Colq1Sem2

Tayab Hafiz
Quiz by Tayab Hafiz, updated more than 1 year ago More Less
Tayab Hafiz
Created by Tayab Hafiz over 3 years ago
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Question 1

Question
Pectoral nerves are branches of the medial and lateral cords of the brachial plexus?
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 2

Question
Long thoracic nerve is a direct branch of the roots of the brachial plexus?
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 3

Question
Dorsal scapular nerve is a direct branch of the roots of the brachial plexus?
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 4

Question
The surasternal space is between the superficial (investing) and middle lamina of deep cervical fascia
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 5

Question
The phrenic nerve is a part of the neurovascular bundle of the neck.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 6

Question
The subclavian vessels arch over the anterior surface of the dome of the pleura.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 7

Question
In lymphatic drainage of the breast, the major portion (about 75%) enters eventually into which group of nodes?
Answer
  • Central axillary
  • Deltopectoral
  • Lateral axillary
  • Parasternal
  • Subscapular

Question 8

Question
The clavipectoral fascia is penetrated by which artery?
Answer
  • Anterior circumflex humeral
  • Axillary
  • Subscapular
  • Thoracoacromial
  • Thoracodorsal

Question 9

Question
During a motorcycle accident, an 18-year-old male landed on the right lateral side of his rib cage with his right upper limb abducted. In the hospital he was found to have "winging" of the right scapula. Which nerve was likely damaged in the accident?
Answer
  • Accessory
  • Lateral pectoral
  • Long thoracic
  • Phrenic
  • Vagus

Question 10

Question
Upon finding a malignant tumor in the medial portion of the breast of a 40-year-old female, the surgeon began to search for the lymph nodes that would be the first ones reached by metastatic spread of cancer cells from this site. Which group(s) would have to be examined to determine whether metastasis had occurred?
Answer
  • Central only
  • Parasternal only
  • Parasternal and apical
  • Parasternal and lateral
  • Parasternal and pectoral

Question 11

Question
The structures that pass through the quadrangular space are:
Answer
  • a. axillaris
  • n. axillaris
  • n. subscapularis
  • a. circumflexa humeri ant.
  • a. circumflexa humeri post.

Question 12

Question
The anterior wall of fossa axillaris comprises:
Answer
  • m. pectoralis minor
  • m. pectoralis major
  • m. subclavius
  • m. serratus ant.
  • m. deltoideus

Question 13

Question
The medial cord of the brachial plexus
Answer
  • gives a branch to the pectoralis major muscle
  • gives origin to the ulnar nerve
  • forms part of the median nerve
  • contains fibres of the fifth cervical spinal nerve
  • lies behind the axillary artery in part of its course

Question 14

Question
The axillary nerve
Answer
  • has no cutaneous branches
  • supplies the deltoid and teres minor muscles
  • passes backwards inferior to the teres major muscle
  • contains fibres from the fifth and sixth cervical spinal nerves
  • is medial to the long head of the triceps muscle

Question 15

Question
The pectoralis major muscle
Answer
  • is attached to the floor of the intertubercular sulcus (bicipital groove)
  • is supplied by branches of the three cords of the brachial plexus
  • is a lateral rotator of the upper arm at the glenohumeral joint
  • is involved in flexion of the upper arm at the glenohumeral joint
  • it is used in climbing a rope by means of the upper limbs

Question 16

Question
The approximate verterbral level of
Answer
  • the jugular (suprasternal) notch is the second thoracic vertebra
  • the sternal angle is the fourth thoracic vertbra
  • the xiphoid process of the sternum is the ninth thoracic vertebra
  • the lowest level of the costal (subcostal) margin is the third lumbar vertebra
  • the transpyloric plane is the first lumbar vertebra

Question 17

Question
The posterior cord of the brachial plexus
Answer
  • contains fibres from only the seventh and eight cervical spinal nerves
  • gives off a branch which joins the median nerve
  • is lateral to the axillary artery in the proximal part of its course
  • gives off branches which supply the subscapularis, teres major and latissimus dorsi muscles
  • contains fibres which supply the muscles on the back of the forearm

Question 18

Question
The median nerve
Answer
  • arises by two roots, one from the lateral cord and the other from the medial cord of the brachial plexus
  • does not contain fibres originating in the first thoracic spinal nerve
  • lies medial to the axillary artery in the axilla
  • supplies all the flexor muscles in the front of the forearm
  • is commonly the motor nerve to the abductor pollicis brevis muscle

Question 19

Question
The upper trunk of the brachial plexus
Answer
  • contains fibres which supply the teres minor muscle
  • supplies muscles which abduct the upper limb at the shoulder joint
  • contains fibres which supply the skin on the proximal medial aspect of the upper limb
  • supplies some of the muscles which flex the upper limb at the shoulder joint
  • supplies muscles which produce medial rotation at the shoulder joint

Question 20

Question
Foramen axillare laterale contains:
Answer
  • A. axillaris
  • N. axillaris
  • N. subscapularis
  • A. circumflexa humeri anterior
  • A. circumflexa humeri posterior

Question 21

Question
List the branches of the axillary artery: A[blank_start].[blank_end] B[blank_start].[blank_end] C[blank_start].[blank_end] D[blank_start].[blank_end] E[blank_start].[blank_end]
Answer
  • Superior thoracic
  • lateral thoracic
  • thoracoacromial
  • Subscapular
  • Anterior humeral circumflex

Question 22

Question
Regio scapularis is a back region
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 23

Question
The anterior rami of C1 through C4 take part in the formation of cervical plexus.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 24

Question
The boundaries between the thoracic region and the back are the anterior axillary lines.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 25

Question
Sternocleidomastoid is a superficial muscle of the back.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 26

Question
M. latissimus dorsi is a powerful extensor of the arm.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 27

Question
Superficial muscles of the back are supplied by dorsal branches of spinal nerves.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 28

Question
Auscultation triangle on the back is located medial to the scapula.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 29

Question
Serratus posterior superior muscle is a muscle of inspiration.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 30

Question
Muscles of the back are arranged in three groups with distinct functions.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 31

Question
Erector spinae muscle is made of three columns.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 32

Question
Intermediate muscles of the back are respiratory muscles.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 33

Question
Platysma is innervated by a branch of the facial nerve.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 34

Question
The platysma is a superficial muscle that overlaps the sternocleidomastoid.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 35

Question
Accessory nerve is a branch of cervical plexus.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 36

Question
Phrenic nerve (C3-C5 (primarily C4)) - innervates thoracic diaphragm.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 37

Question
Internal carotid artery has two cervical branches.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 38

Question
The upper end of internal jugular vein dilates into internal jugular fossa.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 39

Question
Near the termination of the internal jugular vein is a smaller dilatation, the inferior bulb.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 40

Question
The inferior thyroid artery is a branch of the external carotid artery.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 41

Question
The submandibular gland is in infrahyoid region.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 42

Question
Which one of the listed is not a muscle of the back:
Answer
  • M. serratus posterior superior
  • M. serratus anterior
  • M. iliocostalis
  • M. longissimus
  • M. spinalis

Question 43

Question
Which of the muscles listed below is a deep muscle of the back
Answer
  • Levator costae
  • Latissimus dorsi
  • Levator scapulae
  • Rhomboidei
  • Splenius

Question 44

Question
Interruption of cranial nerve XI would paralyze which muscle?
Answer
  • deltoid
  • latissimus dorsi
  • levator scapulae
  • rhomboideus major
  • trapezius

Question 45

Question
If the right dorsal scapular nerve was cut near its origin, what would result:
Answer
  • Skin of the upper back on the right side would be numb
  • The point of the right shoulder would droop
  • Scapular retraction on the right would be weakened
  • Extension of the right arm would be weakened
  • Inability to adduct the right arm

Question 46

Question
The cutaneous branch of the posterior primary ramus of C2 is called the:
Answer
  • Accessory nerve
  • Great auricular nerve
  • Greater occipital nerve
  • Lesser occipital nerve
  • Superior ramus of the ansa cervicalis

Question 47

Question
Which muscle is innervated by posterior primary rami?
Answer
  • Latissimus dorsi
  • Levator scapulae
  • Rhomboideus major
  • Erector spinae
  • Trapezius

Question 48

Question
Which of the elements listed below is not in the subcutaneous layer of the neck?
Answer
  • M. platysma
  • V. jugularis anterior
  • V. jugularis externa
  • Plexus cervicalis
  • Transverse cervical nerve

Question 49

Question
Which of the following does not belong to the infrahyoid muscles?
Answer
  • M. sternothyroideus
  • M. omohyoideus
  • M. sternocleidomastoideus
  • M. sternohyoideus
  • n. thyrohyoideus

Question 50

Question
Which one of the following structures is NOT related to infrahyoid region?
Answer
  • gl. thryoidea
  • m. thyrohyoideus
  • n. vagus
  • m. criciothyroideus
  • v. jugularis anterior

Question 51

Question
Which of the following structures is not related to the carotid triangle?
Answer
  • hypoglossal nerve
  • superior laryngeal nerve
  • facial artery
  • thyrohyoid muscle
  • sternohyoid muscle

Question 52

Question
What bony feature of the mandible can be used to find and palpate the facial artery?
Answer
  • Oblique line
  • Mental trigone
  • Angle
  • Premasseteric notch

Question 53

Question
Which of the following suprahyoid muscles would be paralyzed if the inferior alveolar nerve was severed at its origin?
Answer
  • Geniohyoid m.
  • Hyoglossus m.
  • Mylohoid m.
  • Stylohyoid m.

Question 54

Question
Cutting of the hypoglossal nerve in the hypoglossal canal would not interrupt the nerve supply to the:
Answer
  • Hyoglossus muscle
  • Genioglossus mescle
  • Palatoglossus muscle
  • Styloglossus muscle

Question 55

Question
The chorda tympani contains which component before it joins the lingual nerve?
Answer
  • Preganglionic sympathetics
  • Postganglionic sympathetics
  • preganglionic parasympathetics
  • Postganglionic parasympathetics
  • Taste fibres to the posterior third of the tongue

Question 56

Question
The muscle responsible for raising the floor of the mouth in the early stages of swallowing is the:
Answer
  • Genioglossus
  • Geniohyoid
  • Hyoglossus
  • Mylohyoid
  • Palatoglossus

Question 57

Question
In accessing the submandibular gland in the submandibular triangle, what vessel coursing through the gland and triangle would need to be protected?
Answer
  • External jugular vein
  • Facial artery
  • Maxillary artery
  • Retromandibular vein
  • Superior thyroid artery

Question 58

Question
All of the following may be found in the paralingual space EXCEPT:
Answer
  • Hypoglossal nerve
  • Lingual nerve
  • Sublingual gland
  • Submandibular gland duct
  • Superficial lobe of the submandibular gland

Question 59

Question
Lamina superficialis of the deep cervical fascia
Answer
  • Covers entire neck
  • Forms fascia masseterica
  • Extends from the skill base to the bodies of T3-T4
  • Forms fascia of submandibular gland
  • Extends posteriorly to proc. transversi

Question 60

Question
Which of the following structures are boundaries of lateral cervical region?
Answer
  • Posterior border of m. sternocleidomastoideus
  • Venter anterior of m. digastricus
  • Anterior border of m. trapezius
  • Venter superior of m. omohyoideus
  • Middle third of clavicle

Question 61

Question
Which of the following structures are elements of lateral cervical region?
Answer
  • Mm. scaleni
  • A. carotis communis
  • V. jugularis interna
  • A. subclavius
  • V. subclavius

Question 62

Question
Which of the following are from the superficial muscles of the back?
Answer
  • M. trapezius
  • M. pectoralis major
  • M. latissimus dorsi
  • M. rectus abdominis
  • M. levator sapulae

Question 63

Question
The deep muscles of the back
Answer
  • Divide into three subgroups
  • Erect the body ad the neck in the bilateral contraction
  • Are located dorsally to the veterbral column
  • Are supplied by the ventral branches of the spinal nerves
  • Are autochtonous (own) muscles of the back

Question 64

Question
The internal carotid artery
Answer
  • Enters the skull through the foramen lacerum
  • Divides into the anterior and middle cerebral arteries
  • gives off the opthalmic artery
  • is accompanied within the skull by preganglionic sympathetic nerve fibres
  • usually begins about the level of the cricoid cartilage

Question 65

Question
The scalenus anterior muscle
Answer
  • Is anterior to the nerves forming the brachial plexus
  • Is attached to the posterior tubercles of the transverse processes of some of the cervical verterbrae
  • Is medial to thevetebral artery
  • Is anterior to the subclavian artery
  • Is lateral to the inferior cervical ganglion

Question 66

Question
The external carotid artery
Answer
  • is crossed anteriorly by the hypoglossal nerve
  • usually divides into its terminal branches at the level of the angle of the jaw
  • at its origin is lateral to the interal carotid artery
  • is the only source of blood to the thyroid gland
  • Is superficial to the glossopharyngeal

Question 67

Question
The recurrent laryngeal nerve
Answer
  • Has fibres whose cell bodies are in the nucles ambiguus of the hindbrain
  • is entirely a motor nerve
  • is a close relation of the inferior thyroid artery
  • supplies all the muscles of the larynx
  • supplied the intrinsic muscles of the larynx

Question 68

Question
The cricoid cartilage
Answer
  • has an anterior arch which moves upwards and backwards due to the contraction of the cricothyroid muscle
  • lengthens the vocal fold (true vocal cord) when its anterior part moves upwards and backwards
  • has the vocal folds attached to it
  • gives attachment to the inferior constritor muscles of the pharynx
  • is at the level of the fourth cervical verterbra

Question 69

Question
The scalenus medius muscle
Answer
  • is posterior to the nerves forming the brachial plexus
  • is attacheed to the scalene tubercle
  • is used in deep breathing
  • is posterior to the subclavian artery
  • is crossed anteriorly by the omohyoid muscle

Question 70

Question
The internal jugular vein
Answer
  • is, along its course, directly lateral to the internal carotid artery
  • has no valves
  • is anterior to the phrenic nerve
  • recieves all the venous blood from the thyroid gland
  • is anterior to the thoracic duct on the left side

Question 71

Question
The digastric muscle
Answer
  • has a motor innervation from the nerves of the brachial arches
  • is inferior to the submandibular gland
  • is attached to the ramus of the mandible
  • is superficial, to the hypoglossal nerve
  • is deep to the carotid sheath

Question 72

Question
The scalenus anterior muscle
Answer
  • is anterior to the subclavian vein
  • us anterior to the phrenic nerve
  • is anterior to the suprascapular vein
  • is used in deep respiration
  • is attached to the first and second ribs

Question 73

Question
Trigonum submandibulare contains:
Answer
  • Glandula submandibularis
  • accessory nerve
  • phrenic nerve
  • facial artery
  • lingual nerve

Question 74

Question
The following elements are part of the trigonum submandibulare
Answer
  • n. mylohoideus
  • n. hypoglossus
  • glandula thyroidea
  • trigonum Pirigovi
  • a. thyroidea inferior

Question 75

Question
The cervical plexus of nerves
Answer
  • supplies motor branches to the infrahyoid muscles
  • supplies motor branches to the muscles of the suboccipital triangle
  • supplies motor branches to the trapezius muscle
  • supplies sensory branches to the diaphragm
  • supplied sensory branches to the front of the scalp

Question 76

Question
The sternoclediomastoid muuscle
Answer
  • is attached to the temporal bone deep to the splenius capitis muscle
  • is active if the head is flexed against resistance
  • has a motor supply from the cervical plexus
  • is an anterior relation of the scalenus anterior muscle
  • is crossed superficially by the external jugular vein

Question 77

Question
the thyroid gland
Answer
  • clasps the upper part of the trachea
  • is highly vascular
  • doesn't move with the larynx
  • is a ductless gland
  • consists of only one lobe

Question 78

Question
The brachiocephalic vein
Answer
  • collects blood only from the head and neck
  • ends by joining the opposite one to form the superior vena cava
  • has no valves
  • the right one is laterally to the brachiocephalic artery
  • the right one crosses the median plane

Question 79

Question
The vertical neurovascular bundle of the neck
Answer
  • lies on each side of the median airway and foodway
  • extends from the base of the skull to the root of the neck
  • contains glossopharyngeal nerve in its lower part
  • is enclosed by the layers of the deep cervical fascia
  • lies on the sympathetic trunk

Question 80

Question
the internal jugular vein
Answer
  • in the upper part of the neck is posterolateral to the internal carotid
  • is accompanied superiorly by the last four cranial nerves
  • is posterior to vagus nerve
  • has inferiorly the sympathetic trunk lying between the vein and common carotid artery
  • lies on the cervical plexus

Question 81

Question
A. carotis externa:
Answer
  • is in the ring of the carotid triangle
  • gives off a.thryroidea inferior
  • supplies head and neck structures
  • has baroreceptors at its origin - the bifurcation of the common carotid artery
  • occurs at the upper border of the thyroid cartilage

Question 82

Question
Which of the following are NOT anterior branches of external carotid artery?
Answer
  • A. pharyngea ascendens
  • A. thyroidea superior
  • a. sternocleidomastoidea
  • a. lingualis
  • a. occipitalis

Question 83

Question
Anterior branches of external carotid artery are:
Answer
  • A. thyroidea superior
  • A. occiptalis
  • A. lingualis
  • A. subscapularis
  • A. fascialis

Question 84

Question
The following elements are located in the carotid triangle
Answer
  • N. laringeus superior
  • N. hypoglossus
  • Glandula thyroidea
  • Ansa cervicalis
  • A. thyroidea inferior
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