Arthrology, Myology - Part 1 (a) Anatomy PMU

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Quiz by Med Student , updated more than 1 year ago More Less
Sole C
Created by Sole C almost 6 years ago
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PMU anatomy QB

Resource summary

Question 1

Question
The medial meniscus is usually more frequently injured.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 2

Question
The atlas articulates with the occipital bone by means of a round, flat facet.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 3

Question
The atlas moves with the occipital bone on rotation of the head.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 4

Question
Does the ulnar nerve have any branches in the arm?
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 5

Question
Does the circumflex scapular artery anastomose with the supra-scapular artery?
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 6

Question
Does the supraspinatus muscle use the fascia spanning the area from the spine to the superior border of the scapula?
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 7

Question
The muscles of the thigh are subdivided into anterior, posterior and lateral groups.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 8

Question
The intervertebral discs are composed of:
Answer
  • Elastic connective tissue
  • Elastic cartilage
  • Fibrocartilage
  • Hyaline cartilage

Question 9

Question
Is the axillary vein:
Answer
  • A single
  • Paired
  • Or plexiform vein?

Question 10

Question
Which joint allows the least amount of movement
Answer
  • Suture
  • Saddle
  • Pivot
  • Gliding

Question 11

Question
Which joint allows the most movement
Answer
  • Pivot
  • Suture
  • Gliding
  • Ball and socket

Question 12

Question
Out of the following the ...................... is a hinge joint:
Answer
  • Hip
  • Knee
  • Neck
  • Knuckle

Question 13

Question
A hinge joint can only move what direction:
Answer
  • Up and down
  • Side to side
  • All over
  • All of the above

Question 14

Question
A saddle joint helps us do what?
Answer
  • Pick up tiny objects
  • Wave our hand
  • Stick out our tongue
  • None of the above

Question 15

Question
The pivot joint is located where:
Answer
  • In the knuckle
  • In your shoulder blade
  • At the top of the spinal column
  • In the wrist

Question 16

Question
A gliding joint is located where
Answer
  • In the wrist
  • In the knuckle
  • In between the vertebrae
  • In the elbow

Question 17

Question
Which is not a type of joint in our skeleton?
Answer
  • Hinge
  • Ball and socket
  • Pivot
  • Swinging

Question 18

Question
Which two joints move the same way in our skeleton?
Answer
  • Knee joints and neck joints
  • Knee joints and elbow joints
  • Shoulder joints and elbow joints
  • Ankle joints and neck joints

Question 19

Question
Which is an example of an immovable joint? (doesn't move)
Answer
  • Shoulder
  • Elbow
  • Ankle
  • Skull

Question 20

Question
Where is the ball-and-socket joint located?
Answer
  • Shoulder
  • Neck
  • Elbow
  • Wrist

Question 21

Question
Which of these body parts uses a pivot joint?
Answer
  • Spine
  • Neck
  • Finger
  • Shoulder

Question 22

Question
Where might you find a gliding joint?
Answer
  • Neck
  • Spine
  • Elbow
  • Hip

Question 23

Question
What connects bones to each other at the joints?
Answer
  • Ligaments
  • Filaments
  • Elbow
  • Condiments

Question 24

Question
Which type of joint allows for the most movement?
Answer
  • Pivot
  • Hinge
  • Ball-and-socket
  • Immovable

Question 25

Question
What protects bones from being worn down?
Answer
  • Ligaments
  • Cartilage
  • Bones
  • Joints

Question 26

Question
If the head of the femur is dislocated postero-medially, compression of which nerve is likely to result?
Answer
  • Femoral
  • Lumbosacral trunk
  • Obturator
  • Sciatic
  • Superior gluteal

Question 27

Question
Action of pectoralis major:
Answer
  • Flexion of humerus
  • Medial rotation of humerus
  • Adduction of humerus
  • All of the above
  • A and B only

Question 28

Question
The humerus may be rotated laterally by:
Answer
  • Subscapularis
  • Supraspinatus
  • Pectoralis major
  • Deltoid
  • All of the above

Question 29

Question
The muscle pair which assists in elevating the arm above the head is:
Answer
  • Trapezius and pectoralis minor
  • Levator scapulae and serratus anterior
  • Rhomboid major and serratus anteroir
  • Rhomboid major and levator scapulae
  • Trapezius and serratus anterior

Question 30

Question
The nerve trunk most intimately related to the capsule of the shoulder joint is:
Answer
  • Radial
  • Axillary
  • Median
  • Ulnar
  • Musculocutaneous

Question 31

Question
To avoid the sciatic nerve, an injection into the buttock is best given into:
Answer
  • Upper and outer quadrant
  • Upper and inner quadrant
  • Lower and inner quadrant
  • Lower and outer quadrant
  • At the junction of the four quadrants

Question 32

Question
Which of the following is a muscle from the anterior group of thigh muscles:
Answer
  • Gluteus maximus
  • Sartorius
  • Pectineus
  • Gracilis
  • Iliacus

Question 33

Question
The cephalic
Answer
  • Passes between the deltoid and pectoralis major muscles in its proximal part.
  • Superiorly passes through the deltopectoral triangle, where it empties into the subclavian vein.
  • Ends by joining the brachial vein
  • Is medial to the biceps muscle in the upper arm
  • Has no valves

Question 34

Question
The posterior group of muscles of the arm is innervated by:
Answer
  • n.musculocutaneus
  • n.radialis
  • n.ulnaris
  • n.medianus
  • n.axillaris

Question 35

Question
An open arterial anastomosis in the shoulder occurs between the suprascapular artery and which other artery?
Answer
  • Anterior circumflex humeral
  • Circumflex scapular
  • Dorsal scapular
  • Thoracodorsal
  • Transverse cervical

Question 36

Question
The nerve which passes through the quadrangular space of the posterior shoulder innervates which muscle?
Answer
  • Deltoid
  • Infraspinatus
  • Subscapularis
  • Supraspinatus
  • Teres major

Question 37

Question
In the axilla the pectoralis minor is a landmark, being closely related to all of the following structures except:
Answer
  • Cephalic vein
  • Cords of the brachial plexus
  • Lateral thoracic artery
  • Medial pectoral nerve
  • Second part of the axillary artery

Question 38

Question
The axillary nerve arises directly from which part of the brachial plexus?
Answer
  • Inferior trunk
  • Lateral cord
  • Medial cord
  • Middle trunk
  • Posterior cord
  • Superior trunk

Question 39

Question
Which of the following is not a direct branch of the axillary artery?
Answer
  • Anterior circumflex humeral
  • Posterior circumflex humeral
  • Thoracoacromial
  • Thoracodorsal
  • Subscapular

Question 40

Question
If the second part of the axillary artery was interrupted, collateral blood flow could pass from branches of the thyrocervical trunk into which artery?
Answer
  • Anterior humeral circumflex
  • Circumflex scapular
  • Deep brachial
  • Posterior humeral circumflex
  • Thoracoacromial

Question 41

Question
In a fracture of the surgical neck of the humerus, which artery may be injured?
Answer
  • Subscapular
  • Posterior humeral circumflex
  • Radial recurrent
  • Deep brachial
  • Circumflex scapular

Question 42

Question
While riding a bike, a patient fell against a tree and fractured the shaft of the humerus at midlength. What nerve may be injured because of its close proximity to the injury?
Answer
  • Ulnar
  • Radial
  • Axillary
  • Medial antebrachial cutaneous
  • Median

Question 43

Question
In a fracture of the midshaft of the humerus, which artery is most likely to be injured?
Answer
  • Subscapular
  • Posterior circumflex humeral
  • Radial recurrent
  • Deep brachial
  • Circumflex scapular

Question 44

Question
Which muscle is the strongest medial rotator of the arm?
Answer
  • Coracobrachialis
  • Infraspinatus
  • Subscapularis
  • Supraspinatus
  • Teres minor

Question 45

Question
The rotator cuff is composed of all of the following muscles except:
Answer
  • Infraspinatus
  • Subscapularis
  • Supraspinatus
  • Teres major
  • Teres minor

Question 46

Question
The patient was unable to retract his scapula because of paralysis of the trapezius and
Answer
  • Infraspinatus
  • Levator scapulae
  • Rhomboids
  • Serratus posterior superior
  • Supraspinatus

Question 47

Question
The team doctor tells a football player that he has "a pulled hamstring" muscle. This results from a tearing of the origin of a hamstring muscle from the:
Answer
  • Sacrum
  • Posterior gluteal line
  • Ischial tuberosity
  • Obturator membrane
  • Iliac tubercle

Question 48

Question
What muscle passes through the lesser sciatic foramen?
Answer
  • Gluteus minimus
  • Obturator internus
  • Piriformis
  • Quadratus femoris
  • Superior gemellus

Question 49

Question
How many perforating arteries do you find in the thigh?
Answer
  • 0
  • 1
  • 2
  • 3
  • More than 10

Question 50

Question
The femoral canal contains the:
Answer
  • Deep inguinal lymph node(s)
  • Femoral artery
  • Femoral nerve
  • Femoral vein
  • Ilioinguinal nerve

Question 51

Question
Which movement would fail in case of paralysis of the quadriceps femoris muscle?
Answer
  • Adduction at the hip
  • Extension at the hip
  • Extension at the knee
  • Flexion at the knee
  • Medial rotation at the knee

Question 52

Question
Which structure does NOT enter or leave the inguinal region by passing deep to the inguinal ligament?
Answer
  • Femoral artery
  • Femoral nerve
  • Femoral vein
  • Psoas major muscle
  • Round ligament of the uterus

Question 53

Question
When walking, the action of the iliopsoas muscle results in what motion at the hip joint?
Answer
  • Abduction
  • Adduction
  • Extension
  • Flexion
  • Medial rotation
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