Functionalist perspective on crime and deviance - SUMMARY

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Quiz by N.A, updated more than 1 year ago
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Created by N.A almost 6 years ago
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Description

A quick quiz on the functionalist perspective of crime and deviance.
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Resource summary

Question 1

Question
The Functionalist perspective of crime and deviance is:
Answer
  • Functionalists believe that crime is functional and necessary for society as it helps caution society about the costs vs benefits of committing crime; it also helps caution society to refrain from being victimised.
  • Functionalists believe that crime is not necessary for society to work effectively - it doesn't caution people about the costs vs benefits of committing crime - it encourages people to be victimised, as a victim of crime.

Question 2

Question
Who developed the term 'anomie'?
Answer
  • Miller
  • Merton
  • Durkheim

Question 3

Question
Define 'anomie'?
Answer
  • Where people find themselves committing crime.
  • Social instability resulting from a breakdown of standards and values - Normlessness.

Question 4

Question
Durkheim's theory was:
Answer
  • Crime is inevitable therefore it is necessary for society to function effectively otherwise, it will lead to a state of 'anomie'.
  • The strain theory explains the relationship between shared goals, means and values within society.
  • The five 'bonds of attachment' explain why people do not commit crime.
  • 'Focal concerns' = men obsess themselves with hegemony and aggression which leads them to commit crime.

Question 5

Question
Merton's theory was:
Answer
  • Crime is inevitable therefore it is necessary for society to function effectively otherwise, it will lead to a state of 'anomie'.
  • The strain theory explains the relationship between shared goals, means and values within society.
  • The five 'bonds of attachment' explain why people do not commit crime.
  • 'Focal concerns' = men obsess themselves with hegemony and aggression which leads them to commit crime.

Question 6

Question
Hirschi's theory was:
Answer
  • Crime is inevitable therefore it is necessary for society to function effectively otherwise, it will lead to a state of anomie.The strain theory explains the relationship between shared goals, means and values within society.
  • The strain theory explains the relationship between shared goals, means and values within society.
  • The five 'bonds of attachment' explain why people do not commit crime.
  • 'Focal concerns' = men obsess themselves with hegemony and aggression which leads them to commit crime.

Question 7

Question
Miller's theory was:
Answer
  • Crime is inevitable therefore it is necessary for society to function effectively otherwise, it will lead to a state of anomie.
  • The strain theory explains the relationship between shared goals, means and values within society.
  • The five 'bonds of attachment' explain why people do not commit crime.
  • 'Focal concerns' = men obsess themselves with hegemony and aggression which leads them to commit crime.

Question 8

Question
Which is the Marxist critique of the functionalist view on crime?
Answer
  • In terms of rape, it is good as it cautions females about not wearing short, revealing clothes whilst walking alone in a dark alleyway late at night BUT...it is not a good experience for females.
  • Functionalism does not explain 'what' causes people to commit crime and 'why'.
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