LS100: Chapter 7 Practice Quiz

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Quiz by cnolan9172, updated more than 1 year ago
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Question 1

Question
What is a tort?
Answer
  • A kind of cake.
  • A civil wrong.
  • A type of law.
  • A sanction for unethical attorneys.

Question 2

Question
The injury involved in a tort can be a physical injury, emotional distress, or damage to one’s reputation or business. It can also be property damage.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 3

Question
Check all that relate to punitive damages.
Answer
  • Involve jail time.
  • Intended to punish the tortfeasor for the wrongdoing.
  • Are very minimal.
  • Also known as exemplary damages.

Question 4

Question
There are four different types of torts.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 5

Question
What is a cause of action?
Answer
  • The underlying causation of the accident.
  • A legally recognized right to relief or damages.
  • The type of injury suffered by the plaintiff.
  • The action that caused the injury.

Question 6

Question
Check all that apply to intentional torts.
Answer
  • Tort in which the party committing the tort intends to do the act, knowing it will cause an injury.
  • Did not exist at common law.
  • Common law examples include: assault, battery, false imprisonment, defamation, invasion of privacy, intentional infliction of emotional distress, misrepresentation, conversion, and trespass.
  • Statutory examples include: sexual harassment, civil rights violations, and a series of business torts.
  • Are never also considered crimes.

Question 7

Question
False imprisonment occurs when a plaintiff is convicted and jailed but later found to be innocent.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 8

Question
A false arrest is a type of false imprisonment in which the confinement or restraint is done by one claiming the authority to make a lawful arrest.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 9

Question
The shopkeeper’s privilege means that a business can make a reasonable detention and investigation if they have reasonable grounds to believe that someone has shoplifted.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 10

Question
Libel and slander are really two different names for the same tort.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 11

Question
Invasion of privacy is a type of tort.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 12

Question
Check all that apply to the Intentional infliction of emotional distress.
Answer
  • Intentional and outrageous conduct that causes mental suffering.
  • No damages are ever awarded for this.
  • Courts have always been reluctant to recognize this tort, primarily because of the possibility of abuse and false claims.
  • Requires outrageous conduct that is intentional or at least reckless.
  • Associated with the mental suffering resulting from intentional mishandling of dead bodies, outrageous and cruel collection tactics, and insurance company tactics in refusing to pay benefits that are due, and most recently, with harassment in the workplace because of sex, age, race, or sexual orientation.

Question 13

Question
Malicious prosecution can apply to both criminal and civil prosecutions.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 14

Question
What are some business torts? (Check all that apply)
Answer
  • Slander of title
  • intentional infliction of emotional distress
  • Trade libel
  • inducing a breach of contract
  • negligence
  • interference with prospective economic advantage

Question 15

Question
Trespass is a tort against personal property, whereas conversion is a tort against real property.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 16

Question
Intellectual property means the information is protected by the attorney-client privilege.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 17

Question
Improper interference in the intellectual property rights of another.
Answer
  • What is "annoying"?
  • What is "infringement"?
  • What is "stealing"?
  • What is "larceny"?

Question 18

Question
Is fraud a contract issue or a tort issue?
Answer
  • Tort
  • Contract

Question 19

Question
Fraud requires (Check all that apply):
Answer
  • that the misrepresentation be as to a matter of fact, not opinion
  • that the victim is angered by the fraud
  • that the victim is a minor
  • that the statement be knowingly false and be made with the intent to deceive.
  • that he person to whom the misrepresentation is made justifiably relies on the statement.
  • damages.

Question 20

Question
What are the two major defenses to intentional torts? (Check all that apply)
Answer
  • Consent
  • Fraud
  • mistake
  • privilege

Question 21

Question
Negligence is: 1) the name given to a tort and 2) also used in its everyday meaning of “carelessness.”
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 22

Question
Negligence consists of the following: 1. The tortfeasor was under a duty to use due care. 2. The tortfeasor breached that duty of due care. 3. The tortfeasor’s act was the actual cause of injuries or damages. 4. The tortfeasor’s act was the proximate cause of injuries or damages. 5. Damages were incurred.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 23

Question
The breach of the duty of due care is the negligent or careless act.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 24

Question
Res ipsa loquitur means:
Answer
  • There was no negligence.
  • Anyone would know there was negligence or a breach of duty from the fact that the incident occurred.
  • There is a duty to act.
  • The thing speaks for itself.

Question 25

Question
When does negligence per se apply?
Answer
  • When the plaintiff is pro se.
  • If the tortfeasor’s act is also a violation of a statute
  • If the plaintiff only suffered a financial injury.
  • If the plaintiff only suffered a physical injury.

Question 26

Question
Damages: (Check all that apply)
Answer
  • Do not have to be based upon anything-can be arbitrary.
  • are a required element of the tort of negligence.
  • serve to compensate the tortfeasor.
  • can compensate for emotional injury.
  • Proving them often involves reviewing medical records and reports.

Question 27

Question
Check all that apply to the term "premises liability":
Answer
  • the negligent or careless maintenance of one’s real property.
  • car accident
  • slip and fall accidents
  • intentional infliction of emotional distress

Question 28

Question
A business invitee is someone invited onto the property for a business purpose. A licensee is generally a social guest, even though he or she might be invited. A trespasser is one who is not legally on the premises. The highest duty of due care is owed to the trespasser and the lowest duty of due care to the business invitee.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 29

Question
Lawyers can never face liability for professional negligence.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 30

Question
The term product liability is used to describe lawsuits based on defective products.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 31

Question
Loss of consortium is never the basis of a negligence action.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 32

Question
What are some defenses to negligence? (Check all that apply)
Answer
  • Mistake
  • Minority
  • contributory negligence
  • impossibility
  • comparative negligence
  • assumption of the risk

Question 33

Question
The activities that give rise to strict liability are (1) maintaining a dangerous animal, (2) engaging in an abnormally dangerous activity, and (3) manufacturing or distributing a defective product.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 34

Question
Dynamiting is an example of an abnormally dangerous activity in which people are sometimes injured, even when the person engaging in the activity is very careful. In imposing liability in these circumstances, the law shows that compensating injured persons is simply a cost of doing business.
Answer
  • True
  • False
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