LS100: Chapter 3 Practice Quiz

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Quiz on LS100: Chapter 3 Practice Quiz, created by cnolan9172 on 02/14/2015.

Resource summary

Question 1

Question
The federal court system consists of the following: trial courts (primarily the U.S. district courts, but also various specialized courts), appellate courts (U.S. courts of appeals), and one Supreme Court.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 2

Question
Original jurisdiction: (Check all that apply)
Answer
  • means the power to hear and determine the case first
  • given to the Supreme Court
  • District courts have original jurisdiction.
  • Trial courts do not have original jurisdiction.

Question 3

Question
What are some of the things that take place at a trial? (Check all that apply)
Answer
  • parties resolve their disputes
  • the parties present evidence supporting their position
  • judge rules on all legal issues that arise during the trial.
  • recorded statements of experts are taken in preparation of litigation

Question 4

Question
A judge always makes the decisions in a trial.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 5

Question
What are the two steps involved in resolving a dispute in a trial court? Check two.
Answer
  • The court must determine the facts of the dispute.
  • The court must issue punishment.
  • The court must apply the appropriate law to the facts.
  • The court must seek outside analysis from an expert witness on its own.
  • The court picks the attorney who is the most ethical when determining how to resolve the dispute.

Question 6

Question
Who can be a trier of fact in a trial court? (Check all that apply)
Answer
  • The plaintiff
  • The judge
  • The defendent
  • The public
  • The jury
  • The attorneys

Question 7

Question
In criminal cases, federal jurisdiction exists when the crime is a violation of federal law.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 8

Question
In civil cases, federal jurisdiction only occurs when the dispute revolves around the U.S. Constitution.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 9

Question
Diversity of citizenship (check all that apply): A basis for federal court jurisdiction where the plaintiff and defendant are residents of different states and the amount in controversy exceeds $75,000.
Answer
  • is a basis for federal court jurisdiction.
  • is against the law
  • occurrs when the plaintiff and defendant are residents of different states
  • requires that the amount in controversy exceed $75,000
  • requires citizenship to live in the U.S.

Question 10

Question
Thirteen federal jurisdictions make up the intermediate appellate level of the federal court system and the United States is divided into twelve separate geographical appellate areas, called circuits.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 11

Question
Any court can hear appeals in patent, copyright, and trademark cases, as well as all appeals from the U.S. Claims Court and the U.S. Court of International Trade.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 12

Question
En banc relates to a case that involves a financial institution.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 13

Question
Check all of the answers that apply to the appellate process!
Answer
  • The appellate court is the first to hear a case.
  • An appellate court is a court of review.
  • The purpose of appellate review is to guarantee that parties receive a fair trial.
  • The appellate judges review the case to see if they agree with the outcome at the trial court.
  • The appellate judges review what happened at the trial court to make sure that the trial was fair.

Question 14

Question
When there is an appeal, what needs to be prepared? (Check all that apply)
Answer
  • Transcripts of trial court proceedings.
  • Additional testimony.
  • New evidence
  • appellate briefs

Question 15

Question
In exercising its appellate jurisdiction, the court examines the record to determine whether any substantial legal errors were committed that denied the appealing party (the appellant) a fair trial. What are some examples of legal errors?
Answer
  • erroneously admitted or excluded evidence
  • unfavorable testimony to either side
  • improper jury instructions
  • friendship between attorneys on both sides

Question 16

Question
In reviewing a case, the appellate court can affirm or uphold the trial court’s decision and it can reverse, or change, the trial court’s decision. It can also reverse and remand.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 17

Question
The Supreme Court has 7 justices and two alternates, in addition to a Chief Justice.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 18

Question
The Supreme Court can hear any kind of case--even those that relate to state law only.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 19

Question
Parties desiring a hearing before the Supreme Court usually file a document known as :
Answer
  • en banc
  • petition for writ of certiorari
  • pro se
  • appellate brief
  • appeal notice

Question 20

Question
Technology of any kind is not permitted in any courtroom.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 21

Question
The U.S. Supreme Court is the highest court in the nation and any decision it makes is final.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 22

Question
State court systems are set up differently than the federal court system.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 23

Question
Trial courts are referred to in some states as: (Check all that apply)
Answer
  • superior courts
  • municipal courts
  • lower court
  • circuit court
  • kangaroo court
  • city court
  • surrogate court
  • supreme court
  • magistrate court

Question 24

Question
Federal court judges are elected by the people.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 25

Question
Magistrates are appointed by the judges of the district court and must possess the qualifications to serve as a judge.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 26

Question
State court judges are installed in the same way as federal court judges.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 27

Question
Court personnel include: (Check all that apply)
Answer
  • Court clerk
  • plaintiff
  • court reporter
  • bailiff

Question 28

Question
What are the requirements for becoming a licensed attorney? (Check all that apply)
Answer
  • Must pass a state bar examination
  • Must pay $10,000 to the court
  • Must be licensed in the state in which they wish to practice law
  • Must have completed a four-year bachelor’s degree program followed by a three-year law school program.
  • All states now require licensed attorneys to regularly complete a certain number of hours of continuing education in order to maintain their license to practice law.

Question 29

Question
An attorney can work in
Answer
  • as a Law firm partner
  • the Prosecutor's office
  • the office of the Public defender
  • legal departments of corporations or insurance companies
  • all of the above

Question 30

Question
Paralegals can give legal advice.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 31

Question
A hearing before an administrative agency regarding a dispute between an individual and the agency is called an administrative hearing.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 32

Question
What are some common professional organizations for the various members of the legal community?
Answer
  • American Bar Association
  • State Bar associations
  • Local Bar associations
  • American Trial Lawyers Association
  • National Association of Legal Assistants (NALA)
  • National Federation of Paralegal Associations (NFPA)
  • all of the above

Question 33

Question
The conduct of a judge is not regulated.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 34

Question
What kind of relationship exists between client and attorney?
Answer
  • fiduciary
  • moral
  • exclusive
  • friendship

Question 35

Question
What are some possible ethics sanctions for an attorney who fails to adhere to their state code of ethics? (Check all that apply)
Answer
  • Disbarment
  • Jail time
  • reprimand
  • suspension

Question 36

Question
A paralegal does not have to abide by the rules of ethics because they are not licensed by the state.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 37

Question
Lawyers have the discretion as to what client information they wish to keep confidential.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 38

Question
Competency requires that attorneys have the requisite legal knowledge to handle a case.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 39

Question
A conflict of interest occurs when the attorney cannot give all of his or her loyalty to the client because of some personal or financial relationship that exists.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 40

Question
An attorney can set up his/her bank accounts in any way they wish.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 41

Question
What are some tasks that would constitute the unauthorized practice of law if performed by a paralegal? (Check all that apply)
Answer
  • Appearing in court on behalf of a client
  • Giving legal advice
  • Giving legal information
  • Giving personal advice
  • signing pleadings for court filings
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