Health Chapter 6

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Quiz on Health Chapter 6, created by karlamcrae on 03/31/2014.
karlamcrae
Quiz by karlamcrae, updated more than 1 year ago
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Created by karlamcrae over 8 years ago
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Resource summary

Question 1

Question
1. People are considered obese when their body weight exceeds the recommended weight for their height by(BLANK) percent.
Answer
  • 10
  • 20
  • 30
  • 40

Question 2

Question
2. People gain weight when they
Answer
  • Eat high-fat foods
  • Snack between meals.
  • Avoid strenuous physical activity.
  • Consume more calories than they need.

Question 3

Question
3. How are the terms overweight and obesity used differently?
Answer
  • People who are 1-19 percent above their desired weight are called overweight, while those 20 percent or more above their desired weight are called obese.
  • All cases of above-desired weight are labeled overweight, while only the most extreme cases are considered obesity.
  • People are called overweight when their extra weight is in muscle, and obese when their extra Weight is in fat
  • Both terms mean the same thing.

Question 4

Question
4. Sandy’s desirable weight is 150 pounds, but she is now about 280. She would be classified as
Answer
  • Overweight.
  • Mildly obese.
  • Morbidly obese
  • Severely obese.

Question 5

Question
5. The body mass index is
Answer
  • Based on popular body images
  • An age-graded obesity measure
  • A height/weight index in metric units.
  • A method of measuring body composition

Question 6

Question
6. Ashley is 5’1” and weighs 135 pounds. According to the body mass index chart, she is Considered
Answer
  • Healthy.
  • Overweight.
  • Obese.
  • Morbidly obese.

Question 7

Question
7. Which of the following is TRUE regarding standardized height/weight tables? They are
Answer
  • An excellent method for determining body composition.
  • An excellent method for determining obesity.
  • No longer considered the best way to determine whether body weight is acceptable.
  • A precise method for determining the amount of adipose tissue.

Question 8

Question
8. WHR assessment procedure was developed
Answer
  • To accurately measure the proportions of lean tissue to fat tissue.
  • In response to the growing concern over the rate of obesity in the United States.
  • As a clinical marker for the treatment of obesity.
  • In response to the growing concern over the relationship between the amount of fat in the Abdominal cavity and the development of serious health problems.

Question 9

Question
9. Skinfold measurements, the bod pod, and hydrostatic weighing are all measures of
Answer
  • Body composition.
  • Obesity.
  • Weight.
  • fitness.

Question 10

Question
10. When an individual expends more calories than are taken in, this is referred to as
Answer
  • The thermic effect of food.
  • Positive caloric balance.
  • Caloric balance.
  • Negative caloric balance.

Question 11

Question
11. The Bod Pod determines body composition by
Answer
  • Using a nomogram.
  • Measuring displaced air.
  • Relating weight to height.
  • Measuring electrical resistance under the skin.

Question 12

Question
12. The normal range of body fat for young adult men is percent.
Answer
  • 10 to 15
  • 15 to 19
  • 20 to 25
  • 25 to 30

Question 13

Question
13. Which of the following is FALSE regarding a skinfold measurement?
Answer
  • It is used to calculate the percentage of body fat.
  • It is a measurement to determine the thickness of the fat layer just under the skin.
  • Only one key site on the body is necessary to accurately determine the percentage of body fat.
  • These measurements are taken using a special device known as a caliper.

Question 14

Question
14. Which of the following methods of body fat measurement involves measuring the thickness of the subcutaneous fat layer?
Answer
  • Skinfold measurements
  • Dual energy x-ray absorptiometry
  • Electrical impedance
  • Hydrostatic weighing

Question 15

Question
15. Which of the following BEST explains the causes of obesity?
Answer
  • Obesity generally occurs among people who lack sufficient leptin output.
  • Research indicates that genetic makeup is the main cause of most obesity.
  • Although no definitive cause is known, it is believed that several factors play a role.
  • Obesity is the product of overeating and lack of exercise, over which everyone has equal control.

Question 16

Question
16. Which of the following BEST describes the influence of genetics on obesity?
Answer
  • Body type is the only known obesity factor that is strongly affected by genetics.
  • Your genetic makeup determines whether you will be obese.
  • There are many possible genetic influences on obesity.
  • Genetics has little direct influence on obesity.

Question 17

Question
17. The body’s appetite controls are mainly located in the
Answer
  • Liver.
  • Stomach.
  • Large intestine.
  • Hypothalamus.

Question 18

Question
18. The appetite center controls
Answer
  • When you eat.
  • How much you eat.
  • How your body uses food.
  • When you feel hungry or satisfied.

Question 19

Question
19. Which of the following BEST summarizes the set point theory?
Answer
  • Each person has a point beyond which he or she cannot lose weight.
  • Each person’s body regulates its use of energy to maintain a certain weight range.
  • The body begins to store fat when eating reaches a certain point.
  • Once an overweight person has lost weight, it becomes easier to lose more weight up to a certain point.

Question 20

Question
20. Changes in the body’s metabolic rate due to a lack, or abundance, of calories is known as
Answer
  • Adipose recession.
  • Digestive generatively.
  • Comestible stabilization.
  • Adaptive thermogenesis.

Question 21

Question
21. What is the percentage of people who go on a diet and gain all of their weight back within a year of going off the diet?
Answer
  • 90 percent
  • 75 percent
  • 50 percent
  • 25 percent

Question 22

Question
22. Is equal to tobacco as a threat to American’s health and disproportionately affects Women of color and lower socioeconomic classes.
Answer
  • Breast cancer
  • Obesity
  • Stroke
  • Hypertension

Question 23

Question
23. Many researchers believe that overfed infants become overweight later in life because
Answer
  • They develop more fat cells than infants who are not overfed do.
  • The heavy calorie load slows down their metabolisms.
  • Overeating habits are established early in life.
  • Their fat cells grow in size.

Question 24

Question
24. According to weight management experts, the single most important factor leading to obesity in The United States is
Answer
  • Inactivity.
  • Family dietary habits.
  • The mass promotion of junk foods
  • Endocrine dysfunction.

Question 25

Question
25. Your body’s energy needs are based on your diet, your activities, and your General health.
Answer
  • General health
  • Basal metabolism.
  • Degree of obesity.
  • Endocrine function.

Question 26

Question
26. Consuming about (blank) calories more than is needed results in a weight gain of one pound of fat
Answer
  • 2,200
  • 1,500
  • 3,500
  • 2,700

Question 27

Question
27. Why do the body’s energy requirements decrease with age? Because
Answer
  • Basal metabolic rate declines with age.
  • Older adults are less active than younger adults.
  • Aging results in the gradual loss of muscle tissue.
  • Some body systems are no longer required in older adults.

Question 28

Question
28. Which of the following is NOT related to basal metabolic rate?
Answer
  • Age
  • Caloric intake
  • Activity level
  • Gender

Question 29

Question
29. The amount of energy our bodies require for the digestion, absorption, and transportation of food Is known as the (blank) of food.
Answer
  • Thermic effect
  • Thermatic metabolism
  • Molecular fusion
  • Hyper thermogenesis

Question 30

Question
30. According to the experts, you should set a goal to lose no more than (BLANK) pounds a week.
Answer
  • 5
  • 2
  • 3
  • 4

Question 31

Question
31. Effective and lasting weight loss requires
Answer
  • A diet that significantly reduces calorie intake.
  • Going on a diet for a specific period of time.
  • Following a diet plan that is restrictive and demanding.
  • A lifestyle change that includes healthy eating and regular exercise.

Question 32

Question
32. Which of the following is FALSE regarding a balanced diet supported by portion control‘! It
Answer
  • Is best undertaken with a nutritionist and physicians knowledgeable in diet management.
  • Is a diet designed to produce rapid weight loss
  • Reflects a nutritionally sound program that offers some probability of success.
  • Does not force an individual to adopt a restrictive approach to eating.

Question 33

Question
33. Why is a diet based on portion control a better idea than so-called low-calorie or fad diets?
Answer
  • People can consume more of the foods that they enjoy with portion control.
  • Portion control diets achieve results more quickly.
  • Portion control typically cuts more calories from a meal.
  • Portion control is typically a more rigidly enforced approach.

Question 34

Question
34. People use fad diets in an attempt to achieve
Answer
  • A gradual weight loss.
  • A more nutritionally balanced approach to weight loss.
  • Rapid weight loss.
  • Making dieting easier and more enjoyable.

Question 35

Question
35. Dehydration, electrolyte loss, and possible kidney problems are complications associated with which fad diet?
Answer
  • The Atkins Diet
  • Eating Thin for Life
  • The New Beverly Hills Diet
  • Jenny Craig

Question 36

Question
36. Many prescription and over-the-counter diet drugs achieve their purpose by
Answer
  • Slowing digestion.
  • Elevating heart rate.
  • Stimulating excretion.
  • Suppressing appetite.

Question 37

Question
37. The problem with the over-the-counter appetite suppressant phenylpropanolan1ine (PPA) is
Answer
  • Its association with higher risk of stroke.
  • It actually stimulates the appetite.
  • It interferes with digestion for most people.
  • That research has found it to be ineffective.

Question 38

Question
38. Which of the following substances was found in many herbal supplements until it was banned in 2003?
Answer
  • Phenylpropanolamine
  • Ephedrine
  • Aristolochia fangchi
  • Dexfenfluramine

Question 39

Question
39. Gastroplasty achieves its effectiveness as anti-obesity surgery by
Answer
  • Reducing the size of the stomach.
  • Tightening the muscles around digestive organs.
  • Shortening the path of food through the digestive tract.
  • Routing food away from the areas of greatest absorption.

Question 40

Question
40. A moderately obese, college-age friend of yours wants to try liposuction to solve her problem with obesity. Why is this a bad idea?
Answer
  • Liposuction is cosmetic and not a life-long behavior change.
  • Liposuction is a high risk procedure compared with others.
  • Liposuction is more body sculpting than weight loss.
  • All of the choices are true of liposuction.

Question 41

Question
41. You are dangerously obese and you are a compulsive eater. The most effective surgical procedure to enable you to lose weight would be
Answer
  • Liposuction.
  • Gastroplasty.
  • Body wrapping.
  • Gastric band surgery.

Question 42

Question
42. Tim is thin, and he wants to gain weight for football. He does not have an eating disorder. The best way for Tim to proceed would be to
Answer
  • Eat only high-fat foods and lift weights.
  • Combine a balanced, calorie-dense diet with strength training.
  • Train twice a day and consume lots of high-calorie foods.
  • Combine resistance training with an over-the-counter weight gaining supplement.

Question 43

Question
43. The key to maintaining a healthy weight is
Answer
  • Caloric expenditure through regular exercise.
  • Regular counseling sessions.
  • Over-the-counter weight loss products.
  • Acupuncture.

Question 44

Question
44. Which of the following is the most effective tool for eliminating fat from the body?
Answer
  • Prescription steroids
  • Physical activity
  • Education
  • Dieting
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