Applied Liinguistics 2004

Ros Agnieszka
Quiz by Ros Agnieszka, updated more than 1 year ago
Ros Agnieszka
Created by Ros Agnieszka over 5 years ago
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Question 1

Question
01. The phenomenon of carrying over the previously acquired knowledge to a subsequent learning situation is referred to as
Answer
  • A. interference
  • B. transfer
  • C. inhibition
  • D. overgeneralization

Question 2

Question
02. According to behaviourist theories, what is the main obstacle to learning a foreign language?
Answer
  • A. avoidance
  • B. pattern imitation
  • C. habit formation
  • D. proactive inhibition

Question 3

Question
03. Language used by native speakers when communicating with second language learners is called
Answer
  • A. baseline speech
  • B. modified input
  • C. caretaker speech
  • D. foreigner talk

Question 4

Question
04. Which component of communicative competence is included in the models proposed by both Hymes (1970) and Canale and Swain (1980)?
Answer
  • A. grammatical competence
  • B. sociolinguistic competence
  • C. strategic competence
  • D. none of the above

Question 5

Question
05.Which of the following is not a part of the model of communicative competence by Hymes?
Answer
  • A grammatical competence
  • B sociolinguistic competence
  • C strategic competence
  • D They are all included in the model

Question 6

Question
06. Which of the following is not a part of the model of communicative competence by Canale and Swain?
Answer
  • A. grammatical competence
  • B. sociolinguistic competence
  • C. strategic competence
  • D. They are all included in the model.

Question 7

Question
07. Krashen’s approach to L2 learning can be described as
Answer
  • A. the interface position.
  • B. a discourse theory.
  • C. a homogeneous competence model.
  • D. a dual competence hypothesis.

Question 8

Question
08. Which of the following factors is a part of Krashen’s Affective Filter Hypothesis?
Answer
  • A. anxiety
  • B. inhibition
  • C. risk-taking
  • D. none of the above

Question 9

Question
09. . Krashen claims that the necessary condition to effectively monitor the L2 output is
Answer
  • A. lowering the anxiety level
  • B. focusing on form
  • C.focusing on meaning
  • D. overcoming inhibition

Question 10

Question
10. The Group Embedded Figure Test (GEFT) measures the degree of
Answer
  • A. spatial intelligence
  • B. inductive language learning
  • C. field dependence/independence
  • D. cognitive analytic language proficiency

Question 11

Question
11. The capacity to understand and produce language is concentrated for most children in
Answer
  • A. the left brain hemisphere
  • B. both brain hemispheres.
  • C. the right brain hemisphere
  • D. brain areas not yet investigated

Question 12

Question
12. The capacity to understand and produce language is concentrated for most adults in
Answer
  • A. the left brain hemisphere
  • B. A. the left brain hemispheres
  • C. the right brain hemisphere
  • D. brain areas not yet investigated

Question 13

Question
13. In relation to which factor does the Critical Period Hypothesis explain language acquisition?
Answer
  • A. age
  • B. aptitude
  • C. intelligences
  • D. cognitive style

Question 14

Question
14. Which personality feature is not a part of the Affective Filter Hypothesis?
Answer
  • A. anxiety
  • B. self-image
  • C. motivation
  • D. inhibition

Question 15

Question
15. According to Gardner and Lambert, the primary determinant of L2 proficiency is
Answer
  • A. aptitude
  • B. cognitive style
  • C. motivation
  • D. personality

Question 16

Question
16. The way in which people perceive, conceptualize, organize, and recall information is called
Answer
  • A. cognitive style
  • B. learning strategies
  • C. hypothesis testing
  • D. field (in)dependence

Question 17

Question
17. Krashen claims that the Monitor is the device that learners use most successfully when they have enough time to focus on form and
Answer
  • A. they know the rule
  • B. their level of anxiety is low
  • C. they use their acquired knowledge
  • D. they control the utterance before it is uttered

Question 18

Question
18. Motivation that derives from the learner’s inherent interest in the learning task is called
Answer
  • A. integrative
  • B. instrumental
  • C. extrinsic
  • D. resultative

Question 19

Question
19. Keefe describes cognitive, affective, and physiological behaviours that serve as relatively stable indicators of how learners perceive, interact with, and respond to the learning environment. This is a definition of
Answer
  • A. foreign language aptitude
  • B. learning style
  • C. personality domains
  • D. visual-spatial abilities

Question 20

Question
20. Core rules are those that can be arrived at through the application of general, abstract principles of language structure. Core rules can be
Answer
  • A. only marked
  • B. only unmarked
  • C. both marked and unmarked
  • D. neither marked nor unmarked

Question 21

Question
21. Carroll distinguished the four components of FL aptitude. Which type of ability is not a part of his definition of aptitude?
Answer
  • A. phonetic coding ability
  • B. rote learning ability
  • C. inductive learning ability
  • D. deductive learning ability

Question 22

Question
22. Reid distinguished four perceptual learning modalities. One of them is called
Answer
  • A. interactional
  • B. sensory
  • C. kinaesthetic
  • D. receptive

Question 23

Question
23. Which of the following learner cognitive factors/processes is characterized by the CALP/BISC distinction?
Answer
  • A. cognitive style
  • B. language style
  • C. language processing
  • D. learning ability

Question 24

Question
24. The ability to notice and identify similarities and differences in grammatical form and meaning is referred to as
Answer
  • A. grammatical sensitivity
  • B. inductive ability
  • C. deductive ability
  • D. strategic competence

Question 25

Question
25. Which of the following individual learner factors is modifiable?
Answer
  • A. intelligence
  • B. age
  • C. motivation
  • D. field (in)dependence

Question 26

Question
26. A type of instruction designed to make a learner aware of specific linguistic features is called
Answer
  • A. cognitive awareness
  • B. consciousness raising
  • C. learner-centred instruction
  • D. pattern practice

Question 27

Question
27. Tolerance of ambiguity is a dimension of
Answer
  • A. field dependence/independence
  • B. rote learning ability
  • C. language aptitude
  • D. cognitive style

Question 28

Question
28. Borrowings from other languages (e.g. sauerkraut, sauna, saute) are referred to as
Answer
  • A. marked forms
  • B. unmarked forms
  • C. substantial universals
  • D. peripheral universals

Question 29

Question
29. The learner replaces one L2 form with another (rose --> flower). This is an example of the achievement strategy referred to as
Answer
  • A. paraphrase
  • B. code switching
  • C. word coinage
  • D. substitution

Question 30

Question
30. One item in L1 becomes two items in L2 (pożyczać --> borrow/lend). This is an example of
Answer
  • A. parallel distribution
  • B. coalescence
  • C. convergent phenomena
  • D. divergent phenomena

Question 31

Question
31. Most L2 learners fail to reach target language competence because they stop learning at some point. This is referred to as
Answer
  • A. regression
  • B. backsliding
  • C. fossilization
  • D. inhibition

Question 32

Question
32. Expressions which are learnt as unanalyzable chunks and employed on particular occasions are referred to as
Answer
  • A. simplification
  • B. formulaic speech
  • C. transitional constructions
  • D. idiosyncrasies

Question 33

Question
33. Language directed at the learner is called
Answer
  • A. discourse continuum
  • B. primary data
  • C. input
  • D. intake

Question 34

Question
34. Which theory explains SLA in terms of the degree of social and psychological distance between a learner and the target language group?
Answer
  • A. Accomodation Theory
  • B. Discourse Theory
  • C. The Acculturation Model
  • D. The Universal Hypothesis

Question 35

Question
35. Which theory attempts to explain SLA in terms of the adjustments which speakers make to their speech during interactions?
Answer
  • A. Discourse Theory
  • B. Affective Filter Hypothesis
  • C. Accommodation Theory
  • D. Variable Competence Model

Question 36

Question
36. Which view of SLA minimizes the role of the input?
Answer
  • A. behaviourist
  • B. mentalist
  • C. interactionist
  • D. none of the above

Question 37

Question
37. Which view of SLA emphasizes the role of the input?
Answer
  • A. behaviourist
  • B. mentalist
  • C. interactionist
  • D. none of the above

Question 38

Question
38. The knowledge a learner is unaware of and therefore cannot verbalize is referred to as
Answer
  • A. implicit
  • B. explicit
  • C. declarative
  • D. metacognitive

Question 39

Question
39. In which of the following theories were grammaticality judgments the chief source of data?
Answer
  • A. Monitor Model
  • B. Variable Competence Model
  • C. Interlanguage Theory
  • D. Universal Grammar

Question 40

Question
40. How do Dulay and Burt describe errors which do not reflect the first language structure but can be found in first language acquisition data?
Answer
  • A. as interference errors
  • B. as developmental errors
  • C. as ambiguous errors
  • D. as unique errors

Question 41

Question
41. Tarone claims that we can predict that the L2 use of a particular linguistic feature (e.g. the 3rd person singular -s) will be the most frequent in the following contexts:
Answer
  • A. simple and careful
  • B. A. simple and vernacular
  • C. complex and careful
  • D. complex and vernacular

Question 42

Question
42. Utterances such as ‘What you are doing?’ contain an intralingual error classified as
Answer
  • A. false concept hypothesized
  • B. ignorance of rule restriction
  • C. incomplete application of rules
  • D. overgeneralization

Question 43

Question
43. In a surface structure taxonomy the utterance ‘What you are doing?’ is described as an error of
Answer
  • A. omission
  • B. addition
  • C. misinformation
  • D. misordering

Question 44

Question
44. Utterances that are superficially well-formed but do not mean what the learner wanted to express are called
Answer
  • A. ambiguous errors
  • B. unique errors
  • C. covert errors
  • D. overt errors

Question 45

Question
45. The term ‘local errors’ is used to refer to errors that affect
Answer
  • A. single elements in a sentence
  • B. overall sentence organization
  • C. the structure of a paragraph
  • D. overall coherence of the message

Question 46

Question
46. In Bialystok’s model of SLA, implicit linguistic knowledge can be derived from explicit linguistic knowledge through
Answer
  • A. inferencing
  • B. language exposure
  • C. functional practising
  • D. formal practicing

Question 47

Question
47. Ellis’s and Tarone’s models of SLA are based on the notions of
Answer
  • A. 'acquisition' and 'learning'
  • B. 'input' and 'interactions'
  • C. ‘attention’ and ‘planning’
  • D. 'declarative' and 'procedural knowledge'

Question 48

Question
48. ‘Capability continuum’ is a set of
Answer
  • A. overlapping stages of interlanguage development
  • B. structures in the sequence of the U-shaped behaviour
  • C. morphemes that reflect the natural order of acquisition
  • D. speech styles ranging from formal to vernacular

Question 49

Question
49. Conscious application of rules to understand or produce the second language is the strategy of
Answer
  • A. inferencing
  • B. deduction
  • C. induction
  • D. resourcing

Question 50

Question
50. Inferencing is a strategy used in the process of
Answer
  • A. simplification
  • B. overgeneralization
  • C. hypothesis formation
  • D. hypothesis testing
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