Anatomy Week One Quiz

Amanda Ariotti
Quiz by Amanda Ariotti, updated more than 1 year ago
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Description

Describe major subdivisions/regions/cavities Discriminate between different levels of organisation Name major organs within each organ system Define common directional and spatial anatomical terms Define and recognise common anatomical planes
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Resource summary

Question 1

Question
Where in layman's terms is the popliteal region
Answer
  • Back of the knee
  • Back of the head
  • Back of the leg (calf)
  • Sole of the foot

Question 2

Question
The thin muscular wall that separates the thorax from the abdomen is the thoracic diapragm
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 3

Question
The coronal plane separates the body into [blank_start]anterior[blank_end] and [blank_start]posterior[blank_end] portions
Answer
  • anterior
  • posterior

Question 4

Question
The transverse plane separates the body into [blank_start]superior[blank_end] and [blank_start]inferior[blank_end] parts
Answer
  • superior
  • inferior

Question 5

Question
The midsaggital plane seperates the body into [blank_start]left[blank_end] and [blank_start]right[blank_end] halves
Answer
  • left
  • right

Question 6

Question
Regarding front and back relative terms: [blank_start]Anterior[blank_end] means in front of, or toward the front surface; [blank_start]Posterior[blank_end] means behind, or towards the rear surface. Similarly, [blank_start]Ventral[blank_end] means at the belly side of the human body, and [blank_start]Dorsal[blank_end] is at the back side of the human body
Answer
  • Anterior
  • Posterior
  • Ventral
  • Dorsal

Question 7

Question
The following is the definition of which word: closest to point of attachment to trunk, i.e. the elbow is .... to the wrist
Answer
  • Distal
  • Cranial
  • Proximal
  • Posterior

Question 8

Question
Which word is the correct definition of the following: furthest from the point of attachment to the trunk, ie the wrist is .... to the elbow
Answer
  • Proximal
  • Cranial
  • Distal
  • Occipital

Question 9

Question
In relative terms, [blank_start]deep[blank_end] is on the inside, or internal to another structure, whereas [blank_start]superficial[blank_end] means on the outside
Answer
  • deep
  • superficial

Question 10

Question
The body is partitioned into two main regions. The [blank_start]axial[blank_end] region includes the head, [blank_start]neck[blank_end] and trunk; and the [blank_start]appendicular[blank_end] region includes the upper and lower limbs
Answer
  • axial
  • neck
  • appendicular

Question 11

Question
Match the terms Cephalic [blank_start]Head[blank_end] Orbital [blank_start]Eye[blank_end] [blank_start]Buccal[blank_end] Cheek [blank_start]Nasal[blank_end] Nose Oral [blank_start]Mouth[blank_end] [blank_start]Cervical[blank_end] Neck Deltoid Shoulder Mental [blank_start]Chin[blank_end] [blank_start]Axillary[blank_end] Armpit [blank_start]Brachial[blank_end] Arm (from shoulder to elbow) Antecubital [blank_start]Front of elbow[blank_end] Auricular Ear Occipital [blank_start]Back of head[blank_end] Pectoral [blank_start]Chest[blank_end] Mammary [blank_start]Breast[blank_end] [blank_start]Olecranal[blank_end] Elbow Gluteal [blank_start]Buttock[blank_end] Abdominal [blank_start]Abdomen[blank_end] Antebrachial [blank_start]Forearm (front and back)[blank_end] Vertebral [blank_start]Spinal Column[blank_end] [blank_start]Palmar[blank_end] Palm [blank_start]Digital[blank_end] Finger [blank_start]Coxal[blank_end] Hip [blank_start]Inguinal[blank_end] Groin [blank_start]Manus[blank_end] Hand [blank_start]Femoral[blank_end] Thigh Popliteal [blank_start]Back of the knee[blank_end] Sural [blank_start]Calf[blank_end] [blank_start]Calcaneal[blank_end] Heel Plantar [blank_start]Sole of foot[blank_end] Tarsal [blank_start]Ankle[blank_end] [blank_start]Pes[blank_end] Foot Patellar [blank_start]Kneecap[blank_end] Crural [blank_start]Leg (from knee to ankle)[blank_end] Pelvic Pelvis Sternal Sternum
Answer
  • Head
  • Eye
  • Eye
  • Ankle
  • Buccal
  • Mental
  • Nasal
  • Nares
  • Mouth
  • Nose
  • Cervical
  • Thoracic
  • Chin
  • Nose
  • Brachial
  • Calcaneal
  • Axillary
  • Popliteal
  • Front of elbow
  • Back of knee
  • Back of head
  • Front of elbow
  • Chest
  • Back
  • Breast
  • Neck
  • Olecranal
  • Crural
  • Buttock
  • Back
  • Abdomen
  • Chest
  • Forearm (front and back)
  • Elbow (back)
  • Spinal Column
  • Brain
  • Palmar
  • Pes
  • Digital
  • Metatarsal
  • Coxal
  • Os Coxa
  • Inguinal
  • Abdominal
  • Manus
  • Digital
  • Femoral
  • Patellar
  • Back of the knee
  • Front of the knee
  • Calf
  • Shin
  • Calcaneal
  • Olecranal
  • Sole of foot
  • Toes
  • Ankle
  • Foot
  • Pes
  • Ped
  • Kneecap
  • Shoulder
  • Leg (from knee to ankle)
  • Calf

Question 12

Question
The two main body cavities include the [blank_start]posterior[blank_end] aspect and the [blank_start]ventral[blank_end] cavity. The [blank_start]Posterior[blank_end] aspect includes the [blank_start]cranial[blank_end] cavity and the [blank_start]vertebral canal[blank_end]. The [blank_start]ventral[blank_end] cavity includes the [blank_start]thoracic[blank_end] cavity, and the [blank_start]abdominopelvic[blank_end] cavity. This cavity can be further subdivided into the [blank_start]abdominal[blank_end] cavity and the [blank_start]pelvic[blank_end] cavity
Answer
  • posterior
  • anterior
  • Posterior
  • cranial
  • vertebral canal
  • anterior
  • thoracic
  • abdominopelvic
  • abdominal
  • pelvic

Question 13

Question
The anatomical term, meaning to lie down, is
Answer
  • Posterior
  • Lateral
  • Distal
  • Decubitus

Question 14

Question
In regards to anatomical decubitus positions, [blank_start]supine[blank_end] means to lie on your back, prone means to lie on your [blank_start]front[blank_end], and left lateral decubitus means to lie on your [blank_start]left[blank_end] side
Answer
  • supine
  • front
  • left

Question 15

Question
In the standard anatomical position, the subject is [blank_start]erect[blank_end], with hands [blank_start]supinated[blank_end], feet slightly [blank_start]apart[blank_end] or together, facing [blank_start]forward[blank_end] and [blank_start]flat[blank_end].
Answer
  • erect
  • supine
  • prone
  • supinated
  • pronated
  • apart
  • together
  • forward
  • outward
  • flat
  • splayed

Question 16

Question
This sentence features the incorrect usage of the terms median and medial: the aorta is median in position and lies medial to the kidneys
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 17

Question
In the lower limb, the tibia is [blank_start]distal[blank_end] to the femur of the thigh, the femur being the most [blank_start]proximal[blank_end] bone of the lower limb
Answer
  • distal
  • proximal
  • proximal
  • distal

Question 18

Question
The structural organisation of the human body is 1. [blank_start]Chemical[blank_end] 2. [blank_start]Cellular[blank_end] 3. [blank_start]Tissue[blank_end] 4. [blank_start]Organ[blank_end] 5. [blank_start]Organ System[blank_end] 6. [blank_start]Organism[blank_end]
Answer
  • Chemical
  • Cellular
  • Tissue
  • Organ
  • Organ System
  • Organism

Question 19

Question
Tissues are structures composed of similar cell types
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 20

Question
Muscle tissue generates [blank_start]movement[blank_end] Nervous tissue [blank_start]conducts[blank_end] impulses for [blank_start]internal communication[blank_end] Epithelial tissue lines [blank_start]exposed[blank_end] surfaces and body [blank_start]cavities[blank_end] Connective tissues are often found [blank_start]supporting[blank_end] body structures (i.e. [blank_start]tendon[blank_end]). Can be solid (i.e. [blank_start]bone[blank_end]) or liquid (i.e [blank_start]blood[blank_end])
Answer
  • movement
  • conducts
  • internal communication
  • exposed
  • cavities
  • supporting
  • tendon
  • bone
  • blood

Question 21

Question
An organ is a tissue composed of only one type of primary tissue.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 22

Question
The front plane is also called the
Answer
  • coronal plane
  • coronary plane
  • distal plane

Question 23

Question
The transverse section is also called the cross-sectional plane or the
Answer
  • posterior section
  • horizontal plane
  • posterior aspect

Question 24

Question
The three major anatomic planes of reference are the ..... plane, the ..... plane and the ..... plane
Answer
  • coronal
  • transverse
  • midsaggital
  • supine
  • anterior

Question 25

Question
Tissues are precise organisations of similar cells that perform specialised functions. 4 primary tissues types are
Answer
  • epithelial
  • muscle
  • connective
  • nervous
  • skeletal

Question 26

Question
The major subdivisions of anatomy include [blank_start]cadaveric[blank_end] anatomy (include [blank_start]macroscopic[blank_end] and microscopic anatomy) and living anatomy (including [blank_start]surface[blank_end], [blank_start]endoscopic[blank_end] and imaging anatomy)
Answer
  • cadaveric
  • macroscopic
  • surface
  • endoscopic

Question 27

Question
If an incision cuts the brain into superior and inferior parts, the section is a [blank_start]transverse[blank_end] section; but if the brain is cut so that anterior and posterior portions result, the section is a [blank_start]coronal[blank_end] section.
Answer
  • transverse
  • coronal

Question 28

Question
The ulna consists mainly of [blank_start]connective[blank_end] tissue (name the primary tissue in highest abundance).
Answer
  • connective

Question 29

Question
Use appropriate anatomical terminology to explain the spatial anatomical relationship: The wrist/[blank_start]carpus[blank_end] is [blank_start]proximal[blank_end] to the hand/[blank_start]manus.[blank_end]
Answer
  • proximal
  • carpus
  • manus

Question 30

Question
Using the terms in italics, determine the correct anatomical relationship between the organs: The extensor digitorum muscle is located [blank_start]distal[blank_end] to the biceps brachii muscle.
Answer
  • distal

Question 31

Question
The brain is composed largely of [blank_start]nervous[blank_end] tissue. (Name the primary tissue in highest abundance)
Answer
  • nervous

Question 32

Question
Match the following anatomical terms with their English translation. A. chin [blank_start]mental[blank_end] B. behind the knee [blank_start]popliteal[blank_end] C. armpit [blank_start]axillary[blank_end] D. hip region [blank_start]coxal[blank_end]
Answer
  • mental
  • popliteal
  • axillary
  • coxal

Question 33

Question
Which two planes can section the human body so that the right and left lungs can be seen in the one section? [blank_start]transverse[blank_end] and [blank_start]coronal[blank_end], the second plane (y) being a vertical plane.
Answer
  • transverse
  • coronal
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