Antibiotics

nkgenton
Quiz by nkgenton, updated more than 1 year ago
nkgenton
Created by nkgenton almost 6 years ago
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Question 1

Question
The nurse is caring for a client who is taking an aminoglycoside should monitor the client for which adverse effects of this medication? Select all that apply.
Answer
  • seizures
  • ototoxicity
  • renal toxicity
  • dysrhythmias
  • hepatotoxicity

Question 2

Question
The nurse is caring for a client who has been taking a sulfonamide and should monitor for signs/symptoms of which side/adverse effects of the medication? select all that apply
Answer
  • ototoxicity
  • palpitations
  • nephrotoxicity
  • hemolytic anemia
  • GI effects
  • increased WBC count

Question 3

Question
Antibiotic prophylaxis is appropriate for which of the following? Select all that apply.
Answer
  • orthopedic surgery
  • bacterial endocarditis
  • hemophilia
  • HIV -

Question 4

Question
Antibiotics should be avoided for fever of unknown origin (FUO) if host is immunocompromised.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 5

Question
B-lactams are a large class of drugs that include which of the following? Select all the apply
Answer
  • cephalosporins
  • B-lactamases
  • penicillins
  • carbapenems
  • clindamycin
  • vancomycin

Question 6

Question
Beta-lactamase is a drug used to kill Gram negative bacteria.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 7

Question
Which class of penicillins is most effective at killing "difficult" Gram negatives?
Answer
  • antipseudomonal penicillins
  • penicillinase-resistant
  • natural penicillins
  • aminopenicillins

Question 8

Question
Which penicillin class is used to treat uncomplicated skin and soft tissue infections?
Answer
  • aminopenicillins
  • penicillinase-resistant
  • natural penicillins
  • antipseudomonal penicillins

Question 9

Question
Which of the following is NOT an adverse effect of B-lactams?
Answer
  • nephrotoxicity
  • Gi effects
  • seizures
  • thrombophlebitis
  • allergic reactions

Question 10

Question
Which of the following does NOT describe the Minimum Inhibitory Concentration (MIC)?
Answer
  • Lowest concentration of antibiotic required to kill bacteria in vitro.
  • Correlates to dosage regimen or amount of antibiotics required for clinical efficacy.
  • Need serum and tissue concentration to exceed the MIC to be effective.
  • For a patient with renal dysfunction, do not reduce dose but instead extend the dosing interval.

Question 11

Question
Fever is always a sign and symptom of infection.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 12

Question
What renal effects are seen in signs and symptoms of infection? Select all that apply.
Answer
  • proteinuria
  • dehydration
  • increased BP
  • decreased urine output
  • decreased renal perfusion

Question 13

Question
Which of the following antibiotics is NOT bacteriostatic?
Answer
  • macrolides
  • aminoglycosides
  • clindamycin
  • sulfonamides

Question 14

Question
Many people are allergic to penicillins. Which antibiotics are most appropriate as an alternative therapy? Select all that apply.
Answer
  • clindamycin
  • sulfonamides
  • vancomycin
  • macrolides

Question 15

Question
Which of the following has an adverse effect of toxic epidermal necrolysis (Stevens-Johnson syndrome)?
Answer
  • sulfonamides
  • clindamycin
  • penicillins
  • vancomycin
  • metronidazole

Question 16

Question
C. Difficile infections can occur as a result of misuse of antibiotics. Which TWO antibiotics are safe to use when treating a C. Diff infection?
Answer
  • sulfonamides
  • metronidazole
  • vancomycin
  • penicillinase-resistant penicillins

Question 17

Question
Which of the following antibiotics is MOST effective against anaerobic microbes?
Answer
  • vancomycin
  • aminopenicillins
  • fluoroquinolones
  • metronidazole

Question 18

Question
Which two antibiotic drugs do NOT require dose adjustment for renal impairment?
Answer
  • clindamycin
  • natural penicillins
  • metronidazole
  • vancomycin
  • aminopenicillins

Question 19

Question
Which of the following antibiotics does NOT decrease the efficacy of oral contraceptives?
Answer
  • vancomycin
  • ampicillin
  • amoxicillin
  • tetracycline
  • metronidazole
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