Ecology Topic Quiz

Zoe Davis
Quiz by , created over 3 years ago

This quiz is on ecology, and contains content on adaptations, food pyramids and webs, interactions/symbiosis and habitats & environments

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Zoe Davis
Created by Zoe Davis over 3 years ago
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Question 1

Question
A structural adaptation is [blank_start]a physical feature of an organism[blank_end] that enables the organism to better survive its environment
Answer
  • a physical feature of an organism
  • an action carried out by an organism
  • a process occurring within an organism

Question 2

Question
A behavioural adaptation is [blank_start]an action carried out by an organism[blank_end] that enables the organism to better survive its environment
Answer
  • an action carried out by an organism
  • a physical feature of an organism
  • a process occurring within an organism

Question 3

Question
A physiological adaptation is [blank_start]a process occurring within an organism[blank_end] that enables the organism to better survive its environment
Answer
  • a process occurring within an organism
  • a physical feature of an organism
  • an action carried out by an organism

Question 4

Question
When penguins huddle together for warmth, this is a behavioural adaptation.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 5

Question
Seed pods opening from the heat of bushfire is a behavioural adaptation
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 6

Question
Penguins having different, individual calls is a structural adaptation
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 7

Question
Check the following behavioural adaptations:
Answer
  • Penguins huddling together for warmth
  • Seed pods opening under heat from a bushfire
  • Long, deep reaching roots to evade drought
  • when reptiles bask in the sun
  • sweating when its hot

Question 8

Question
An adaptation enables an organism to [blank_start]better survive its environment[blank_end]
Answer
  • better survive its environment

Question 9

Question
What is mutualism?
Answer
  • an interaction where one species benefits while the other is unaffected.
  • an interaction where both organisms benefit
  • an interaction where one organism at the expense of another

Question 10

Question
In parasitism, the [blank_start]host[blank_end] suffers while the [blank_start]parasite[blank_end] benefits.
Answer
  • host
  • parasite

Question 11

Question
Commensalism is an interaction where one organism benefits while the other is [blank_start]unaffected[blank_end]
Answer
  • unaffected
  • harmed

Question 12

Question
[blank_start]Autotrophs[blank_end] use the sun or stored energy to make their own food, while [blank_start]heterotrophs[blank_end] depend on other organisms for food and energy.
Answer
  • Autotrophs
  • heterotrophs

Question 13

Question
heterotrophs are consumers
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 14

Question
Check the examples of abiotic features
Answer
  • plant life
  • temperature
  • humidity
  • animal species
  • quality of soil

Question 15

Question
check the examples of biotic features:
Answer
  • amount of sun
  • plant life
  • average wind speeds
  • humidity
  • animal species

Question 16

Question
Biotic is the living features of an environment
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 17

Question
Abiotic is the living features of an environment
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 18

Question
Examples of biological control are:
Answer
  • Introduction of a predator species to reduce numbers of a pest
  • culling of populations of pests
  • breeding programs that aim to increase the numbers of a species

Question 19

Question
[blank_start]Herbivores[blank_end] eat only plants [blank_start]Carnivores[blank_end] eat mostly meat [blank_start]Omnivores[blank_end] eat both plants and meat
Answer
  • Herbivores
  • Carnivores
  • Omnivores
  • Carnivores
  • Herbivores
  • Omnivores
  • Omnivores
  • Herbivores
  • Carnivores

Question 20

Question
A [blank_start]predator[blank_end] kills other animals for food. The hunted animals are called [blank_start]prey[blank_end]. [blank_start]Scavengers[blank_end] will eat the remains of other animals, or attack sick or dying animals.
Answer
  • predator
  • prey
  • scavengers
  • predator
  • prey
  • scavengers
  • predator
  • prey
  • scavengers

Question 21

Question
[blank_start]Decomposers[blank_end] break down/absorb waste and dead organisms
Answer
  • Decomposers
  • Autotrophs
  • Producers

Question 22

Question
A producer is...
Answer
  • an organism that kills other organisms for food
  • an organism that creates its own food
  • an animal who eats both plants and meat
  • a group of bacteria that aid the growth of plants and trees

Question 23

Question
A consumer gets energy from eating other organisms
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 24

Question
The trophic levels, in order, are: 1. [blank_start]Tertiary Consumers[blank_end] 2. [blank_start]Secondary Consumers[blank_end] 3. [blank_start]Primary Consumers[blank_end] 4. [blank_start]Producers[blank_end]
Answer
  • Tertiary Consumers
  • Secondary Consumers
  • Primary Consumers
  • Producers

Question 25

Question
The arrows in food chains and webs show...
Answer
  • energy flow up the food chain
  • that organism 2 is eaten by organism 1
  • that organism 1 is eaten by organism 2

Question 26

Question
Biomass shows the combined mass of living organisms in a certain area
Answer
  • True
  • False