibers in the peripheral nervous system are built from:
Answer
  • astrocytes
  • oligodendrocytes
  • ependymocytes
  • Schwann Cells

Question 15

Question
The sheath of the nerve fibers int he central nervous system (white matter) is built from:
Answer
  • astrocytes
  • oligodendrocytes
  • ependymocytes
  • Schwann cells

Question 16

Question
Which of the following neuroglial cells take part in the production of cerebro-spinal fluid
Answer
  • astrocytes
  • oligodendrocytes
  • ependymocytes
  • Schwann Cells

Question 17

Question
Which of the following characteristics are specific for the neurons:
Answer
  • collect stimuli and transform them into nervous impulse
  • regeneration ability
  • supporting and protective functions
  • synthesise and release neurotransmitters
  • presence of different in function processes

Question 18

Question
Which of the following characteristics are specific for the neuroglial cells:
Answer
  • collect stimuli and transform them into nervous impulse
  • regeneration ability
  • synthesise and release neurotransmitters
  • supporting and protective functions
  • presence of different in function processes

Question 19

Question
Which of the following elements are visible in the neurons by light microscopic observation
Answer
  • big in size, pale stained nucleus
  • eosinophilic cytoplasm
  • Nissl substance
  • tonofibrils
  • neurofibrils

Question 20

Question
The nonmyelinated nerve fibers consist of
Answer
  • axon
  • myelin sheath
  • Schwann sheath
  • endoneurium
  • microglia

Question 21

Question
The myelinated nerve fibers consist of
Answer
  • axon
  • myelin sheath
  • Schwann sheath
  • Endoneurium
  • Microglia

Question 22

Question
The parts of the neuron are: -[blank_start]perikaryon[blank_end] ([blank_start]body[blank_end]) -[blank_start]axon[blank_end] -[blank_start]dendrites[blank_end]
Answer
  • body
  • perikaryon
  • axon
  • dendrites

Question 23

Question
Depending on the shpae of their bodies (perikaryons) the neurons are: a) [blank_start]star-shaped[blank_end] ([blank_start]multipolar[blank_end]) b)[blank_start]pyramidal[blank_end] c)[blank_start]pear-like[blank_end] d)[blank_start]spherical[blank_end] or [blank_start]spindle[blank_end] shaped
Answer
  • star-shaped
  • multipolar
  • pyramidal
  • pear-like
  • spherical
  • spindle

Question 24

Question
Depending on the number of their branches the neurons are; a)[blank_start]unipolar[blank_end] b)[blank_start]pseudounipolar[blank_end] c)[blank_start]bipolar[blank_end] d)[blank_start]multipolar[blank_end]
Answer
  • unipolar
  • pseudounipolar
  • bipolar
  • multipolar

Question 25

Question
Depending on their functions the neurons are: a) [blank_start]motor[blank_end] ([blank_start]efferent[blank_end]) b)[blank_start]sensory[blank_end] ([blank_start]afferent[blank_end]) c)[blank_start]associative[blank_end] d) [blank_start]neuroendocrine[blank_end]
Answer
  • motor
  • efferent
  • afferent
  • sensory
  • associative
  • neuroendocrine

Question 26

Question
The central type of neuroglial cells are: a) [blank_start]astrocytes[blank_end] b)[blank_start]oligodendricites[blank_end] c)[blank_start]ependymal[blank_end] d)[blank_start]microalgia[blank_end]
Answer
  • astrocytes
  • oligodendricites
  • ependymal
  • microalgia

Question 27

Question
By light microscopic observation of the spinal cord ont ransverse sections stained with toluidinblue, multipolar neurons with cytoplasm filled with blue granules in the anterior horns are observed. What is the name fo these structures and the appearence of which organelle are they? [blank_start]Nissl Substance[blank_end] ([blank_start]rough[blank_end]-surfaced [blank_start]endoplasmic reticulum[blank_end] )
Answer
  • Nissl Substance
  • rough
  • endoplasmic reticulum

Question 28

Question
Under electron microscope, a transverse section of cylindrical in shape structure with dark and light lines arranged in concentric manner is observed. Peripherally, a part of cytoplasm with mitochondria and nucleus is visible. What is the name of the described structure? [blank_start]Myelinated Nerve fibers[blank_end]
Answer
  • Myelinated Nerve fibers

Question 29

Question
Under light microscope, on sections from cerebrum stained with AuCl2 star-shaped neurons with numerous long non-branching processes localised in the white matter are observed. Some of the processes attach to the blood vessels walls. What is the name of these cells and what is their function? [blank_start]Fibrous astrocytes[blank_end]-
Answer
  • Fibrous astrocytes

Question 30

Question
Under light microscope, on sections stained with OsO4 bundles of black coloured fiber-like structures appear. There are gaps in their outer sheath and it is seen to be an incomplete or interuppted cylinder. Radial clefts or fissures, extending through the thickness of the sheath are also visible. What is the name of the described structures? [blank_start]Myelinated nerve fibers[blank_end]
Answer
  • Myelinated nerve fibers