Biology 113, Unit Four Exam

Selah Lowery
Quiz by Selah Lowery, updated 9 months ago
Selah Lowery
Created by Selah Lowery 9 months ago
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Description

These questions are directly copied from the chapters 16-19 quizzes. Good luck on the final exam!

Resource summary

Question 1

Question
Pollen is received by the
Answer
  • stigma.
  • style.
  • ovary.
  • carpel.

Question 2

Question
The parts of the pistil are the
Answer
  • anther and filament.
  • stigmas, style, and ovary.
  • petals and sepals.
  • calyx and corolla.

Question 3

Question
Some tropical plants have anthers that--
Answer
  • look like modified leaves with imbedded sporangia.
  • are exactly like microsporangia of cycads.
  • are modified gametes.
  • are modified megasporangia.

Question 4

Question
The corolla is composed of
Answer
  • petals.
  • sepals.
  • stamens.
  • carpels.

Question 5

Question
Flowers are--
Answer
  • modified roots.
  • modified stems.
  • modified gametophytes.
  • modified internodes.

Question 6

Question
Fertilization in angiosperms require--
Answer
  • one sperm.
  • two sperm, one of which degenerates.
  • two sperm, one of which fuses with the endosperm nuclei
  • many sperm.

Question 7

Question
The flower part are attached to a part of the flower stalk called the--
Answer
  • receptacle.
  • pedicle.
  • pistil.
  • filament.

Question 8

Question
Fruits can develop from--
Answer
  • carpels.
  • pedicles.
  • carples or pedicles.

Question 9

Question
Which of the following lists the parts of the flower in order from the outside to the inside?
Answer
  • Sepals, petals, anthers, pistils
  • Petals, sepals, anthers, pistils
  • Sepals, petals, pistils, anthers
  • Petals, sepals, pistils, anthers

Question 10

Question
Angiosperms differ from most other land plants in that they have--
Answer
  • double fertilization.
  • vascular tissue.
  • carpels.

Question 11

Question
Angiosperms are--
Answer
  • the most diverse group of plants.
  • less diverse than gymnosperms.
  • all land plants.
  • all have conspicuous flowers.

Question 12

Question
The pollen generative cell divides to produce--
Answer
  • a sperm nucleus.
  • a tube nucleus.
  • two sperm nuclei.
  • two tube nuclei.

Question 13

Question
Carpels are most likely--
Answer
  • modified megasporophylls.
  • modified microsporophylls.

Question 14

Question
The calyx is composed of--
Answer
  • petals.
  • sepals.
  • stamens.
  • carpels.

Question 15

Question
Zamia belongs to the--
Answer
  • ginkophyta.
  • cycadophyta.
  • coniferophyta.
  • gnetophyta.

Question 16

Question
In pines, the male gametophyte takes a few [blank] to fertilize the egg of the female gametophyte.
Answer
  • hours
  • minutes
  • months

Question 17

Question
All seed plants are--
Answer
  • heterosporous.
  • homosporous.
  • monoecious.
  • dioecious.

Question 18

Question
Which generation is the dominate generation in gymnosperms?
Answer
  • Sporophyte
  • Gametophyte

Question 19

Question
Which of the following is an evolutionary advantage of seeds?
Answer
  • Seeds provide food for the developing sporophyte.
  • Seeds provide protection.
  • Seeds allow for delayed germination until conditions are favorable.

Question 20

Question
Pollen grains are reduced--
Answer
  • sporangium.
  • sporophylls.
  • male gametophytes.
  • female gametophytes.

Question 21

Question
The archegonium of pines forms within the--
Answer
  • female gametophyte.
  • pollen tube.
  • microsporangium.

Question 22

Question
Ginko is--
Answer
  • monoecious.
  • dioecious.
  • vegetatively propagated (no sexual reproduction).
  • very sensitive to air pollution.

Question 23

Question
There is adequate redwood and Douglas Fir timber for this century.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 24

Question
The term gymnosperm refers to--
Answer
  • naked seeds.
  • seeds enclosed in a fruit.
  • sperm enclosed in pollen.
  • sperm enclosed in a fruit.

Question 25

Question
Pines belong to--
Answer
  • ginkophyta.
  • cycadophyta.
  • coniferophyta.
  • gnetophyta.

Question 26

Question
Gymnosperms such as pine produce--
Answer
  • vast amounts of pollen.
  • very little pollen.
  • seeds in only a few weeks.
  • pollen in megasporangia.

Question 27

Question
Which of the following belong to Division Pinophyta?
Answer
  • Hemlock
  • Spruce
  • Cypress
  • Ephedra

Question 28

Question
The archegonium contains--
Answer
  • large spores.
  • small spores.
  • eggs.
  • sperm.

Question 29

Question
Sporophylls of club mosses--
Answer
  • bear sporangia on their lower surfaces.
  • are always morphologically distinct from vegetative leaves.
  • are always photosynthetic.
  • can be grouped into strobili.

Question 30

Question
The dominate generation of horsetails is the [blank] generation.
Answer
  • sporophyte
  • gametophyte

Question 31

Question
Spores of homosporus farms--
Answer
  • develop into green gametophytes.
  • only germinate in the dark.
  • develop into sporophytes.
  • develop into fiddleheads.

Question 32

Question
Lycopodium and Selaginella--
Answer
  • are both homosporous.
  • have mycorrhizal fungi in their gametophytes.
  • require water for fertilization.

Question 33

Question
Spores of Lycopodium are homosporous. This means that--
Answer
  • there are two different sizes spores in one plant.
  • spores are all the same size.

Question 34

Question
A megaspore will grow into the--
Answer
  • female gametophyte.
  • male gametophyte.

Question 35

Question
Horsetails can be used for--
Answer
  • feeding livestock.
  • polishing pots and wood.
  • reducing a headache.
  • sterile wound dressing.

Question 36

Question
A sporophyte is a--
Answer
  • modified leaf that bears a sporangium.
  • container for spores.
  • container for gametophytes.

Question 37

Question
The earliest vascular plants appeared in the fossil record about--
Answer
  • 100,000 years ago (last ice age)
  • 100 million years ago (the time of the dinosaurs)
  • 400 million years ago (with the appearance of the first vertebrate fossils)

Question 38

Question
The gametophyte generation is produced by--
Answer
  • meiosis.
  • mitosis.

Question 39

Question
Bryophytes have--
Answer
  • true roots.
  • structures which anchor the to the soil called rhizoids.

Question 40

Question
While most bryophytes grow in wet areas, some have developed tolerance to dry conditions and can survive desiccation.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 41

Question
The sporophyte generation is--
Answer
  • diploid.
  • haploid.

Question 42

Question
Hornworts have archegonia that are--
Answer
  • imbedded in the thallus.
  • born on stalks above the thallus.
  • at the tip of the stem.

Question 43

Question
The moss gametophyte generation is--
Answer
  • haploid.
  • diploid.
  • polyploid.

Question 44

Question
When spores germinate, the developing chains of cells are called--
Answer
  • gametophytes.
  • buds.
  • protonema.

Question 45

Question
Aside from the production of spores, all other cell divisions in the gametophyte and sporophyte generations are produced by mitosis.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 46

Question
The container in which spores are formed is called a(n)--
Answer
  • operculum.
  • sporangium.
  • antheridium.
  • archegonium.

Question 47

Question
The dominate generation of the Marchantia is the [blank] generation.
Answer
  • gametophyte
  • sporophyte

Question 48

Question
The moss mature sporophyte consists of three parts. These are the--
Answer
  • protonema, bud, and moss plant.
  • foot, setae, and capsule.

Question 49

Question
Mosses belong to the division--
Answer
  • Bryophyta.
  • Hepatophyta.
  • Anthocerotophyta.

Question 50

Question
Mosses have--
Answer
  • true xylem and phloem.
  • conducting tissue but not true xylem and phloem.
  • no conducting tissue.

Question 51

Question
In which of the following is the gametophyte generation the dominate generation?
Answer
  • Hornworts
  • Liverworts
  • Mosses

Question 52

Question
As plants moved to land, adaptations to a land environment became necessary. To avoid desiccation, bryophytes developed--
Answer
  • a waxy cuticle.
  • xylem and phloem conducting tissues.
  • stomates to protect against water loss.
  • lignin.
  • conducting tissues that are not true xylem and phloem.

Question 53

Question
Mosses determine sex by--
Answer
  • environmental cues.
  • an X and Y chromosome system.

Question 54

Question
The moss sporophyte obtains nourishment from the--
Answer
  • soil.
  • leaves.
  • gametophyte.

Question 55

Question
Aquatic habitats have advantages over land habits. This includes--
Answer
  • more available light.
  • more available CO2.
  • a constant source of water.
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