Nutrients involved in bone health (chp.15)

Jess Weistuch
Quiz by Jess Weistuch, updated more than 1 year ago
Jess Weistuch
Created by Jess Weistuch about 6 years ago
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Description

NFS 210 exam 3 review

Resource summary

Question 1

Question
What is the most abundant mineral in the human body?
Answer
  • Potassium
  • Calcium
  • Phosphorus
  • Magnesium

Question 2

Question
99% of calcium in the body is located in bones
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 3

Question
Food additives are a source of THIS bone health nutrient; this is also a mineral that plays a role in the transport of lipids in the body because it is a component of lipoproteins.
Answer
  • Phosphorus
  • Fluoride
  • Calcium
  • Magnesium

Question 4

Question
Which is NOT a major function of calcium in the blood?
Answer
  • blood clotting
  • muscle contractions
  • nerve impulses
  • regulates heart beat/blood pressure
  • all of these are major functions of calcium in the blood

Question 5

Question
Calcitonin is a hormone produced by the parathyroid gland and ultimately raises blood calcium levels.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 6

Question
Which fat-soluble vitamin is important in the synthesis and maintenance of bones in the body?
Answer
  • Vitamin E
  • Vitamin K
  • Vitamin D
  • Vitamin C

Question 7

Question
Green, leafy vegetables are a good source of what nutrient because it is a part of the chlorophyll?
Answer
  • Magnesium
  • Calcium
  • Fluoride
  • Phosphorus

Question 8

Question
Absorption of what mineral is increased by estrogen, vitamin D and hydrochloric acid?
Answer
  • Phosphorus
  • Calcium
  • Fluoride
  • Magnesium

Question 9

Question
Sources of this nutrient include toothpaste and mouthwash.
Answer
  • Calcium
  • Magnesium
  • Chloride
  • Fluoride

Question 10

Question
These are the two types on tissues on your bones
Answer
  • Cortical
  • Collagen
  • Tribecular
  • Osteoblast

Question 11

Question
Which does NOT correctly match with it's function.
Answer
  • Osteoblasts-build bone
  • Osteocytes-take up Ca from the bone
  • Osteoclasts-break the bone
  • all of these are correctly matched

Question 12

Question
Who are NOT at risk of getting calcium deficiency (osteoporosis)
Answer
  • postmenopausal women
  • lactose intolerant
  • vegans
  • elderly

Question 13

Question
Which is NOT a function of Phosphorus?
Answer
  • 80% in bones & teeth
  • Regulation of heartbeat & blood pressure
  • Phospholipids
  • Component of cell membranes, ATP, and DNA

Question 14

Question
These are sources of Phosphorus
Answer
  • baked goods
  • cheese
  • fatty fish
  • breakfast cereals
  • soda pop
  • mushrooms

Question 15

Question
Low calcium intake and high phosphorus intake can result in bone loss
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 16

Question
You can not obtain vitamin D from sunlight.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 17

Question
Osteomalacia means "large bones" and is the childhood deficiency for Vitamin D.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 18

Question
Osteoblasts are blne-building cells
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 19

Question
Most bone formation occurs ________.
Answer
  • between infancy and adolescence
  • between the ages of 20 and 30
  • between the ages of 30 and 40
  • over the age of 40

Question 20

Question
Significant nondairy sources of calcium include ____________.
Answer
  • almonds, beans, mustard greens, broccoli, and tofu
  • meat, eggs, and fish
  • whole-grain breads and cereals, peanuts, bananas, and spinach
  • all of the above

Question 21

Question
Calcium absorption is likely to be highest in ______________.
Answer
  • postmenopausal women
  • adults in middle age
  • adolescent males and females
  • both a and b

Question 22

Question
Which of the following is NOT a risk factor for osteoporosis?
Answer
  • low physical activity
  • low calcium and vitamin D intakes
  • obesity
  • amenorrhea

Question 23

Question
Low intakes of calcium and vitamin D have been associated with increased risk of cancer.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 24

Question
Phosphorus deficiency is a common problem in North America.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 25

Question
Over half of the magnesium in the body is found in the ________.
Answer
  • heart
  • liver
  • bones
  • brain

Question 26

Question
Which of the following helps protect against dental caries?
Answer
  • iodine
  • manganese
  • fluoride
  • chromium

Question 27

Question
Which of the following is a part of acquired (specific) immunity?
Answer
  • skin
  • hydrochloric acid
  • antibodies
  • fever

Question 28

Question
Antioxidants help minimize the damaging effect of free radicals.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 29

Question
Wheat germ and vegetable oils are good sources of Vitamin E.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 30

Question
Vitamin C is required for the formation of ____________, required to synthesize collagen.
Answer
  • tryptophan
  • serotonin
  • hydroxyproline
  • acetyl-CoA

Question 31

Question
Ingesting 1000 mg of supplemental vitamin C / day has been proven to prevent common colds.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 32

Question
Selenium deficiency can cause impaired thyroid hormone metabolism.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 33

Question
Which food provides very little vitamin A?
Answer
  • mango
  • spinach
  • banana
  • liver

Question 34

Question
Vitamin A is involved in all of the following functions EXCEPT _____________.
Answer
  • vision and dark adaptation
  • hemoglobin synthesis
  • resistance to infection
  • cell differentiation

Question 35

Question
Vitamin A deficiency is associated with the symptoms of night blindness, keratinization, and increased infections.
Answer
  • True
  • False
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