Cognitive Psychology

Daniel Whiting
Quiz by Daniel Whiting, updated more than 1 year ago
Daniel Whiting
Created by Daniel Whiting about 4 years ago
29
1

Description

Undergrad PSYC105 Quiz on Cognitive Psychology, created by Daniel Whiting on 11/04/2016.

Resource summary

Question 1

Question
What are the characteristics of sensory memory? (3 answers)
Answer
  • Iconic memory
  • Fades rapidly
  • Huge amounts of information
  • Lasts about 20-30 seconds
  • Long term memory
  • Small amount of information

Question 2

Question
It is thought that short term memory can hold up to 9 plus or minus 2 pieces of information at a time.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 3

Question
What are the parts of the multistore model of memory (Atkinson and Shiffrin)
Answer
  • Sensory memory, Working memory, Long term memory
  • Working memory, Sensory memory, Long term memory
  • Working memory, long term memory, sensory memory
  • Long term memory, sensory memory, short term memory

Question 4

Question
What are some characteristics of long term memory? (3 answers)
Answer
  • Large amounts of information
  • Accurate recall
  • Reconstructive
  • Lasts minutes to months
  • Can last years

Question 5

Question
Items at the start of a list being able to be remembered easier is an example of the [blank_start]primacy[blank_end] effect. Items at the end of a list that are easier to remember is an example of the [blank_start]recency[blank_end] effect.
Answer
  • primacy
  • recency
  • recency
  • primacy

Question 6

Question
What are some things that increase successful memory encoding? (4 answers)
Answer
  • Deeper semantic meaning
  • Making information self relevant
  • Spacing
  • Elaboration
  • Magic memory pills
  • Memory cues

Question 7

Question
Flashbulb memories are typically permanently accurate.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 8

Question
[blank_start]Anterograde[blank_end] amnesia is the inability to form new memories. [blank_start]Retrograde[blank_end] amnesia is where old memories are forgotten.
Answer
  • Anterograde
  • Retrograde
  • Retrograde
  • Anterograde

Question 9

Question
The general model of attention describes
Answer
  • sensory input --> selector --> working memory
  • sensory input --> attenuation --> working memory
  • sensory input --> filter --> working memory
  • sensory input --> working memory --> filter

Question 10

Question
Broadbents' filter model describes attenuation of unattended stimuli
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 11

Question
What are some of the features of Anne Treismans' Feature Integration Theory (FIT)? (3 answers)
Answer
  • Parallel processing of basic featues
  • Attention as a binding mechanism to bring together simple features
  • Binding as a slow and serial process
  • Binding as an instantaneous process
  • Pre-attention focuses on complex feature integration

Question 12

Question
We seem to have some sort of preattentive ability for semantics
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 13

Question
What are the components of Treisman's attentuation theory?
Answer
  • Sensory store, Attenuating filter, Hierarchy of analysers, Working memory
  • Sensory store, Hierarchy of analysers,Attenuating filter, Working memory
  • Sensory store, Attenuating filter, Working memory
  • Sensory store, Working memory, Attenuating filter

Question 14

Question
Early selection involves filtering by physical characteristics and late selection can process semantics.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 15

Question
What are the characteristics of the Capacity Theory of Attention? (3 answers)
Answer
  • Proposed by Kahneman
  • Proposed by Broadbent
  • Attention as mental effort
  • Task related attention and automatic attention
  • Attention acts like a spotlight

Question 16

Question
The spotlight and zoom lens models of attention explain non-spatial attention well but fail to adequately explain spatial attention.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 17

Question
What are some examples of bottom up attention? (4 answers)
Answer
  • Flash of light
  • Loud noise
  • Quick movement
  • Someone calling out your name
  • Searching for keys on cluttered desk
  • Looking for your friend at the bar
  • Digging around for something in your bag

Question 18

Question
What are some examples of top-down attention? (3 answers)
Answer
  • Flash of light
  • Loud noises
  • Quick sudden movements
  • Looking for your keys in your room
  • Finding your friend at the bar
  • Doing a find a word

Question 19

Question
Not being able to see a giant gorilla walk through a bunch of people playing basketball is an example of change blindness.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 20

Question
Spatial neglect from damage to a hemisphere of the brain results in what kind of attention issues?
Answer
  • Problems with attention to the opposite side of space to the damaged hemisphere
  • Problems with attention to the same side of space to the damaged hemisphere
  • General problems of attention in all areas of space
  • Inability to draw daisies properly

Question 21

Question
A person with Simultagnosia is only able to perceive one object at a time.
Answer
  • True
  • False
Show full summary Hide full summary

Similar

Memory Key words
Sammy :P
Cognitive Psychology - Loftus and Palmer (1974)
Robyn Chamberlain
Psychology A1
Ellie Hughes
Cognitive Psychology Key Terms
Veleka Georgieva
Psychology
Sara Santambrogio
FUNDAMENTOS DE INVESTIGACIÓN.
Mercedes Chavez
Cognitive Psychology Key Terms
5135702
Working memory model
Tess W
Cognitive Psychology - Baron-Cohen (1997)
Robyn Chamberlain
The multi-store model of memory - AS level Psychology
Tess W
Age as a factor affecting eye witness testimony
Tess W