Social Psychology Final

S. Hodge
Quiz by S. Hodge, updated more than 1 year ago
S. Hodge
Created by S. Hodge over 6 years ago
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Description

This quiz encompasses chapters 2,3,4,6,8,9,10,12 & 13

Resource summary

Question 1

Question
What is Social Loafing?
Answer
  • loosening of normal constraints on behavior when people can’t be identified.
  • the tendency for people to relax when they are in the presence of others and their individual performance cannot be evaluated, such that they do worse on simple tasks but better on complex tasks.
  • the tendency for people to do better on simple tasks and worse on complex tasks when they are in the presence of others and their individual performance can be evaluated
  • three or more people who interact and are interdependent in the sense that their needs and goals cause them to influence each other

Question 2

Question
What is deindividuation?
Answer
  • shared expectations in a group about how particular people are supposed to behave
  • qualities of a group that bind members together and promote liking between members
  • the tendency for people to relax when they are in the presence of others and their individual performance cannot be evaluated, such that they do worse on simple tasks but better on complex tasks
  • the loosening of normal constraints on behavior when people can't be identified (such as when they are in a crowd)

Question 3

Question
Why do groups often act dumb?
Answer
  • deindividuation, social loafing, social facilitation and transactive memory
  • process loss, failure to share unique information, groupthink
  • groupthink
  • group cohesiveness, transactive memory, social roles and groupthink

Question 4

Question
What is process loss?
Answer
  • a kind of thinking in which maintaining group cohesiveness and solidarity is more important than considering the facts in a realistic manner
  • the combined memory of two people that is more efficient than the memory of either individual
  • qualities of a group that bind members together and promote liking between members
  • any aspect of group interaction that inhibits good problem solving

Question 5

Question
"Groups might not try hard enough to find out who the most competent member is and instead rely on someone who really doesn’t know what he or she is talking about." This is an example of?
Answer
  • groupthink
  • social loafing
  • process loss
  • failure to share unique information

Question 6

Question
"The most competent member may find it difficult to disagree with everyone else in the group (normative social pressures)." This is an example of?
Answer
  • group cohesiveness
  • social loafing
  • groupthink
  • process loss

Question 7

Question
"Communication problems within the group may cause process loss. In some groups, people don’t listen to each other; in others, one person is allowed to dominate the discussion while the others tune out." This is an example of?
Answer
  • process loss
  • groupthink
  • social loafing
  • transactive memory

Question 8

Question
"Groups tend to focus on the information they share and ignore facts known to only some members of the group." What is this?
Answer
  • social loafing
  • groupthink
  • failure to share unique information
  • transactive memory

Question 9

Question
What is transactive memory?
Answer
  • the combined memory of two people that is more efficient than the memory of either individual.
  • a kind of thinking in which maintaining group cohesiveness and solidarity is more important that considering the facts in a realistic manner
  • any aspect of group interaction that inhibits good problem solving
  • the tendency for people to relax when they are in the presence of others and their individual performance cannot be evaluated, such that they do worse on simple tasks but better on complex tasks

Question 10

Question
What is groupthink?
Answer
  • three or more people who interact and are interdependent in the sense that their needs and goals cause them to influence each other
  • shared expectations in a group about how particular people are supposed to behave
  • qualities of a group that bind members together and promote liking between members
  • a kind of thinking in which maintaining group cohesiveness and solidarity is more important than considering the facts in a realistic manner

Question 11

Question
Group is highly cohesive
Answer
  • Symptom of groupthink
  • Defective Decision Making
  • Antecedent of groupthink

Question 12

Question
Illusion of invulnerability
Answer
  • Antecedent of groupthink
  • Symptom of groupthink
  • Defective Decision Making

Question 13

Question
Incomplete survey of alternatives
Answer
  • Antecedent of groupthink
  • Defective Decision Making
  • Symptom of groupthink

Question 14

Question
What are the five antecedents to groupthink?
Answer
  • Illusion of invulnerability, poor information search, group isolation, self-censorship, incomplete survey of alternatives
  • Group is highly cohesive, group isolation, directive leader, high stress, poor decision-making procedures
  • Direct pressure on dissenters to conform, failure to examine risks of the favored alternative, illusion of unanimity, mindguards, group isolation
  • High stress, failure to develop contingency plans, belief in the moral correctness of the group, group isolation, directive leader

Question 15

Question
These are the antecedents of groupthink: Illusion of invulnerability; Belief in the moral correctness of the group; Self-censorship; Illusion of unanimity; Mindgaurds
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 16

Question
The mnemonic for groupthink antecedents is: HIDSP; "Help, I Don't Sex Properly"
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 17

Question
A Directive Leader
Answer
  • Antecedent
  • Symptom
  • Defective

Question 18

Question
High Stress
Answer
  • Defective
  • Symptom
  • Antecedent

Question 19

Question
Help: Highly Cohesive
Answer
  • Symptom
  • Antecedent
  • Defective

Question 20

Question
I: Group Isolation
Answer
  • Symptom
  • Antecedent

Question 21

Question
Don't: Directive Leader
Answer
  • Symptom
  • Antecedent

Question 22

Question
Sex: High Stress
Answer
  • Symptom
  • Antecedent

Question 23

Question
Properly: Poor Decision-Making Procedures
Answer
  • Antecedent
  • Symptom

Question 24

Question
What is the first symptom of groupthink?
Answer
  • Illusion of Invulnerability
  • Stereotyped View of Outgroup
  • Mindguards

Question 25

Question
What is the second symptom of groupthink?
Answer
  • Illusion of Invulnerability
  • Self-Censorship
  • Belief in the Moral Correctness of the Group

Question 26

Question
What is the third symptom of groupthink?
Answer
  • Belief in Moral Correctness of the Group
  • Illusion of Invulnerability
  • Stereotyped views of out-group
  • Self-Censorship

Question 27

Question
What is the fourth symptom of groupthink?
Answer
  • Illusion of Invulnerability
  • Self-Censorship
  • Stereotyped views of out-group
  • Belief in the Moral Correctness of the group
  • Mindguards

Question 28

Question
What is the fifth symptoms of groupthink?
Answer
  • Direct Pressure on Dissenters to Conform
  • Illusion of Invulnerability
  • Self-Censorship
  • Belief in Moral Correctness of the Group
  • Stereotyped Views of Out-Group
  • Illusion of Unanimity

Question 29

Question
What is the sixth symptom of groupthink?
Answer
  • Self-Censorship
  • Stereotyped Views of Out-Group
  • Illusion of Invulnerability
  • Illusion of Unanimity
  • Direct Pressure on Dissenters to Conform
  • Belief in the Moral Correctness of the group

Question 30

Question
What is the seventh symptom of groupthink?
Answer
  • Illusion of Invulnerability
  • Belief in Moral Correctness of the Group
  • Stereotyped Views of Out-Group
  • Self-Censorship
  • Direct Pressure on Dissenters to Conform
  • Illusion of Unanimity
  • Mindguards

Question 31

Question
Defective Decision Making: Incomplete Survey of Alternatives
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 32

Question
Defective Decision Making: The Group is Highly Cohesive
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 33

Question
Defective Decision Making: Failure to Examine Risks of the Favored Alternative
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 34

Question
Defective Decision Making: Excellent Information Search
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 35

Question
Defective Decision Making: Failure to Develop Contingency Plans
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 36

Question
Remain partial is way to avoid groupthink
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 37

Question
Seek outside opinions is a way to avoid groupthing
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 38

Question
Creation of one large group is a way to avoid groupthink
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 39

Question
Seek anonymous opinions to avoid groupthink
Answer
  • True
  • False
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