Pharmacology Exam 5

smn0058
Quiz by smn0058, updated more than 1 year ago
smn0058
Created by smn0058 almost 6 years ago
13
0

Description

Pharmacology Exam 5: HEENT, Gout, Corticosteroids, PCN, Sulfa, Cephalosporins, Tetracycline, Fluoroquinolones, Aminoglycosides, Anti-HIV, Anti-Viral, Anti-parasitic, Anti-fungal, Upper GI, diarrhea, alternative medicine

Resource summary

Question 1

Question
Pt comes in to clinic currently taking warfarin for her blood clots. She comes in with abd pain and you suspect she has an abd ulcer. What is the best treatment for this patient?
Answer
  • Omeprazole
  • Dexlansoprazole
  • Sodium Bicarbonate
  • Dexlansoprazole

Question 2

Question
Pt presents to clinic and she is currently in high school, you’ve diagnosed her with peptic ulcer disease but she is curious how Omeprazole works? You tell her …
Answer
  • Inhibits H2 receptors on the parietal cells which decreases cAMP and thus decreases acid production
  • Irreversibly inhibits the Proton pump inhibitor on the parietal, and it only works if the pH in her abdomen is acidic (does not work if pH is neutral), and that she has a risk of being B12 deficient
  • It works well with stress ulcers and binds the H2 receptor that is activated by Gastrin

Question 3

Question
Pt comes in after a car accident and loosing blood and going into shock. He needs something to treat his gastric ulcers. What is his best line of treatment?
Answer
  • PPI
  • Sucralfate
  • H2 antagonist
  • Misoprostol

Question 4

Question
Pt presents to clinic and he has just been informed that he needs a heart transplant. His transplant is tomorrow at 2pm, what drug would be most useful to take prior to surgery to prevent aspiration pneumonitis?
Answer
  • Ranitidine
  • Rabeprazole
  • Ondansetron
  • Diazepam

Question 5

Question
In treating a patient for H. Pylor which is the best drug therapy?
Answer
  • PPI, Tetracycline, and Amoxicillin
  • PPI, Clarithromycin, and Amoxicillin
  • PPI, Metronidazole, and Tetracycline
  • PPI, Clarithromycin, Amoxicillin

Question 6

Question
If you suspect a patient has H. Pylori what tests will confirm his diagnosis? And how long should you wait before retesting?
Answer
  • Serology, up to 4 weeks
  • PFT, up to 1 week
  • Stool sample, up to 4 weeks
  • Urine, up to 1 week

Question 7

Question
Pt comes into clinic taking several drugs that require CYP450 metabolism. She needs something for her gastric ulcers. What is the best line of treatment?
Answer
  • Cimetidine
  • Famitidine
  • Omeprazole
  • Diazepam

Question 8

Question
Pt has been taking aluminum hydroxide and magnesium hydroxide, she decides that she is feeling better and stops taking these meds? What would you suspect upon cessation?
Answer
  • She will feel nothing since she feels better
  • She will have heart burn and dyspepsia
  • She will feel tired and weak
  • She will feel more energized

Question 9

Question
68 year old female presents to your clinic and she has been taking NSAIDS for her arthritis for the past 3 years. You are concerned about her long term NSAID use, what will you prescribe to protect her from getting gastric or duodenal ulcers?
Answer
  • Bismuth
  • Misoprostol
  • Sucralfate

Question 10

Question
Susie is getting ready for her endoscopy because of her acute GI hemorrhage. You need to give her a drug that will promote gastric emptying. What is the best treatment of choice?
Answer
  • Ondansteron
  • Dimenhydrinate
  • Misoprostol
  • Erythromycin

Question 11

Question
Your patient comes in with severe nausea and vomiting, he states, " I can't take this anymore". What is the most effective drug used to treat his symptoms?
Answer
  • Ondansetron
  • Scopolamine
  • Lorazepam
  • Dronabinol

Question 12

Question
Nina was told she has breast cancer 4 days ago. Her doctors say it is metastatic and she needs immediate chemotherapy. What is the class of the drug that will protect her from chemo-induced nausea and vomiting?
Answer
  • 5HT3
  • N1K receptor analog
  • H2 antagonist
  • D2 Antagonist

Question 13

Question
Dave is going on a cruise next week and he knows he has the propensity to get sea sick. What can you give him to prevent him from getting sea sick?
Answer
  • Metoclopramide
  • Ondansetron
  • Promethazine
  • Scopolamine
Show full summary Hide full summary

Similar

Drug absorption, distribution, metabolism and excretion
Hannah Tribe
Exam 1 Medications
tera_alise
Pharmacology
Justin Veazey
Monoamine pharmacology -Antidepressant drugs - Dr. Emma Robinson
Anna mph
NCLEX REVIEW MODEL
Jamie R Pascual
General Anaesthetics Part 1 - Steve Fitzjohn
Anna mph
Cognition and Dementia - Alzheimer's disease.
Anna mph
Local Anaesthetics
Anna mph
Malignancies
Mark George
Drug Abuse and Drug Addiction - L1
Anna mph
Transcription
Has Maj