Merrill's Chapter 20

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Created by Korie Hi almost 3 years ago
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merill's chapter 20

Resource summary

Question 1

Question
The breathing technique for skull is suspend.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 2

Question
The [blank_start]coronal[blank_end] suture is found between the frontal and parietal bones. The [blank_start]sagittal[blank_end] suture is located on the top of the head between the two parietal bones. Between the temporal bones and the parietal bones are the [blank_start]squamosal[blank_end] sutures. Between the occipital bone and the parietal bones is the [blank_start]lambdoidal[blank_end] suture.
Answer
  • coronal
  • sagittal
  • squamosal
  • lambdoidal
  • sagittal
  • coronal
  • lambdoidal
  • squamosal
  • squamosal
  • coronal
  • sagittal
  • lambdoidal
  • lambdoidal
  • coronal
  • sagittal
  • squamosal

Question 3

Question
The junction of the coronal and sagittal sutures is the [blank_start]bregma[blank_end]. The [blank_start]lambda[blank_end] is the junction of the lambdoidal and sagittal sutures. On the lateral aspect of the skull, the junction of the parietal bone, squamosal suture, and greater wing of the sphenoid is the [blank_start]pterion[blank_end], which overlies the middle meningeal artery. At the junction of the occipital bone, parietal bone, and mastoid portion of the temporal bone is the [blank_start]asterion[blank_end].
Answer
  • bregma
  • pterion
  • asterion
  • lambda
  • lambda
  • bregma
  • asterion
  • psterion
  • pterion
  • asterion
  • bregma
  • lambda
  • asterion
  • pterion
  • bregma
  • lambda

Question 4

Question
The average cranium measures approximately [blank_start]6[blank_end] inches at its widest point from side to side, [blank_start]7[blank_end] inches at its longest point from front to back, and [blank_start]9[blank_end] inches at its deepest point from the vertex to the submental region.
Answer
  • 6
  • 7
  • 9
  • 7
  • 6
  • 8
  • 9
  • 8
  • 9
  • 6
  • 7
  • 8

Question 5

Question
Where can you find the nasion, glabella and supraorbital margin?
Answer
  • Frontal
  • Ethmoid
  • Sphenoid
  • Temporal
  • Occipital

Question 6

Question
Where can you find the four angles?
Answer
  • Frontal
  • Ethmoid
  • Parietal
  • Sphenoid
  • Temporal
  • Occipital

Question 7

Question
Where can you find the lesser and greater wings?
Answer
  • Frontal
  • Ethmoid
  • Sphenoid
  • Temporal
  • Occipital

Question 8

Question
Where can you find the two condyles?
Answer
  • Frontal
  • Ethmoid
  • Parietal
  • Sphenoid
  • Temporal
  • Occipital

Question 9

Question
Where can you find the crista galli, cribriform plate and perpendicular plate?
Answer
  • Frontal
  • Ethmoid
  • Parietal
  • Sphenoid
  • Temporal
  • Occipital

Question 10

Question
Where can you find the sella turcica?
Answer
  • Frontal
  • Ethmoid
  • Parietal
  • Sphenoid
  • Temporal
  • Occipital

Question 11

Question
Where can you find the foramen magnum?
Answer
  • Frontal
  • Ethmoid
  • Parietal
  • Sphenoid
  • Temporal
  • Occipital

Question 12

Question
Where can you find the mastoid process?
Answer
  • Frontal
  • Ethmoid
  • Parietal
  • Sphenoid
  • Temporal
  • Occipital

Question 13

Question
Where can you find the basilar portion?
Answer
  • Frontal
  • Ethmoid
  • Parietal
  • Sphenoid
  • Temporal
  • Occipital

Question 14

Question
Where can you find the petrous portion?
Answer
  • Frontal
  • Ethmoid
  • Parietal
  • Sphenoid
  • Temporal
  • Occipital

Question 15

Question
Where can you find the pteryoid hamulus and lateral pterygoid process?
Answer
  • Frontal
  • Ethmoid
  • Parietal
  • Sphenoid
  • Temporal
  • Occipital

Question 16

Question
Where can you find the zygomatic process?
Answer
  • Frontal
  • Ethmoid
  • Parietal
  • Sphenoid
  • Temporal
  • Occipital

Question 17

Question
Where can you find the anterior and posterior clinoid processes?
Answer
  • Frontal
  • Ethmoid
  • Parietal
  • Sphenoid
  • Temporal
  • Occipital

Question 18

Question
Cheekbone: [blank_start]Zygoma[blank_end] Largest facial bone: [blank_start]Mandible[blank_end] Number of facial bones: [blank_start]Fourteen[blank_end] Forms bridge of the nose: [blank_start]Nasal[blank_end] Vertical mandibular portion: [blank_start]Head[blank_end]
Answer
  • Zygoma
  • Maxillae
  • Mandible
  • Mental protuberance
  • Fourteen
  • Twelve
  • Eight
  • Nasal
  • Vomer
  • Acanthion
  • Head
  • Ramus

Question 19

Question
Found in the roof of the mouth: [blank_start]Palatine[blank_end] Midpoint of the anterior nasal spine: [blank_start]Acanthion[blank_end] Articulating process of the mandible: [blank_start]Condyle[blank_end] Spongy processes that hold the teeth: [blank_start]Alveolar[blank_end] Anterior part of the mandibular ramus: [blank_start]Coronoid[blank_end]
Answer
  • Palatine
  • Gonion
  • Acanthion
  • Glabella
  • Condyle
  • Hyoid
  • Alveolar
  • Inferior conchae
  • Coronoid
  • Ramus

Question 20

Question
Landmark at the angle of the mandible: [blank_start]Gonion[blank_end] Found in the medial walls of the orbits: [blank_start]Lacrimal[blank_end] Forms inferior portion of the nasal septum: [blank_start]Vomer[blank_end] Horseshoe-shaped mandibular portion: [blank_start]Body[blank_end] Thin, scroll-like bones that extend horizontally inside the nasal cavity: [blank_start]Inferior conchae[blank_end]
Answer
  • Gonion
  • Zygoma
  • Lacrimal
  • Coronoid
  • Vomer
  • Alveolar
  • Body
  • Hyoid
  • Inferior conchae
  • Nasal

Question 21

Question
Which paranasal sinuses are located directly below the sella turcica?
Answer
  • Frontal
  • Maxillary
  • Ethmoidal
  • Sphenoidal

Question 22

Question
Which paranasal sinus group is posterior to the ethmoidal sinuses?
Answer
  • Frontal
  • Maxillary
  • Ethmoidal
  • Sphenoidal

Question 23

Question
Which sinus group is subdivided into three main groups?
Answer
  • Frontal
  • Maxillary
  • Ethmoidal
  • Sphenoidal

Question 24

Question
Which sinus group is well developed and aerated at birth?
Answer
  • Frontal
  • Maxillary
  • Ethmoidal
  • Sphenoidal

Question 25

Question
At age 15 or 16 years, the sinuses are fully developed and communicate with each other.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 26

Question
[blank_start]Basal fracture[blank_end]: Fracture located at the base of the skull [blank_start]Linear fracture[blank_end]: Irregular of jagged fracture of the skull [blank_start]Tripod fracture[blank_end]: Fracture of the zygomatic arch and orbital floor or rim and dislocation of the frontozygomatic suture [blank_start]LeForte fracture[blank_end]: Bilateral horizontal fractures of the maxillae [blank_start]Blowout fracture[blank_end]: Fracture of the floor of the orbit [blank_start]Depressed fracture[blank_end]: Fracture causing a portion of the skull to be pushed into the cranial cavity [blank_start]Contrecoup fracture[blank_end]: Fracture to one side of a structure caused by trauma to the other side
Answer
  • Basal fracture
  • Linear fracture
  • Tripod fracture
  • LeForte fracture
  • Blowout fracture
  • Depressed fracture
  • Contrecoup fracture

Question 27

Question
The skull is composed of 22 separate bones divided into two distinct groups: [blank_start]8[blank_end] cranial bones and [blank_start]14[blank_end] facial bones.
Answer
  • 8
  • 14

Question 28

Question
The bones of the cranial vault are classified as what type of bones?
Answer
  • Flat
  • Irregular
  • Short
  • Long

Question 29

Question
The cranial bone located between the orbits and posterior to the nasal bones is the _____ bones?
Answer
  • Ethmoid
  • Sphenoid

Question 30

Question
The cranial bone that provides a depression to house the pituitary gland is the _____ bone.
Answer
  • Sphenoid
  • Ethmoid

Question 31

Question
[blank_start]Inion[blank_end]: Posterior surface of the occipital bone [blank_start]Vertex[blank_end]: Superior aspect of the cranium; where the parietal bones join together [blank_start]Nasion[blank_end]: Midpoint of the frontonasal suture [blank_start]Gonion[blank_end]: Angle of the mandible; lateroposterior aspect of the mandible [blank_start]Glabella[blank_end]: Smooth elevation between the superciliary arches [blank_start]Acanthion[blank_end]: Midpoint of the anterior nasal spine [blank_start]Mental point[blank_end]: Midpoint of the mental protuberance; anterior aspect of the mandible; where the two bodies joint together [blank_start]Outer canthus[blank_end]: Lateral aspect of each orbit; where the two eyelids originate [blank_start]Superciliary arch[blank_end]: Raised prominence just above each orbit on the frontal bone; coincides with the eyebrows
Answer
  • Inion
  • Vertex
  • Nasion
  • Gonion
  • Glabella
  • Acanthion
  • Mental point
  • Outer canthus
  • Superciliary arch

Question 32

Question
Which positioning landmark is located at the anterior portion of the mandible?
Answer
  • Inion
  • Gonion
  • Mental point
  • Acanthion

Question 33

Question
The bregma fontanelle is located at the junction of which two sutures?
Answer
  • Coronal and sagittal
  • Coronal and squamosal
  • Lambdoidal and sagittal
  • Lambdoidal and squamosal

Question 34

Question
Which skull classification refers to a typical skull?
Answer
  • Mesocephalic
  • Brachycephalic
  • Dolichocephalic

Question 35

Question
Which skull classification refers to a long, narrow skull?
Answer
  • Mesocephalic
  • Brachycephalic
  • Dolichocephalic

Question 36

Question
Which skull classification refers to a short, wide skull?
Answer
  • Mesocephalic
  • Brachycephalic
  • Dolichocephalic

Question 37

Question
With which bone does the mandible articulate?
Answer
  • Hyoid
  • Maxilla
  • Zygoma
  • Temporal

Question 38

Question
Where are the lacrimal bones located?
Answer
  • Inside the nasal cavity
  • On the lateral wall of each orbit
  • On the medial wall of each orbit
  • Inferior to the maxillary sinuses

Question 39

Question
Where is the vomer bone found?
Answer
  • Posterior the nasal bones
  • On the floor of the nasal cavity
  • On the lateral wall of the orbits
  • In the posterior one fourth of the roof of the mouth

Question 40

Question
Which term refers to the anterior process of the mandibular ramus?
Answer
  • Cornu
  • Condyle
  • Coracoid
  • Coronoid

Question 41

Question
Which term refers to the posterior process of the mandibular ramus?
Answer
  • Cornu
  • Condyle
  • Coracoid
  • Coronoid

Question 42

Question
Which facial bones have alveolar processes?
Answer
  • Vomer and mandible
  • Vomer and zygomatic
  • Maxillae and mandible
  • Maxillae and zygomatic

Question 43

Question
Which bones form the posterior one fourth of the roof of the mouth?
Answer
  • Maxillae
  • Palatine
  • Zygomatic
  • Inferior nasal conchae

Question 44

Question
Tear ducts pass through which bone?
Answer
  • Lacrimal
  • Nasal
  • Maxillary
  • Frontal

Question 45

Question
What are the smallest bones in the skull?
Answer
  • Nasal
  • Lacrimal
  • Ethmoid
  • Sphenoid

Question 46

Question
The two maxillary bones are the largest of the immovable bones of the face
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 47

Question
The lacrimal bones are the largest and densest bone of the face
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 48

Question
What is the largest sinus?
Answer
  • Frontal
  • Maxillary
  • Ethmoidal
  • Sphenoidal

Question 49

Question
malleus = [blank_start]hammer[blank_end] incus = [blank_start]anvil[blank_end] stapes = [blank_start]stirrup[blank_end]
Answer
  • hammer
  • anvil
  • stirrup
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