Geography Year 11 Unit 2 practice quiz

Erica C
Quiz by Erica C, updated more than 1 year ago
Erica C
Created by Erica C over 5 years ago
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Description

a quick study quiz for unit 2!

Resource summary

Question 1

Question
Facts about Earthquakes: Within the earth, there is tremendous heat as much as 1500 degrees fahrenheit. Heat rises and tries to escape between and through the plates. Consequently, the plates may be displaced and/or ruptured.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 2

Question
An earthquake can:
Answer
  • Make buildings split and crumble or fall into large cracks.
  • Destroy roads, railroad tracks, and bridges. Telephone poles and electric lines are ruined.
  • Change the course of rivers and streams. Mountains may have avalanches or be split and leveled, and flat land can become lumpy and even hilly or mountainous.
  • Break water pipes, cause flooding.
  • All of the above.
  • None of the above.

Question 3

Question
Many earthquakes take place on ocean bottoms.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 4

Question
Describe how tectonic plates work.
Answer
  • They collide with one another and squish into big slabs of rock.
  • They are able to float due to the age of rocks. Since there are great variations in plate ages it can compensate for the length and weight of the crust, and since continental rocks are much heavier the much thicker crust below can hold it.
  • They are able to float due to the composition of rocks. Since there are great variations in plate thickness it can compensate for the weight and density of the crust, and since continental rocks are much lighter the much thicker crust below can support it better.
  • They are able to float because of the layout. The variations in where the plates lie allows them to move around freely and occasionally they will collide.
  • All of the above.
  • None of the above.

Question 5

Question
What does the term "Polar Dinosaurs in Australia" refer to?
Answer
  • The dinosaurs who lived at the North pole a long time and swam to Australia later when they were in need of food.
  • It just refers to the animals that look like polar bears now living in Australia.
  • The Dinosaur bones found in Australia, discovered by Scientist R.J Polar.
  • Some of the well-preserved dinosaurs in Australia that are believed to have lived in cold areas a long time ago.

Question 6

Question
A divergent plate boundary is when two plate boundaries move towards each other.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 7

Question
A convergent plate boundary is when the tectonic plates move towards each other.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 8

Question
A transform plate boundary is when two plate boundaries:
Answer
  • Move away from each other.
  • Move towards each other.
  • Slide past one another.

Question 9

Question
A volcano belt is where:
Answer
  • Volcano action is most likely to occur.
  • The area is safe from volcanoes.
  • A volcano erupts every day.

Question 10

Question
100% of volcanic eruptions occur in the northern hemisphere.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 11

Question
Describe the term "pyroclastic surge"[blank_start],[blank_end] and what can it do it do to humans[blank_start]?[blank_end]
Answer
  • volcanic avalanche
  • turns them to charcoal

Question 12

Question
The kind of Eruption that took place at Mount Vesuvius was a [blank_start]____[blank_end] eruption, one of the most violent forces of nature.
Answer
  • Plinean

Question 13

Question
[blank_start]______[blank_end] igneous rocks are formed when a volcano erupts and [blank_start]_____,[blank_end] or [blank_start]____[blank_end], flows over the surface.
Answer
  • Extrusive
  • molten rock
  • lava

Question 14

Question
[blank_start]_____[blank_end] igneous rocks are formed when molten rock [blank_start]____[blank_end] deep within the lithosphere.
Answer
  • Intrusive
  • solidifies

Question 15

Question
You can account for the differences in appearance of rocks such as obsidian, basalt and tuff by knowing that basalt often has a crystalline structure and are intrusive, obsidian resembles black glass, and tuff is the result of volcanic ash which is cemented together.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 16

Question
Intrusive features eventually end up on the surface as [blank_start]_____[blank_end] gradually wears down the rock above it.
Answer
  • erosion

Question 17

Question
Sediment is formed:
Answer
  • The same way as Igneous rock.
  • By deposits of broken up material that accumulates in lakes and oceans.
  • By deposits of grasses and other plant life that accumulates on hills and plains.
  • All of the above.

Question 18

Question
[blank_start]___[blank_end] occurs when new layers of sediment are deposited on top of older layers and the weight squeezes out any spaces between particles that make up the lower layers, flattening the particles and causing them to interlock. [blank_start]______[blank_end] occurs when minerals, dissolved in water, filter through the sediment and act as cement grains together to form sedimentary rock.
Answer
  • Compaction
  • Cementation

Question 19

Question
Metamorphic rocks are formed through enormous [blank_start]___[blank_end] and temperatures reaching over 300 degrees celsius.
Answer
  • pressure

Question 20

Question
There are more metamorphic rocks than any other kinds of rock since they are formed in low pressure.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 21

Question
Mineral deposits are concentrated in geological structures through ___ and ___.
Answer
  • Erosion.
  • Weathering.
  • Pollution.
  • Time.

Question 22

Question
An element (a geologic building block) can be broken down into multiple substances.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 23

Question
Minerals are inorganic compounds consisting of one or more elements found in the lithosphere. It must be: 1) A [blank_start]____[blank_end] solid. (Atoms are arranged consistently). 2) Occur [blank_start]___[blank_end]. 3) Have a specific [blank_start]___[blank_end] composition.
Answer
  • crystalline
  • naturally
  • chemical

Question 24

Question
3 types of crust include [blank_start]__[blank_end], [blank_start]__[blank_end], and [blank_start]__[blank_end].
Answer
  • Igneous rock
  • Sedimentary Rock
  • Metamorphic

Question 25

Question
Igneous rock forms in what?
Answer
  • Magma (underground), lava (on surface).
  • Magma (on surface), laval (underground).
  • Cool, icy patches in the crust.
  • Just magma.
  • Just lava.

Question 26

Question
Two types of Igneous rock. [blank_start]___[blank_end], which forms in lava and has very fine grains. [blank_start]____[blank_end], which forms in magma and has coarse grains.
Answer
  • Extrusive
  • Intrusive

Question 27

Question
Sedimentary rock consists of sediment and originates from pre-existing rock.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 28

Question
[blank_start]____[blank_end] is when the rock particles are cemented together and crystallized from tremendous heat and pressure.
Answer
  • Lithification

Question 29

Question
Sedimentary rocks are always formed into vertical layers.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 30

Question
Metamorphic rock undergo a change in shape AND mineral composition, changing a it's still solid.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 31

Question
What zones have the worst earthquake tremors, and how deep can they get?
Answer
  • Subduction zones, and 300 km.
  • Subduction zones and 1000 km.
  • Subduction zones and 500 km.
  • Extrusive zones and 300 km.

Question 32

Question
Earthquakes are measured with (check all that apply):
Answer
  • Seismometer (measures intensity of quakes).
  • Seismograph (graphs created by seismometers).
  • Seisocharts (charts created by seismometers).
  • The Rinten Scale - most popular scale to measure quakes, based on intensity over a given distance.
  • The Richter Scale - most popular scale to measure quakes, based on intensity over a given distance.
  • The Susan Scale - most popular scale to measure quakes, based on intensity over a given distance.

Question 33

Question
Body waves travel away from quake's focus. What are S, P, Rayleigh waves, and Love waves?
Answer
  • P waves - Primary waves, travel through air, solid, liquid, in a straight line. A body wave. S waves - Secondary waves, travels through solids, more violent zigzags. A body wave. Love waves - Travel like S waves, side to side, a surface wave. Rayleigh waves - Behaves like rolling ocean waves, surface wave.
  • P waves - Primary waves, travel through air, solid, liquid, in a straight line. A body wave. S waves - Behaves like rolling ocean waves, surface wave. Love waves - Secondary waves, travels through solids, more violent zigzags. A body wave. Rayleigh waves - Travel like S waves, side to side, a surface wave.
  • S waves - Primary waves, travel through air, solid, liquid, in a straight line. A body wave. Rayleigh waves -Travel like S waves, side to side, a surface wave. Love waves - Secondary waves, travels through solids, more violent zigzags. A body wave. P waves - Behaves like rolling ocean waves, surface wave.
  • P waves - Behaves like rolling ocean waves, surface wave. Love waves - Travel like S waves, side to side, a surface wave. Rayleigh waves - Primary waves, travel through air, solid, liquid, in a straight line. A body wave. S waves - Secondary waves, travels through solids, more violent zigzags. A body wave.

Question 34

Question
Tsunamis are always a direct result of hurricanes.
Answer
  • True
  • False
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