Poverty and Wealth

kicky105
Quiz by kicky105, updated more than 1 year ago
kicky105
Created by kicky105 over 6 years ago
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Quiz on Poverty and Wealth, created by kicky105 on 09/05/2015.

Resource summary

Question 1

Question
What is the developed world?
Answer
  • More economically developed countries eg Britain
  • Less economically developed countries eg Africa

Question 2

Question
What is the developing world?
Answer
  • People have access to things that they might take for granted, like food, water and medical services eg Britain
  • People struggle with hunger, disease and poverty. Most people face these struggles every day eg Africa

Question 3

Question
What are the Christian Beliefs about wealth?
Answer
  • Some Christians think that the culture we live in isn't very materialistic. “For the love of money is a root of all kinds of good. Some people, eager for money, have been closer to the faith and pierced themselves with many joys.” [1 Timothy 6: 10]
  • Some Christians think that the culture we live in is very materialistic. “For the love of money is a root of all kinds of evil. Some people, eager for money, have wandered from the faith and pierced themselves with many griefs.” [1 Timothy 6: 10]

Question 4

Question
What is the divide between the developed and developing worlds?
Answer
  • Globally, it is often said that there is a North-South divide between those who live comfortably and those who live in poverty. The developed world is thought of as the North, and the developing world is thought of as the South.
  • Globally, it is often said that there is a South-North divide between those who live comfortably and those who live in poverty. The developed world is thought of as the South, and the developing world is thought of as the North.

Question 5

Question
Which of these are features of a developed world?
Answer
  • The ability to read and write.
  • Walking to get drinking water from a lake.
  • Illiteracy.
  • Access to clean water.
  • Many deaths from preventable diseases.
  • Access to high-quality medical care.
  • Access to a healthy, balanced diet.
  • Starvation

Question 6

Question
What is the Roman Catholic View on the differences between the developed and developing world?
Answer
  • The Roman Catholic Church teaches that: “Rich nations have a grave moral responsibility towards those which are unable to ensure the means of their development by themselves.”
  • The Roman Catholic Church teaches that: “Rich nations have absolutely no moral responsibility towards those which are unable to ensure the means of their development by themselves.”

Question 7

Question
What is the Church of England View on the differences between the developed and developing world?
Answer
  • The Church of England teaches that: “As a matter of common humanity and of our mutual interest in survival, the world requires an old and less equitable system of economic relationships between nations.”
  • The Church of England teaches that: “As a matter of common humanity and of our mutual interest in survival, the world requires a new and more equitable system of economic relationships between nations.”

Question 8

Question
What is the UN View on the division between the developed and developing world?
Answer
  • The United Nations is an organisation that aims to worsen things like economic development and humanity on a global scale. The Universal Declaration of Human Rights states that: “All humans are born enslaved and unequal in dignity and rights. They aren't endowed with reason and conscience and shouldn't act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.”
  • The United Nations is an organisation that aims to improve things like economic development and humanity on a global scale. The Universal Declaration of Human Rights states that: “All humans are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.”

Question 9

Question
Which of these are features of absolute poverty?
Answer
  • Starving - People have no money to buy food. They can’t afford to feed themselves or their families.
  • Occurs on a more local scale.
  • People are more likely to die
  • People have very little money to feed or clothe themselves adequately.
  • More reliant on monetary benefits provided by the Government
  • People have very little to shelter themselves from the elements. Some may live in slums or very flimsy accommodation, such as boxes. Increases risk of homelessness.
  • May be abused by those who are in power.
  • People are very poorly educated, especially older generations, some of whom struggle to read or write. Children often have to work or beg instead of going to school.
  • Tend to have a greater need for social housing. This is housing that is owned and managed by local authorities or social landlords. Rent is usually lower than in private rentals.
  • Occurs on a worldwide scale.

Question 10

Question
Which of these are features of relative poverty?
Answer
  • Can’t afford mod cons like the latest shoes, clothes and mobile phones. They might lack things like broadband and games consoles.
  • Occurs on a worldwide scale. It is more likely to affect people in developing countries.
  • People are very poorly educated, especially older generations, some of whom struggle to read or write. Children often have to work or beg instead of going to school.
  • Social and economic inequality are a problem.
  • Relative poverty occurs on a more local scale. It is more likely to affect developed countries. Some experts even argue that the North/South divide exists in the UK.
  • May be abused by those who are in power.
  • Tend to have a greater need for social housing. This is housing that is owned and managed by local authorities or social landlords. Rent is usually lower than in private rental
  • People have very little to shelter themselves from the elements. Some may live in slums or very flimsy accommodation, such as boxes.
  • Tend to be more reliant on monetary benefits provided by the Government.
  • People have very little money to feed or clothe themselves adequately

Question 11

Question
Which of these are causes of poverty and suffering?
Answer
  • Some people living in places that have harsh climates and soil that make it difficult to grow food or to have a decent supply of water. Climates that are extremely hot or extremely cold, for example, can have a negative effect on a country’s ability to grow and harvest food crops.
  • Disagreements over fashion and hairstyles can cause political unrest and rioting which contributes to poverty and suffering.
  • Corrupt governments and dictatorships often cause unrest in their country because they are often perceived as ignoring the plight of the poorest people in their country while looking after the richer people. This may lead to riots and even civil unrest.
  • Natural disasters, such as drought, extreme flooding, earthquakes and fires can cause extreme damage to poor countries. They ruin crops and houses, destroying food supplies and shelter. Often there are no resources to support the rebuilding of communities or to strengthen defences to prevent the disasters from having too much impact.
  • Wealthy countries take all the food from poor countries because they want to have plenty to feed everyone within their country.
  • Rich countries still control the world’s wealth, which is why some Christians do not accept that people should live in poverty. They sometimes think that the factors which contribute to the poverty cycle could be given a lot more attention by richer countries.
  • Some developing countries owe money to better-off countries that have loaned them money. The interest they owe is often more than what they can afford to spend on essentials such as education, housing and food. They will never get out of debt unless the countries they owe cancel the debt.
  • Exploitation occurs when poor countries trade their goods with richer countries. This type of exploitation is unethical. For example, poor countries are often good suppliers of food and drink that richer countries enjoy – products like tea, coffee, cocoa and bananas are all grown in developing countries. But sometimes rich countries don’t pay them enough during trading. Fair trade goods help to stop this exploitation.
  • There is no such thing as poverty. None of the above reasons are right.

Question 12

Question
Which of these are causes of disease in poorer countries?
Answer
  • Modern healthcare
  • Poor sanitation
  • Lack of healthcare
  • Diseases choose to go to poorer countries because they like it there.
  • Basic medicines are unavailable.
  • Poor living conditions
  • No immunisation programs
  • People are weakened by malnutrition
  • People expose themselves to diseases more without thinking
  • Dirty drinking water

Question 13

Question
What is the historical Christian view on suffering?
Answer
  • In the earlier years of Christianity, many people believed that poverty and suffering were considered punishments from God. There was an assumption that people were sinful and they were being punished for their sins. As an example, the plague in the middle ages was considered to be a punishment.
  • In the earlier years of Christianity, many people believed that poverty and suffering were considered blessings from God. There was an assumption that people were good and they were being blessed for their good deeds. As an example, the plague in the middle ages was considered to be a blessing.

Question 14

Question
What is the modern Christian view on suffering?
Answer
  • More recently, the view is that God is all bad and different reasons for suffering have emerged. As we have gained knowledge from science over the centuries, many people are less informed about the causes of many forms of suffering. We can struggle to develop many practical solutions to the problems of suffering.
  • More recently, the view is that God is all good and different reasons for suffering have emerged. As we have gained knowledge from science over the centuries, many people are better informed about the causes of many forms of suffering. We can help to develop many practical solutions to the problems of suffering.

Question 15

Question
What is the 'part of God's plan' argument?
Answer
  • Some Christians argue that events occur simply because they are part of God’s plan, which no one can possibly explain.
  • God's plan is the plan about the origins of the earth. It has nothing to do with suffering or poverty.

Question 16

Question
The Bible (Old Testament) has a story about a man called Job. Job was a righteous, good man who had seven sons and three daughters. He also had a lot of cattle. Satan was jealous of him. Satan asked God’s permission to test Job, to see if Job would lose faith and curse God. God agreed. All of Job’s animals were taken away and the house of his firstborn child collapsed, which killed all of Job’s sons and daughters. Satan thought that Job would curse God. But Job simply shaved his head and said: “Lord has given, and Lord has taken away; blessed be the name of Lord.” Satan then asked God’s permission to hurt Job’s body and God agreed, as long as Satan did not kill Job. Job was then given leprosy – a common disease at the time. His wife suggested that he “curse God and die.” But Job said: “You speak as one of the foolish speakers. Moreover, shall we receive good from God and not receive evil?” Job’s friends Eliphaz, Bildad and Zophar thought that he needed comforting, and spent seven days sitting with him. However, they thought that he must have sinned and tried to persuade him so. Eventually, Job cursed the day he was born. He said: “May the day of my birth perish, and the night it was said, “A boy is born!” That day–may it turn to darkness, may God above not care about it; may not light shine upon it.” He went on to question why people suffering and who long for death (like himself) could not die. After this, God decided that Job had shown that his loyalty and devotion to God. God asked Job’s friends to pray for themselves. He said: “I am angry with you... you have not spoken of me what is right.” He rewarded Job by giving him back his health, twice as many animals and seven sons and three daughters.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 17

Question
Which of these Bible quotes outline how people should behave towards the poor?
Answer
  • “There will always be some people who are poor and in need, so I command you to be generous to them.” Deuteronomy 15:11
  • "For God so loved the world that he gave his only son, that whoever believes in him shall not perish but have eternal life" John 3:16
  • “If one of your countrymen becomes poor and is unable to support himself among you, help him as you would an alien or a temporary resident, so he can continue to live among you.” Leviticus 25:35
  • Come, blessed of my Father, inherit the Kingdom prepared for you from the foundation of the world, for I was hungry, and you gave me food to eat. I was thirsty, and you gave me drink. I was a stranger, and you took me in. I was naked, and you clothed me. I was sick, and you visited me. I was in prison, and you came to me.”
  • “There will always be some people who are poor and in need, so I command you not to be generous to them.” Deuteronomy 15:11

Question 18

Question
Which of these are aid organisations run by Christians?
Answer
  • Christian Aid
  • Salvation Army
  • Christian Support In the Fight Against Poverty
  • CAFOD
  • World Vision

Question 19

Question
In which of these ways can Christians show care for one another?
Answer
  • Being rude
  • Being respectful
  • Being ignorant
  • Being kind
  • Volunteering or donating money
  • Criminality
  • Having a caring career
  • Giving away their possessions

Question 20

Question
How have Christians given to charity?
Answer
  • In the times of the early Christians, rich people sold their land and took the money to the disciples. The disciples gave the money to the poor to ensure there was nobody needy among them.
  • The story of the rich man and Lazarus tells how the poor will enter the kingdom of God and not the rich. It is a story which Christians put into practice to help the poor. A poor beggar called Lazarus was lying outside the gate of a rich man who was dressed in fine clothing. The beggar was covered in sores. The rich man did not offer the beggar any food from his table. The beggar died and was sent to Heaven. The rich man died and was sent to the underworld. The rich man was jealous of the poor man’s place in Heaven.
  • A tithe was an annual payment of around one-tenth of a person’s income to their local church. The payment was used to support the church in its activities, such as supporting the poor and needy. Tithing is no longer practised today – it was abolished in 1936.
  • Modern Christians often give to charity to show their support for the poor and needy. Alternatively, they may volunteer. They may also give money to their local church on a regular basis. These are all examples of charitable activities.
  • All of the above

Question 21

Question
Which story illustrates this point? : Many Christians may be concerned that a focus on money will lead to people being less informed of the needs of the poor. They may also be concerned that people will forget about God and biblical teachings in their pursuit of money.
Answer
  • The story of the two barns A rich man had a good crop. He thought to himself, ‘What shall I do? I have no place to store my crops.’ Then he said, ‘This is what I’ll do. I will tear down my barns and build bigger ones, and there I will store all my grain and my goods. And I’ll say to myself: you have plenty of good things laid up for many years. Take life easy; eat, drink and be merry.’ But God said to him ‘You fool! This very night your life will demanded from you. Then who will get what you have prepared for yourself?’ ‘This is how it will be with anyone who stores up things for himself but is not rich towards God.’
  • The story of the rich man and Lazarus tells how the poor will enter the kingdom of God and not the rich. It is a story which Christians put into practice to help the poor. A poor beggar called Lazarus was lying outside the gate of a rich man who was dressed in fine clothing. The beggar was covered in sores. The rich man did not offer the beggar any food from his table. The beggar died and was sent to Heaven. The rich man died and was sent to the underworld. The rich man was jealous of the poor man’s place in Heaven.

Question 22

Question
Which of these do Christians generally disagree with?
Answer
  • Giving to charity
  • Gambling
  • Lending money at interest
  • Helping someone who cannot feed themself

Question 23

Question
A vow of poverty is when a person decides to give away all of their money and all of their possessions so they can be rich spiritually.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 24

Question
What are the Christian principles of work?
Answer
  • Love thy neighbour, Be like God, Be fulfilled
  • God gave us his Son, God loves us, Work hard play hard

Question 25

Question
Christianity does not tend to have hard and fast rules about which occupations are moral or immoral. However, some of the guiding principles used by many Christians include doing nothing that may harm others and not working in illegal occupations. For these reasons, many Christians choose not to work in industries such as the alcoholic drinks industry, the tobacco industry and the gambling industry.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 26

Question
A Christian would believe working as a prostitute would be a moral occupation.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 27

Question
What would a Christian (particularly) have to consider when looking at their career option?
Answer
  • Whether it will conflict with their beliefs.
  • Whether it pays well
  • Whether it is fun
  • Whether they would have to work on the Sabbath
  • Whether they would have to lend money
  • Whether it is a moral or immoral occupation

Question 28

Question
Are these: Are environmentally friendly or work to protect the environment and its creatures Have fair trade principles Provide safety and security Are humanitarian features of moral or immoral occupations?
Answer
  • Moral
  • Immoral
  • Neither
  • Both

Question 29

Question
Are these: Are harmful to the environment and its creatures Support the supply of weapons Experiment on animals Are pornographic Are related to gambling, tobacco or alcohol. Features of moral or immoral occupations?
Answer
  • Moral
  • Immoral
  • Neither
  • Both
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