Quiz 1c

Stephanie Moore
Quiz by Stephanie Moore, updated more than 1 year ago
Stephanie Moore
Created by Stephanie Moore about 2 years ago
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Description

Weeks 06-08

Resource summary

Question 1

Question
A person with spatial neglect is more likely to notice an object placed in the left hand if ____.
Answer
  • They cross their left hand over to the right side of their body.
  • You touch their right hand
  • They look to the right
  • They cross their right hand over to the left side of their body

Question 2

Question
Alzheimer's leads to the accumulation of ____ in the brain.
Answer
  • Serotonin
  • Amyloid deposits
  • Glucose
  • Arachnoid acid

Question 3

Question
Compared to young adults, aging adults with poor working memory have ___ activity in the prefrontal cortex, and aging adults with intact working memory have ___ activity in the prefrontal cortex.
Answer
  • Decreased; increased
  • Increased; decreased
  • Increased; increased
  • Decreased; decreased

Question 4

Question
Conductive deafness is also known as ___.
Answer
  • Outer ear deafness
  • Middle ear deafness
  • Inner ear deafness
  • Nerve deafness

Question 5

Question
Damage to just one optic nerve after it had crossed in the optic chiasm would result in loss of vision in the ___.
Answer
  • Ipsilateral eye
  • Ipsilateral visual field
  • Contralateral visual field
  • Contralateral eye

Question 6

Question
Each spinal nerve has:
Answer
  • Both a sensory and a motor component
  • Connections to most parts of the body
  • Either a sensory or a motor component
  • Connections to each of the major internal organs

Question 7

Question
Humans localise low frequencies by ___ differences and high frequencies by ___ differences.
Answer
  • Phase; loudness/sound shadow
  • Autonomic; peripheral
  • Timing; phase
  • Loudness/sound shadow; phase

Question 8

Question
A condition in which brain neurons have repeated episodes of excessive, synchronised activity is called:
Answer
  • dyslexia
  • hippocampal commisure
  • epilepsy
  • Broca's aphasia

Question 9

Question
Lateralisation refers to the:
Answer
  • Physical changes that occur in neurons as learning takes place
  • Formation of the sulci and gyri in the cortex
  • Slow rate of maturation in forebrain structures
  • Functional asymmetries of the brain

Question 10

Question
Nearly simultaneous stimulation by two or more axons produces LTP, whereas stimulation by just one produces it weakly, if at all. This is known as the property of:
Answer
  • LTD
  • Cooperativity
  • Associativity
  • Specificity

Question 11

Question
Operant conditioning is to ___ as classical conditioning is to ___.
Answer
  • Consequences; association
  • Reinforcement; punishment
  • Association; consequences
  • CS; UCS

Question 12

Question
Pavlov presented a sound followed by meat in his experiments. Gradually the sound came to elicit salivation. The sound in this experiment would be considered the ____.
Answer
  • Conditioned response
  • Conditioned stimulus
  • Unconditioned response
  • Unconditioned stimulus

Question 13

Question
People with damage in the anterior and inferior regions of the temporal lobe may suffer from ____.
Answer
  • Cingulate dementia
  • Semantic dementia
  • Lexical dementia
  • Implicit dementia

Question 14

Question
The tympanic membrane vibrates at:
Answer
  • a constant frequency regardless of the frequency of the sound
  • half the frequency of the sound waves that hit it
  • the same frequency as the sound waves that hit it
  • a much higher frequency than the sound waves that hit it

Question 15

Question
Preventing learning is to ____ as suppressing a response is to ____.
Answer
  • The lateral interpositus nucleus; the red nucleus
  • Operant conditioning; classical conditioning
  • The red nucleus; the lateral interpositus nucleus
  • Classical conditioning; operant conditioning

Question 16

Question
Reduced response to one taste after exposure to another is referred to as ___.
Answer
  • PTC
  • Cross-adaptation
  • Umami
  • Adaptation

Question 17

Question
Retrograde amnesia is to ____ as anterograde amnesia is to ____.
Answer
  • Temporary loss of memory; permanent loss of memory
  • Loss of short-term memory; loss of long-term memory
  • Loss of memory for old events; inability to form new memories
  • Inability to form new memories; loss of memory for old events

Question 18

Question
Retrograde transmitters ___.
Answer
  • Are released by the postsynaptic cell
  • Inhibit the postsynaptic cell
  • Are broken down before they are released
  • Are produced in the axon terminals

Question 19

Question
Someone suffering from Wernicke’s aphasia has difficulty:
Answer
  • Reading aloud
  • Remembering where objects are
  • Articulating speech
  • Understanding speech

Question 20

Question
Someone with Broca’s aphasia has the greatest difficulty:
Answer
  • Understanding spoken language
  • Understanding written language
  • Speaking
  • Remembering the names of objects

Question 21

Question
The strongest evidence for a critical period for human language development is the:
Answer
  • Exceptional language abilities of children with Williams syndrome
  • Difficulty deaf children have learning sign language if they start late
  • Different lateralization of first language and second language
  • Differences in language between Broca's aphasia and Wernicke's aphasia

Question 22

Question
The taste nerves initially project to the:
Answer
  • Hypothalamus
  • Nucleus of the tractus solitarius
  • Cerebral cortex
  • Orbital prefrontal cortex

Question 23

Question
People with William's Syndrome:
Answer
  • show better memory after a delay than they show immediately after an event has occurred
  • can write, but can't read back what they've just written
  • present with intellectual impairment during childhood but then typical development during adulthood
  • have generally intact language skills and vocabulary development, but poor spatial skills

Question 24

Question
Visual imagery is to ___ as auditory imagery is to ___.
Answer
  • Area MT; A1
  • V1; A1
  • V1; V1
  • A1; A1

Question 25

Question
What is unusual about olfactory receptors compared to most other mammalian neurons?
Answer
  • They have more than one axon each
  • They have no axons
  • They use more than one neurotransmitter
  • They are replaceable when old neurons die

Question 26

Question
What memory task would a typical patient with Korsakoff’s syndrome be able to do without difficulty?
Answer
  • Recall the temporal order of recent events
  • An implicit memory task
  • An explicit memory task
  • Remember someone he or she met in the past week

Question 27

Question
Where is the basilar membrane most sensitive to the vibrations of very high-frequency sound waves?
Answer
  • Closest to the oval window
  • At the apex, farthest from the oval window
  • About halfway between the oval window and the apex
  • It is equally sensitive across the entire membrane

Question 28

Question
Which of the following are presented in the correct order when describing some of the structures that sound waves travel through as they pass from the outer ear to the inner ear?
Answer
  • Tympanic membrane, pinna, cochlea
  • Malleus, tympanic membrane, oval window, pinna
  • Pinna, stapes, eardrum
  • Pinna, tympanic membrane, oval window, cochlea

Question 29

Question
Which of the following is more likely to be present in people with dyslexia?
Answer
  • Larger than normal corpus callosum
  • Stuttering
  • Weak eye muscles
  • Bilateral symmetry in the cortex

Question 30

Question
Which of the following tasks would split-brain patients be able to perform better than other people?
Answer
  • Completing an intelligence test
  • Tying their shoes
  • Unfamiliar tasks
  • Using both hands simultaneously to draw separate shapes
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