Chapter 2: Environment Systems: Matter, Energy and Ecosystems

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This is for Assignment #2

Resource summary

Question 1

Question
1) A______is a network of relationships among components that interact with and influence one another through the exchange of energy, water and information.
Answer
  • Molecule
  • System
  • Species
  • Estuary

Question 2

Question
2) Which of the following specifically contains all of the planet's living organisms and nonliving parts of the environment in which they interact?
Answer
  • Atmosphere
  • Ecologisphere
  • Hydrosphere
  • Biosphere

Question 3

Question
3) The______contains the rock and sediments beneath earth's surface in the planet's uppermost layers.
Answer
  • Meoterosphere
  • Lithosphere
  • Siesmophere
  • Mantle

Question 4

Question
4)The process of nutrient over-enrichment, oxygen depletion in the bottom layers of water, increased production of organic matter, and subsequent ecosystem degradation is known as_____.
Answer
  • Nitrification
  • Deoxization
  • Eutrophication
  • Detrification

Question 5

Question
5) Positively charged particles in atoms are called_____.
Answer
  • Electrons
  • Neutrons
  • Ions
  • Protons

Question 6

Question
6) What kind of bond is formed between two atoms that lack an electrical charge and therefore share electrons?
Answer
  • Covalent Bonds
  • Ionic Bonds
  • Hydrocarbon Bonds
  • Isotopic Bonds

Question 7

Question
7) Ammonia would be considered a _____solution.
Answer
  • Neutral
  • Basic
  • Acidic
  • OH+ concentrated

Question 8

Question
8) Lemon juice would most likely be considered a _____solution.
Answer
  • Basic
  • Neutral
  • H+ concentrated
  • OH- concentrated

Question 9

Question
9) Which of the following polymers help in producing tissues and structural support, serve as enzymes, and even help to store energy and transport substances?
Answer
  • Lipids
  • Carbohydrates
  • Nucleic Acids
  • Proteins

Question 10

Question
10) Glucose is broken down into water and carbon dioxide through________.
Answer
  • Cellular Respiration
  • Photosynthesis
  • Transpiration
  • Kinetic Infiltration

Question 11

Question
11) This law states that energy will naturally change from an ordered state to increasing disorder or entropy.
Answer
  • Law of Conversation of Matter
  • First Law of Thermodynamics
  • Second Law of Thermodynamics

Question 12

Question
12) Most green plants, algae, and cyanobacteria are known as______.
Answer
  • Autotrophs
  • Heterotrophs
  • Consumers
  • Detritivores

Question 13

Question
13) The biogeochemical cycle plays an important part by________.
Answer
  • Transporting nutrients, sediments and pollutants from land to the bodies of water, through the atmosphere and back to land or water again.
  • Circulating elements or molecules through the lithosphere, atmosphere, hydrosphere and biosphere. After death of an organism, nutrients are spread through the environment and eventually incorporated by an untold number of other organisms.
  • Through the absorption of water and carbon dioxide to create energy.

Question 14

Question
14.) Evaporation, precipitation, transpiration, and infiltration are all processes in the ________cycle.
Answer
  • Nitrogen Fixation
  • Carbon
  • Nutrient
  • Hydrologic

Question 15

Question
15.) What cycle is being interrupted through the burning of fields and forests?
Answer
  • Carbon Cycle
  • Hydrologic Cycle
  • Biogeochemical Cycle
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