Evolution Lessons 4 & 5

Cindy Nguyen
Quiz by , created over 3 years ago

Quiz on evolution lessons 4 & 5

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Cindy Nguyen
Created by Cindy Nguyen over 3 years ago
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Question 1

Question
Many animals have similar [blank_start]physical[blank_end] traits, such as having a [blank_start]tail[blank_end] or 4 legs. These [blank_start]shared[blank_end] characteristics are the result of having a [blank_start]common[blank_end] ancestor.
Answer
  • physical
  • tail
  • shared
  • common

Question 2

Question
The five types of vertebrates are [blank_start]fish[blank_end], [blank_start]amphibians[blank_end], [blank_start]reptiles[blank_end], [blank_start]birds[blank_end], and [blank_start]mammals[blank_end].
Answer
  • fish
  • amphibians
  • reptiles
  • birds
  • mammals

Question 3

Question
Characteristics of Fish: - Live in [blank_start]water[blank_end] - Most are [blank_start]bony[blank_end] - Some have [blank_start]scales[blank_end] - [blank_start]Gills[blank_end]
Answer
  • water
  • bony
  • scales
  • Gills

Question 4

Question
Characteristics of Amphibians: - Born in [blank_start]water[blank_end] - Live in [blank_start]land[blank_end] as an adult - Some have [blank_start]four[blank_end] legs
Answer
  • water
  • land
  • four

Question 5

Question
Characteristics of Reptiles: - Live on [blank_start]land[blank_end] - Tough, waterproof [blank_start]skin[blank_end] - Breathes through [blank_start]lungs[blank_end]
Answer
  • skin
  • land
  • lungs

Question 6

Question
Characteristics of Birds: - Feathers and wings - [blank_start]Beaks[blank_end] - [blank_start]Two[blank_end] legs
Answer
  • Two
  • Beaks

Question 7

Question
Characteristics of Mammals: - Live [blank_start]young[blank_end] or eggs - Fur and [blank_start]hair[blank_end] - Bigger [blank_start]brain[blank_end] - Feed [blank_start]milk[blank_end]
Answer
  • young
  • hair
  • brain
  • milk

Question 8

Question
The 8 types of invertebrates are: [blank_start]sponges[blank_end], [blank_start]cnidaria[blank_end], [blank_start]flatworms[blank_end], [blank_start]roundworms[blank_end]. [blank_start]segmented worms[blank_end], [blank_start]mollusks[blank_end], [blank_start]arthropods[blank_end], and [blank_start]echinoderms[blank_end].
Answer
  • sponges
  • roundworms
  • flatworms
  • cnidaria
  • mollusks
  • segmented worms
  • arthropods
  • echinoderms

Question 9

Question
An embryo is an [blank_start]unborn[blank_end] or unhatched offspring that is developing from the [blank_start]fertilized[blank_end] egg. [blank_start]Vertebrate[blank_end] embryos can be compared to determine common [blank_start]ancestry[blank_end].
Answer
  • unborn
  • fertilized
  • Vertebrate
  • ancestry

Question 10

Question
DNA [blank_start]sequences[blank_end] can be compared between [blank_start]species[blank_end] to determine how similar they are. Human and chimpanzee DNA are [blank_start]98.8[blank_end]% the same.
Answer
  • 98.8
  • sequences
  • species

Question 11

Question
Body [blank_start]structures[blank_end] in modern organisms evolved from a structure in a [blank_start]common[blank_end] ancestor. These structures can have different [blank_start]functions[blank_end], but still have the same basic [blank_start]form[blank_end].
Answer
  • structures
  • common
  • functions
  • form

Question 12

Question
The six bones found in all tetrapod legs are [blank_start]humerus[blank_end], [blank_start]radius[blank_end], [blank_start]ulna[blank_end], [blank_start]carpals[blank_end], [blank_start]metacarpal[blank_end], and [blank_start]phalanges[blank_end].
Answer
  • humerus
  • radius
  • ulna
  • carpals
  • metacarpal
  • phalanges

Question 13

Question
The ancestor of modern whales walked on [blank_start]four legs[blank_end] on land (terrestrial). [blank_start]Fossil[blank_end] remains of various [blank_start]extinct[blank_end] species have been foumd.
Answer
  • four legs
  • Fossil
  • extinct

Question 14

Question
Hominids are [blank_start]primate[blank_end] family that includes [blank_start]modern[blank_end] humans and their ancestors. Hominids split from other primates about [blank_start]seven[blank_end] million years ago.
Answer
  • primate
  • modern
  • seven

Question 15

Question
Cladograms show the amount of relatedness among organisms based on the number of physical characteristics that they share. Before the discovery of [blank_start]DNA[blank_end], organisms that [blank_start]looked[blank_end] the same were believed to be [blank_start]related[blank_end].
Answer
  • DNA
  • looked
  • related

Question 16

Question
Early embryos resemble each other because they shared/[blank_start]evolved[blank_end] from a [blank_start]common[blank_end] ancestor. Animals with analogous structures usually share the same [blank_start]environment[blank_end] and have similar [blank_start]adaptations[blank_end].
Answer
  • environment
  • adaptations
  • common
  • evolved

Question 17

Question
Amphibians, such as frogs, have a [blank_start]backbone[blank_end] but not an amniote egg, but reptiles, such as lizards and birds, and mammals, such as humans and kangaroos, have the amniote egg because their offspring develop on [blank_start]land[blank_end].
Answer
  • backbone
  • land

Question 18

Question
Phylogenetic trees are more [blank_start]complex[blank_end] cladograms that show evolutionary [blank_start]relationships[blank_end] where extinct ancestors are found at [blank_start]branch[blank_end] points, and extant species are at the [blank_start]top[blank_end] of the tree.
Answer
  • complex
  • relationships
  • branch
  • top

Question 19

Question
All living organisms on Earth [blank_start]descended[blank_end] from a common ancestor but each species has evolved specific [blank_start]adaptations[blank_end] which allow them to [blank_start]survive[blank_end] and reproduce in the environment that they live in.
Answer
  • descended
  • adaptations
  • survive

Question 20

Question
Pieces of evidence that prove the process of evolution.
Answer
  • Physical traits
  • Similarities in embryos
  • Homologous structures
  • DNA sequences
  • Fossils
  • Cladograms