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Histology- Connective Tissue PMU 1st Year

Description

Connective tissue mcq for histology No randomisation Ansers can be viewed during quiz
Med Student
Quiz by Med Student , updated more than 1 year ago More Less
Sole C
Created by Sole C over 6 years ago
Med Student
Copied by Med Student over 6 years ago
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10

Resource summary

Question 1

Question
The connective tissue lines the body cavities
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 2

Question
Osteoclasts are multinucleated, gaint cells that are involved in the reabsorption of bone matrix
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 3

Question
The cartilage cells are arranged in groups that are referred to as a cell nest or isogenous group.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 4

Question
Mast cells are recognized to adipose connective tissue.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 5

Question
Macrophages are thought to arise from the monocytes
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 6

Question
Osteoclasts are actively dividing cells, capable of collagen precursor synthesis.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 7

Question
Connective tissue differs from epithelium by the presence of abundant intercellular material or matrix.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 8

Question
The direct (membranous) osteogenesis is peculiar to the long bones
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 9

Question
The elastic fibers are not arranged in bundles, they are seen as long, thing threads forming meshwork.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 10

Question
The hyaline cartilage could be replaced by bone.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 11

Question
The Unilocular type of fat cells (adipocytes) are found in brown adipose tissue.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 12

Question
Collagen fibers are formed by the fibroblasts.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 13

Question
Reticular connective tissue is found in the lymphoid organs
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 14

Question
The osteocytes in the bone are arranged in isogenic groups
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 15

Question
The connective tissue derives from:
Answer
  • Ectoblast
  • Endoblast
  • Mesoblast
  • Mesenchyme

Question 16

Question
The mast cells arise from:
Answer
  • Basophil granulocytes
  • Monocytes
  • Fat cells (Adipocytes)
  • Lymphocytes

Question 17

Question
Which of the following is specific for the osteoblast
Answer
  • Elaborates bone matrix
  • Destroys bone matrix
  • Produces blood cells
  • Destroys blood vessls

Question 18

Question
The metachromatic straining reaction of the hyaline cartilage ground substance is due to:
Answer
  • Well developed rough-surfaced endoplasmic reticulum (rER)
  • Numerous free ribesomes
  • Presence of proteoglycans
  • Presence of numerous lipid droplets

Question 19

Question
Which of the following is specific staining for the collagenous fibers
Answer
  • Hematoxylin-eosin
  • Silver impregnation
  • by Van Gieson method
  • Orecin

Question 20

Question
The nutrition of the cartilage is through
Answer
  • Blood vessels in the cartilage
  • Diffusion from blood vessels in the perichondrium
  • Blood vessels in the underlying loose connective tissue blood vessels in the blood matrix
  • Blood vessels in the blood matrix

Question 21

Question
The multilocular type of fat cells (Adipocytes) are found in:
Answer
  • White adipose tissue
  • Brown adipose tissue
  • Hyaline Cartilage
  • Blood tissue

Question 22

Question
The orecin staining is specific for visualization of the:
Answer
  • Collagenous fibers
  • Reticular fibers
  • Elastic fibers
  • Neurofibrils

Question 23

Question
The silver impregnation is specific for visualization of the:
Answer
  • Collagenous fibers
  • Reticular fibers
  • Elastic fibers
  • Myofibrils

Question 24

Question
The indirect (endochondral) type of osteogenesis is specific for:
Answer
  • Plane bones
  • Long bones
  • Dentine
  • All types of bones

Question 25

Question
The unilocular type of fat cells (adipocytes) are found in:
Answer
  • White adipose tissue
  • Brown adipose tissue
  • Smooth muscle tissue
  • Epithelial tissue

Question 26

Question
This of the following is specific for the osteoclast:
Answer
  • Elaborates bone matrix
  • Destroys bone matrix
  • Produces blood cells
  • Produces fibers

Question 27

Question
The osteoclast arises from
Answer
  • Osteoblast
  • Basophilic granulocytes
  • Fusion of monocytes
  • Eosinophil granulocytes

Question 28

Question
The metachromatic staining reaction of the mast cells is due to:
Answer
  • Well developed rough-surfaced endoplasmic reticulum (rER)
  • Numerous free ribesomes
  • Granules containing proteoglycans
  • Numerous lipid droplets

Question 29

Question
This of the following is specific staining for the elastic cartilage
Answer
  • Hematoxylin-eosin
  • By Azan
  • Silver impregnation
  • Orecin

Question 30

Question
The reaction by Van Gieson is specific for:
Answer
  • Elastic fibers
  • Adipose tissue
  • Collagenous fibers
  • Mast cells

Question 31

Question
In functional aspect the plasma cells are associated with:
Answer
  • Phagocytosis
  • Clotting mechanisms
  • Allergic reactions
  • Production of antibodies

Question 32

Question
The mast cells take part in:
Answer
  • Process of phagocytosis
  • Formation of adipose tissue
  • Allergic reactions
  • Collagen production

Question 33

Question
The multilocular type of fat cells (adipocytes) are found in:
Answer
  • White adipose tissue
  • Brown adipose tissue
  • Loose connective tissue
  • Bones

Question 34

Question
This of the following is found in the immature bone matrix:
Answer
  • Lamellae of collagenous fibers
  • Collagenous fibers arranged in meshwork
  • Osteones
  • Cells arranged in isogenous groups

Question 35

Question
Which are the most specific features of the mast cells:
Answer
  • Well developed rough-surfaced endoplasmic reticulum (rER)
  • Granules with metachromatic staining reaction
  • Arise from the basophil granulocytes
  • Their cytoplasm is filled with lipid droplets
  • Contain histamine, serotonin, heparin-like substance

Question 36

Question
Which are the most specific features of the plasma cells:
Answer
  • Well developed rough-surfaced endoplasmic reticulum (rER) with arranged in concentric manner cisternae
  • Scanty cytoplasm
  • Eccentric nucleus with heterochromatic having a "cartwheel" appearance
  • Well developed Golgi apparatus
  • Granules with histamine, serotonin, heparin-like substance

Question 37

Question
What of the following is specific for the hyaline cartilage:
Answer
  • Metachromatic stained intercellular matrix
  • Isogenous groups of 1 - 2 chondrocytes
  • Replacing by bone
  • Numerous elastic fibers
  • Isogenous groups of great number of chrondrocytes

Question 38

Question
Which are the most specific features of the fibroblasts:
Answer
  • Well developed rough-surfaced endoplasmic reticulum (rER)
  • Basophilic stained cytoplasm
  • Eccentric nucleus with hetrochromatin having a "cartwheel" appearence
  • Spindle or star-shaped
  • Granules with histamine, serotonin and heparin-like substance

Question 39

Question
What of the following staining are specific for the elastic fibers:
Answer
  • Hematoxylin-eosin
  • Silver impregnation
  • Orcein
  • By Azan
  • By Van Gieson

Question 40

Question
The hyaline cartilage is found in:
Answer
  • Respiratory system
  • Articular cartilage
  • Ribs
  • External ear
  • Larynx

Question 41

Question
Which of the following cells are specific for the loose connective tissue
Answer
  • Fibroblast
  • Fibroclasts
  • Chondrocytes
  • Myoepithelial cells
  • Macrophages

Question 42

Question
This of the following is specific for the osteoblasts
Answer
  • Elaborate bone matrix
  • Destroy bone matrix (osteolysis)
  • Basophilic stained cytoplasm
  • Arise from mesenchyme
  • Participate in osteone formation

Question 43

Question
Which of the following types of connective tissue posses rigid inter-cellular substance
Answer
  • Osseous tissue (bones)
  • Cartilage
  • Loose connective tissue
  • Dentin
  • Mucous connective tissue

Question 44

Question
The osteone consists of:
Answer
  • Osteoblasts
  • Osteocytes
  • Bone lamella
  • Osteoclasts
  • Isogenous groups of chondrocytes

Question 45

Question
This of the following is specific for the elastic cartilage:
Answer
  • Metachromatic staining of the inter-cellular substance
  • Isogenous groups of 1 - 2 chondrocytes
  • Numerous collagenous fibers
  • Numerous elastic fibers
  • Specific staining with orcein

Question 46

Question
This of the following is specific for the osteoclast
Answer
  • Elaborates bone matrix
  • Destroys bone matrix (osteolysis)
  • Contains neurofilaments
  • Arises by fusion of monocytes
  • Contains numerous lysosomes

Question 47

Question
What of the following is specific for the unilocular fat cells (adipocytes)
Answer
  • Are component of the white adipose tissue
  • Are component of the brown adipose tissue
  • Contain numerous lipid droplets
  • Contain a single lipid droplet
  • Contain thin rim of cytoplasm with flattened eccentric nucleus

Question 48

Question
This of the following is specific for the reticular connective tissue:
Answer
  • Presence of osteocytes
  • Presence of reticular cells
  • Replacing by bone
  • Presence of reticular fibers
  • Is found in the lymphoid organs

Question 49

Question
This of the following is specific for the loose connective tissue:
Answer
  • Is found as packing between the body structures
  • Is very rich of blood capillaries and nerve fibers
  • Develops from the ectoderm
  • Presence of abundant intercellular material (matrix)
  • Its cells are arranged in layers

Question 50

Question
Which of the following features are specific for the elastic fibers?
Answer
  • Made by protein elastin
  • Stained with orcein
  • located in the walls of aorta and largest arteries
  • on boiling- converted to gelatin
  • build muscle tendons

Question 51

Question
Link the fibers and the corresponding staining: A. collagenous fibers [blank_start]3[blank_end] B. elastic fibers [blank_start]1[blank_end] C. reticular fibers [blank_start]2[blank_end] 1. orcein 2. silver impregnation 3. eosin
Answer
  • 3
  • 1
  • 2
  • 1
  • 2
  • 3
  • 2
  • 1
  • 3

Question 52

Question
Link the connective tissue cells and the corresponding features: A. plasma cells [blank_start]2[blank_end] B. macrophages [blank_start]1[blank_end] C. mast cells [blank_start]3[blank_end] 1. presence of numerous lysosomes 2. eccentric nucleus with heterochromatin having a “cartwheel” appearance 3. granules with histamine, serotonin and heparin-like substance
Answer
  • 2
  • 1
  • 3
  • 1
  • 2
  • 3
  • 3
  • 1
  • 2

Question 53

Question
By light microscopic observation of paraffin section stained with hematoxylin-eosin, a cartilage with metachromatic stained intercellular substance and isogenous groups of 3-5 cells localized in lacunae is found. What type of cartilage is this? Answers: [blank_start]Hyaline Cartilage[blank_end]
Answer
  • Hyaline Cartilage

Question 54

Question
Electron microscopic observation reveals multinucleated bone cell with numerous lysosomes and microvilli on the surface. What is the name of the described cell? Answer: [blank_start]Osteoclast[blank_end]
Answer
  • Osteoclast

Question 55

Question
By light microscopic observation of paraffin section stain with methylene blue, cells with numerous metachromatic granules in their cytoplasm are found. What is the name of the described cells? Answer: [blank_start]Mast[blank_end] cell
Answer
  • Mast
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