Univ. of MS- M. Reysen- Psy 320 Unit 3

Sadavis7
Quiz by Sadavis7, updated more than 1 year ago
Sadavis7
Created by Sadavis7 almost 7 years ago
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Questions that I created based off the notes

Resource summary

Question 1

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What is the scientific study of behavior and mind?
Answer
  • psychology
  • philosophy
  • religion
  • phonology

Question 2

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Psychology was formed through a synthesis of ideas from philosophy and sociology.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 3

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The debated that states either we are born with certain knowledge or we have to learn everything is the _______.
Answer
  • mind-body problem
  • nature-nurture question
  • functionalism vs structuralism

Question 4

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An early technique used by William Wundt to study the mind. It required people to look inward and describe their own experiences.
Answer
  • Structuralism
  • Functionalism
  • Systematic (analytical) Introspection

Question 5

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Structuralism states that everything in consciousness can be broken down into _________ and _________.
Answer
  • thoughts and desires
  • desires and feelings
  • sensations and thoughts
  • sensations and feelings

Question 6

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Idea that seeks to understand the processes rather than the content of thought. It attempts to understand a mental process by determining what problem in the environment it helps solve. (Ex: Hunger, fear, jealousy)
Answer
  • Structuralism
  • Functionalism
  • Psychoanalysis
  • Behaviorism

Question 7

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Theory or idea that emphasized the influence of the unconscious mind on behavior.
Answer
  • Psychoanalysis
  • Behaviorism
  • Structuralism
  • Functionalism

Question 8

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Sigmund Freud believed.....
Answer
  • that the conscious and unconscious mind must be analyzed before effective treatments can begin, that dreams offer insight into the unconscious world, and that many behaviors are a result of unconscious motivations
  • that the mind should not be studied, that you can only observe behaviors, and that the mind and body are not connected
  • that the mind and body are the same, that we are born with certain knowledge, and that experience affects brain development

Question 9

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Childhood experiences play a larger role later in life. Experience affects brain development.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 10

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Functionalism states that the mind should not be studied. The only thing that can be studied is observable behaviors.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 11

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When you stop responding to an event that has become familiar. (Ex: The tornado sirens that go off every Wednesday at 12pm)
Answer
  • Habituation
  • Sensitization
  • First Person Shooter Syndrome

Question 12

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When you respond more often to an intense event that has been repeated. (Ex: when you don't feel a cut until you see it then it starts to hurt)
Answer
  • sensitization
  • habituation
  • first person shooter syndrome

Question 13

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A procedure in which paring in a neutral stimulus with a stimulus that elicits a response causes the neutral stimulus to elicit that response.
Answer
  • classical conditioning
  • operant conditioning
  • one-trial conditioning

Question 14

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The gradual weakening and disappearance of conditioned behavior. (ex: Little Albert reversal)
Answer
  • Extinction
  • Spontaneous Recovery
  • One-trial Conditioning
  • Taste Aversion

Question 15

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Pavlov's Dog Experiment: 1. Before Conditioning- the food is the unconditioned stimulus and the dog's salivation is the unconditioned response. 2. Before conditioning- tuning fork is the neutral stimulus which causes the no conditioned response from the dog. 3. During Conditioning- the tuning for and the food is presented and causes the unconditioned response. 4. After Conditioning- the turning fork is now the conditioned stimulus and is presented to cause the conditioned response (salivation).
Answer
  • Classical Conditioning
  • Operant Conditioning

Question 16

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The reappearance of a previously extinguished conditioned response without exposure to the conditioned stimulus.
Answer
  • Spontaneous recovery
  • One- Trial Conditioning
  • Taste Aversion

Question 17

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When one pairing of a conditioned stimulus and unconditioned stimulus produces considerable learning.
Answer
  • Classical Conditioning
  • Operant Conditioning
  • One- Trial Conditioning

Question 18

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A Conditioned dislike for a particular food or drink that develops when you get ill from consuming it.
Answer
  • Taste Aversion
  • Conditioned Aversion
  • Extinction

Question 19

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Changing the probability that a response will occur by manipulating that consequences of the response.
Answer
  • Instrumental Conditioning
  • Operant Conditioning
  • Classical Conditioning

Question 20

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Eliminating Phobias
Answer
  • Systematic Desensitization
  • Extinction
  • Shaping

Question 21

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Selectively reinforcing successively closer approximations of a target behavior.
Answer
  • Shaping
  • Classical Conditioning
  • Targeting
  • Reinforcement Learning

Question 22

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Learning that occurs through observing the behavior of others
Answer
  • Observational Learning
  • Instructional Learning
  • Characteristic Learning

Question 23

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The example of 4 year olds, Bobo Dolls, and aggression is an example of
Answer
  • Observational Learning
  • Reactivity
  • Shaping

Question 24

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Reasonableness: does the information “make sense” given the facts-- and -- Authority: accepting information from a credible source-- are both
Answer
  • ways of gathering data
  • ways of knowing if information is believable
  • ways to determine accuracy of a book

Question 25

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Way of gathering data where the researcher unobtrusively observes subjects in their natural environment.
Answer
  • participant observation
  • observational learning
  • naturalistic observation

Question 26

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Way of gathering data where the researcher observes behavior while participating in the situation
Answer
  • Reactive Observation
  • Observational Learning
  • Participant Observation

Question 27

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Refers to how much an individual's behavior is changed as a result of being observed.
Answer
  • reactivity
  • selectivity

Question 28

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Explores if the experiences of the research study are truly representative of others
Answer
  • External Validity
  • Reasonableness
  • Authority

Question 29

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When two variables move in opposite directions (one goes up and one goes down) it is said to have a positive correlation
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 30

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When no systematic relationship exists between two variables
Answer
  • Zero Correlation
  • Negative Correlation
  • Positive Correlation

Question 31

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Comparing two preexisting groups
Answer
  • differential research
  • experimental research
  • Comparison research

Question 32

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manipulating some aspect of the environment to observe the effect of the manipulation on behavior
Answer
  • experimental research
  • differential research
  • manipulative research

Question 33

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What is manipulated in an experiment. must have at least two conditions
Answer
  • independent variable
  • dependent variable
  • subject variable
  • behavioral variable

Question 34

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behavior that is observed or measured in an experiment
Answer
  • behavioral variable
  • dependent variable
  • independent variable
  • extraneous variable

Question 35

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observable responses
Answer
  • behavioral variable
  • subject variable
  • stimulus variable
  • dependent variable

Question 36

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things that could affect an organism's response
Answer
  • stimulus variable
  • subject variable
  • behavioral variable

Question 37

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characteristics of the participant
Answer
  • subject variables
  • behavioral variables
  • independent variable
  • stimulus variable

Question 38

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variable that is not controlled that could affect the dependent variable
Answer
  • extraneous variable
  • stimulus variable
  • subject variable
  • independent variable

Question 39

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Study of the mind and mental processes
Answer
  • cognitive psychology
  • psychology
  • physiology
  • philosophy

Question 40

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Finding a location in the brain that supports a particular cognitive process or function
Answer
  • localization
  • sensing
  • neuroscience

Question 41

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the conversion of physical energy into the neural codes recognized by the brain
Answer
  • visual perception
  • sensing
  • projection

Question 42

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an internal representation of the object is formed and a percept of the external stimulus is developed
Answer
  • perceiving
  • sensing
  • projection

Question 43

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Occurs because the world is 3D but our retinal image is 2D
Answer
  • inverse projection problem
  • 3D perceptive problem
  • sensing problem

Question 44

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a retinal image can change dramatically but we still perceive the same thing
Answer
  • perceptual constancies
  • depth perception
  • relative size

Question 45

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involves using visual cues to perceive the distance of objects
Answer
  • perceptual constancies
  • depth perception
  • relative size

Question 46

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if an image of one object is bigger than another object it appears closer
Answer
  • perceptual constancies
  • relative size
  • occlusion

Question 47

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when one object is blocked by another object , the blocked object is perceived as being further away
Answer
  • occlusion
  • relative size
  • atmospheric perspective

Question 48

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far away objects often appear hazy or slightly blurred
Answer
  • occlusion
  • linear perspective
  • atmospheric perspective

Question 49

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parallel lines seem to meet in the distance
Answer
  • linear perspective
  • atmospheric perspective
  • depth perception
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