Evolution study

zully arias8269
Quiz by , created over 3 years ago

evolution practice quiz from powerpoint slides

34
0
0
Tags
zully arias8269
Created by zully arias8269 over 3 years ago
ITIL Quiz 101-150
Chuck Willis
B1.1 - Balanced Diet
bekg
Cellular and Molecular Biology Lesson 1 of 5 - Cells
erica_dietlein
Algebraic Fractions
Olivia McKenzie
GCSE Chemistry C3 (OCR)
Usman Rauf
Fossils and evolution (edexcel)
10ia3416
A-Level Revision Timetable
yasmin.100
GCSE AQA Biology 1 Evolution
Lilac Potato
Genetics Quiz.
Courtney Baxter
Evolution - B1
Georgia Freeman

Question 1

Question
Georges Cuvier [blank_start](anatomist / catastrophism)[blank_end] Jean Baptiste Lamark [blank_start](acquired traits)[blank_end] Charles Lyell [blank_start](geology)[blank_end] Thomas Malthus [blank_start](populations)[blank_end] Alfred Wallace [blank_start](natural selection)[blank_end] Charles Darwin (natural selection)
Answer
  • (anatomist / catastrophism)
  • (biology)
  • (acquired traits)
  • (genetics)
  • (geology)
  • (anatomy)
  • (populations)
  • (alleles)
  • (natural selection)
  • evolution

Question 2

Question
Evolution.. (3 answers)
Answer
  • Is a gradual process of change
  • Is a gradual change in the gene pool of a population
  • Can be divided into 3 categories
  • Is an abrupt process of change
  • Is an abrupt change in the gene pool of a population
  • Can be divided into 4 categories

Question 3

Question
These 3 things happen in evolution:
Answer
  • Genes mutate
  • Individuals are selected
  • Chaos occurs
  • Populations evolve
  • People fail to adapt
  • Mutations dissolve

Question 4

Question
• Microevolution: [blank_start]change within a species[blank_end] • Macroevolution: [blank_start]large changes creating a new species[blank_end] • [blank_start]Macroevolution[blank_end] is cumulative [blank_start]microevolution[blank_end]
Answer
  • change within a species
  • little change in populations
  • large changes creating a new species
  • Macroevolution
  • microevolution
  • large changes within a species

Question 5

Question
The types of evolution are
Answer
  • Convergent
  • Divergent
  • Co-evolution
  • Advergent
  • Provergent
  • Dis-evolution

Question 6

Question
Animals look similar but are not related in
Answer
  • Divergent evolution
  • Convergent evolution
  • Co-evolution
  • Dis-evolution

Question 7

Question
The process by which two or more species become more and more dissimilar is
Answer
  • Convergent evolution
  • Co-evolution
  • Dis-Evolution
  • Divergent evolution

Question 8

Question
Match the co-evolution examples Predator & [blank_start]prey[blank_end] Bats & [blank_start]flower[blank_end] Bees & [blank_start]plants[blank_end] Lemming & [blank_start]wolf[blank_end] Wolf & [blank_start]moose[blank_end]
Answer
  • prey
  • predator
  • flower
  • bats
  • plants
  • bees
  • wolf
  • lemming
  • moose
  • deer

Question 9

Question
All of these are evidence of evolution EXCEPT (check all that apply)
Answer
  • Fossil
  • Footage
  • Biochemistry
  • Migration patterns
  • Homologies
  • Adaptations
  • Vestigial structures
  • Comparative embryology
  • Species today
  • Diets

Question 10

Question
Structures that are similar in their fundamental layout & construction and suggest a common ancestry are
Answer
  • Homologous
  • Analogous
  • Vestigial

Question 11

Question
Structures similar in appearance and function, but from different origins are
Answer
  • Homologous
  • Analogous
  • Vestigial

Question 12

Question
Structures that are no longer useful but are presumed to have been necessary in ancestral species are
Answer
  • Homologous
  • Analogous
  • Vestigial

Question 13

Question
The agents of change are...
Answer
  • Mutation
  • Environment
  • Natural selection
  • Extinction
  • Genetic drift
  • Recombination
  • Gene flow
  • Alleles
  • Dietary patterns
  • Movement

Question 14

Question
Mutations occur by chance
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 15

Question
Rate of mutation can be influenced by environment
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 16

Question
Mutations help decrease genetic variation
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 17

Question
The three types of mutations are..
Answer
  • Point mutation
  • Frame shift mutation
  • Random mutation
  • Recombination
  • Loose mutation
  • Active mutation

Question 18

Question
Variation is not inheritable
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 19

Question
Offspring tend to resemble their parents
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 20

Question
Variations can increase chance of survival
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 21

Question
All organisms are prone to reproduce equally
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 22

Question
Survival of the [blank_start]fittest[blank_end]
Answer
  • fittest
  • smartest
  • modest
  • oldest

Question 23

Question
Natural selection decreases [blank_start]genetic variation[blank_end] and increases [blank_start]speciation[blank_end]
Answer
  • genetic variation
  • speciation

Question 24

Question
The examples of natural selection are
Answer
  • Pesticide resistance
  • Darwin's finches
  • Antibiotic resistance
  • artificial selection
  • sickle cell anemia
  • Peppered moths
  • cancer cells
  • Mutations
  • Genetic variation

Question 25

Question
Types of selection [blank_start]Stabilizing[blank_end] - optimum for most average trait [blank_start]Directional[blank_end] - extreme forms of the trait are selected for [blank_start]Disruptive[blank_end] - extremes in traits have greater fitness [blank_start]Sexual[blank_end] - dimorphism attraction
Answer
  • Stabilizing
  • Directional
  • Disruptive
  • Sexual

Question 26

Question
[blank_start]Genetic Flow[blank_end] is... Transfer of genes from different populations Movement of individuals from one population to another. [blank_start]Genetic Drift[blank_end] is... Allele frequencies in a population change as a result of random events Related to small populations
Answer
  • Genetic Flow
  • Genetic Drift

Question 27

Question
Movement in: [blank_start]Immigration[blank_end] (increasing variation) Movement out: [blank_start]emigration[blank_end] (decreasing variation)
Answer
  • Immigration
  • emigration

Question 28

Question
An evolutionary event in which a significant % of the species or populations is killed and causes a loss in genetic variation is
Answer
  • Bottleneck effect
  • Founders effect

Question 29

Question
When a small population leaves a larger one and causes allele from small groups to begin to diversify from the large group is
Answer
  • Bottleneck effect
  • Founders effect

Question 30

Question
Order of Taxonomy: [blank_start]Kingdom[blank_end] [blank_start]Phylum[blank_end] [blank_start]Class[blank_end] [blank_start]Order[blank_end] [blank_start]Family[blank_end] [blank_start]Genus[blank_end] [blank_start]Species[blank_end]
Answer
  • Kingdom
  • Phylum
  • Class
  • Order
  • Family
  • Genus
  • Species

Question 31

Question
Hardy-Weinberg [blank_start]FAILS[blank_end] due to: Mutation Gene Flow Genetic Drift Non-random mating Natural Selection Hardy-Weinberg Equilibrium [blank_start]WORKS[blank_end] due to: Large population Random mating No mutation No migration No natural selection
Answer
  • FAILS
  • WORKS

Question 32

Question
For evolution to occur, gene frequencies must [blank_start]change[blank_end]. (lowercase)
Answer
  • change