Practice Exam (Emailed on Sunday) Part 2

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Quiz by grayere, updated more than 1 year ago
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Created by grayere over 4 years ago
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This is the 2nd part that you email me
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Question 1

Question
Which of the following increases as an adaptation to chronic resistance training but decreases as an adaptation to chronic aerobic training?
Answer
  • glycogen stores
  • mitochondrial density
  • maximal power production

Question 2

Question
The latissmus dorsi performs which of the following types of muscle actions during the upward movement phase of the lat pulldown exercise?
Answer
  • isometric
  • eccentric
  • concentric

Question 3

Question
A 12-year old male has been resistance training twice a week for six weeks. Which of the following adaptations contribute MOST to training induced strength gains?
Answer
  • greater testosterone concentration
  • increased motor unit activation
  • increased muscle size

Question 4

Question
During a concentric muscle action, which of the following binds with calcium to allow cross-bridge interactions?
Answer
  • troponin
  • actin
  • tropomyosin

Question 5

Question
A 315-pound (143 kg) male collegiate American football offensive lineman is tested to determine his training status. Based upon the results shown below, which of the following areas should his training program emphasize? 40-yard sprint: 5.9 seconds %fat: 20% 1RM bench press: 405 pounds (184 kg) 1RM back squat 530 pounds (241 kg)
Answer
  • sprint speed
  • upper body strength
  • lower body strength

Question 6

Question
Using the Karvonen method, which of the following is the target heart rate for a 30-year-old male aerobically exercising at 80% of his functional capacity if his resting heart rate is 60 bpm?
Answer
  • 164 bpm
  • 152 bpm
  • 136 bpm

Question 7

Question
A 23-year old Division I college baseball player achieved the following testing results: 1RM bench press: 245 pounds (111kg) 1RM back squat 275 pounds (125 kg) Sit and reach 20 inches (51 cm) 1.5 mile run: 10:16 (minutes: seconds) When designing his training program, the strength and conditioning professional should focus on improving:
Answer
  • aerobic endurance
  • lower body strength
  • upper body strength

Question 8

Question
To achieve maximal performance in aerobic endurance events lasting over an hour, the preferred beverage to drink during the event should be: I. cool (50 degrees F/10 degrees C) II. at room temperature (68 degrees F/20 degree C) III. a 16% carbohydrate concentration beverage IV. a 6 % carbohydrate beverage
Answer
  • II and III only
  • I and IV only
  • I and III only

Question 9

Question
Force production during the leg (knee) extension is affected by the angle of the hip joint due to the activation capabilities of which of the following muscles?
Answer
  • rectus femoris
  • vastus lateralis
  • biceps femoris

Question 10

Question
4. The result of an in-season analysis reveals that a junior women’s basketball forward has a daily intake of 2350 kilocalories that consists of this nutrient breakdown: 1500 kilocalories of Carbohydrates 500 kilocalories of protein 350 kilocalories of fat Which of the following actions should the strength and conditioning professional recommend?
Answer
  • increase fat intake
  • increase protein intake
  • increase carbohydrate intake

Question 11

Question
Which type of exercise has the GREATEST positive influence on bone mineral density?
Answer
  • single-joint assistance
  • open kinetic chain
  • axial loading

Question 12

Question
All of the following are physiological differences between elite long-distance cyclists and elite Olympic weight lifters EXCEPT?
Answer
  • APMHR
  • Estimated VO2
  • Cross-sectional area of the triceps brachii muscle

Question 13

Question
Which of the following is an expected change in an untrained 62-year old woman as a result of following a 2-days-per-week light resistance training program (60% of 1RM) for 4 weeks?
Answer
  • increase motor unit recruitment
  • increased upper body muscle hypertrophy
  • decrease aerobic capacity

Question 14

Question
8. Which of the following nutritional recommendations is appropriate for an 18 year old 5’10” (178cm), 170-pound (77-kg) male collegiate baseball player who wants to increase muscle mass and strength? Daily Protein Intake (g/kg) Daily Protein Intake (kilocalories from Protein) 1.8 306 0.8 306 1.8 554
Answer
  • 1.8 306
  • 0.8 306
  • 1.8 554

Question 15

Question
An 18-year-old rugby player is starting his first periodized resistance training program in a collegiate strength and conditioning facility. The strength and conditioning professional conducted strength testing every 6 weeks with the following results: Exercise Pre-testing Week 6 Week 12 Week 18 1RM Bench Press 200 lbs (91 kg) 210 lbs (95 kg) 215 lbs (98 kg) 225 pounds (102kg) Which of the following neuromuscular adaptations is PRIMARILY responsible for the increases in strength from week 6 to week 18?
Answer
  • muscle fiber hypertrophy
  • motor unit firing rate increases
  • muscle fiber recruitment increases

Question 16

Question
Immediately following a training run of 6 miles (10km), which of the following is the BEST food to consume to promote glycogen restoration?
Answer
  • 1 cup 9274 ml) of orange juice
  • 1 pint (473 ml) of skim milk
  • 1 slice of rye bread

Question 17

Question
During the upward phase of the push press exercise the: I. knees and hips remain fully extended II. quadriceps muscles are agonists. III. Triceps Brachii and anterior deltoids are aganists. IV. shoulder joints are initially hyperextended.
Answer
  • I and III only
  • II and III only
  • I and IV only

Question 18

Question
Over-consuming foods that are high in which of the following substances is MOST often linked with an increase in risk developing atherosclerosis?
Answer
  • monounsaturated fat
  • saturated fat
  • complex sugars

Question 19

Question
Which of the following is a marker of aerobic overtraining?
Answer
  • decreased serum testosterone concentration
  • increased muscle glycogen stores
  • decreased post workout muscle soreness

Question 20

Question
Which of the following will lengthen the I-bands of the sarcomeres within the biceps brachii muscle?
Answer
  • downward movement phase of the bench press
  • upward movement phase of the upright row
  • downward movement phase of the triceps pushdown

Question 21

Question
Decreasing which of the following variable will, with training cause an increase in the capacity of the lactic acid energy system to produce ATP?
Answer
  • exercise intensity
  • rest period
  • training frequency

Question 22

Question
A freshman collegiate 1600-meter runner, who has been aerobically training for 2 years, increases her performance time throughout the course of her first season on the track team. Which of the following physiological responses is PRIMARILY responsible for her performance increases?
Answer
  • increase in running economy
  • decrease in lean body mass
  • increase in maximum heart rate

Question 23

Question
Nervousness. irritability, increased body temperature, muscle tremors, increased heart rate and palpitations are all common side effects of consuming which of the following substance?
Answer
  • diuretics
  • erythropoietin
  • beta-adrenergic agonists

Question 24

Question
What is the MINIMUM amount of carbohydrates that a 132-pound (60-kg) competitive Olympic triathlete should consume on a daily basis?
Answer
  • 960 grams
  • 480 grams
  • 120 grams

Question 25

Question
As an athlete maintains exercise at near maximum intensity, which of the following will accumulate in the working muscle?
Answer
  • hydrogen ions
  • creatine phosphate
  • NADH molecules

Question 26

Question
Which of the following is the commonly-accepted threshold for binge eating that is associated with bulimia nervosa?
Answer
  • seven binge-eating episodes per week for at least three weeks
  • an average of two binge-eating episodes per week
  • an average of two binge-eating episodes per week for at least three months.

Question 27

Question
Which of the following psychological mindsets to enhance an athlete’s performance is described by a personal desire to improve?
Answer
  • intrinsic motivation
  • selective attention
  • extrinsic motivation

Question 28

Question
Which of the following changes to an athlete’s resistance training workout will DECREASE the power output of the power clean exercise?
Answer
  • increase the speed the athlete performs the exercise
  • increase the load from 90% to 95% of the athlete’s 1RM
  • lengthen the rest period between sets of the exercise

Question 29

Question
Which of the following adaptations is an outcome of heavy resistance training (≥85% 1RM) that can IMPROVE the performance of a tennis player?
Answer
  • increase cross-sectional area of Type II muscle fibers
  • decreased glycogen and triglyceride storage capacity
  • decreased capillary density

Question 30

Question
During the upward movement phase of the front squat exercise, which of the following muscles acts as an antagonist to the concentric movement?
Answer
  • iliopsoas
  • quadriceps
  • gluteus maximus

Question 31

Question
26. Which of the following changes in the autonomic nervous system cause an athlete’s heart rate to increase during the anticipatory period immediately before the start of the race? Parasympathetic activity Sympathetic activity increase decrease increase increase decrease increase
Answer
  • increase increase
  • decrease increase
  • increase decrease

Question 32

Question
Which of the following cardiovascular responses is a disproportionately high during a set of a resistance training exercise as compared to during an aerobic exercise session?
Answer
  • stroke volume
  • heart rate
  • cardiac output

Question 33

Question
Which of the following is the advantage of a resistance-trained athlete using the Valsalva maneuver during an exercise?
Answer
  • the “fluid ball” can become more compressed
  • the entire torso is more rigid during the exercise
  • the glottis stays relaxed during the maneuver

Question 34

Question
A 120-pound (55-kg) female basketball player has the following test results: 1RM bench press: 155 pounds (70 kg) 1RM squat: 225 pounds (102 kg) Vertical Jump: 15 inches (38 cm) 1-minute sit-up test: 65 Based on these results, which of the following exercises should be added to her training program?
Answer
  • dumbbell fly
  • front squat
  • depth jump

Question 35

Question
Which of the following is an appropriate work-to-rest ratio when using interval training to increase the capacity of the oxidative energy system?
Answer
  • 1:1
  • 1:8
  • 1:16

Question 36

Question
Using the Karvonen formula, what is the target heart rate of a 40-year old female athlete (with a resting heart rate of 80 bears per minute) who is prescribed an exercise training intensity of 60%
Answer
  • 188 beats per minute
  • 164 beats per minute
  • 140 beats per minute

Question 37

Question
A professional defensive tackle (American football) had the following testing results two months before the competitive season: Body weight: 302 pounds (137 kg) Vertical Jump 28 inches (71 cm) 1RM Bench Press 405 pounds (184 kg) 40-yard (37-m) sprint: 5.9 seconds Which of the following areas should this athlete focus on to improve his performance?
Answer
  • lower body strength
  • sprint speed
  • muscular power
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