Endocrine, Urinary and Nervous System

Fred -
Quiz by , created over 2 years ago

Glands (function and location), Neurons, Parts of the Human Brain, Urinary Function and Nephron

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Question 1

Question
Which gland/organ is located where indicated?
Answer
  • Hypothalamus
  • Pituitary
  • Parathyroid
  • Thymus
  • Adrenal
  • Pineal
  • Thyroid
  • Pancreas
  • Ovary
  • Testis

Question 2

Question
Which gland/organ is located where indicated?
Answer
  • Hypothaiamus
  • Pituitary
  • Parathyroid
  • Thymus
  • Adrenal
  • Pineal
  • Thyroid
  • Pancreas
  • Ovary
  • Tentis

Question 3

Question
Which gland/organ is located where indicated?
Answer
  • Hypothalamus
  • Pituitary
  • Parathyroid
  • Thymus
  • Adrenal
  • Pineal
  • Thyroid
  • Pancreas
  • Ovary
  • Testis

Question 4

Question
Which gland/organ is located where indicated?
Answer
  • Hypothalamus
  • Pituitary
  • Parathyroid
  • Thymus
  • Adrenal
  • Pineal
  • Thyroid
  • Pancreas
  • Ovary
  • Testis

Question 5

Question
Which gland/organ is located where indicated?
Answer
  • Hypothalamus
  • Pituitary
  • Parathyroid
  • Thymus
  • Adrenal
  • Pineal
  • Thyroid
  • Pancreas
  • Ovary
  • Testis

Question 6

Question
Which gland/organ is located where indicated?
Answer
  • Hypothalamus
  • Pituitary
  • Parathyroid
  • Thymus
  • Adrenal
  • Pineal
  • Thyroid
  • Pancreas
  • Ovary
  • Testis

Question 7

Question
Which gland/organ is located where indicated?
Answer
  • Hypothalamus
  • Pituitary
  • Parathyroid
  • Thymus
  • Adrenal
  • Pineal
  • Thyroid
  • Pancreas
  • Ovary
  • Testis

Question 8

Question
Which gland/organ is located where indicated?
Answer
  • Hypothalamus
  • Pituitary
  • Parathyroid
  • Thymus
  • Adrenal
  • Pineal
  • Thyroid
  • Pancreas
  • Ovary
  • Testis

Question 9

Question
Which gland/organ is located where indicated?
Answer
  • Hypothalamus
  • Pituitary
  • Parathyroid
  • Thymus
  • Adrenal
  • Pineal
  • Thyroid
  • Pancreas
  • Ovary
  • Testis

Question 10

Question
Which gland/organ is located where indicated?
Answer
  • Hypothalamus
  • Pituitary
  • Parathyroid
  • Thymus
  • Adrenal
  • Pineal
  • Thyroid
  • Pancreas
  • Ovary
  • Testis

Question 11

Question
Which gland/organ is: -known as the "third eye" -produced melatonin, which helps maintain circadian rhythm and regulate reproductive hormones
Answer
  • Pineal
  • Hypothalamus
  • Pituitary
  • Thyroid
  • Parathyroid
  • Thymus
  • Adrenal
  • Pancreas
  • Uterus
  • Kidney

Question 12

Question
Which gland/organ is: -control center for many automatic functions of the peripheral nervous system -connects with structures of the endocrine and nervous system -play a vital role in maintaining homeostasis -a limbic structure -influences various emotional responses
Answer
  • Pituitary
  • Parathyroid
  • Thymus
  • Pineal
  • Kidney
  • Ovary
  • Hypothalamus
  • Uterus
  • Testes
  • Adrenal

Question 13

Question
Which gland/organ is: -attached to via nerve fibers -produces critical hormones -development of the body -controls pigmentation -produces anti-diuretic hormone which reclaims water from the kidneys and concerves it in the blood stream to prevent dehydration -produces Oxycontin aiding uterine contractions during childbirth and stimulating the production and release of milk
Answer
  • Uterus
  • Hypothalamus
  • Pineal
  • Thyroid
  • Adrenal
  • Pancreas
  • Ovary
  • Pituitary
  • Testes
  • Kidney

Question 14

Question
What are the three different lobes of the pituitary glands? The [blank_start]anterior[blank_end] lobe is mainly involved in development of the body, sexual maturation, and reproduction. Hormones produced by the anterior lobe regulate growth, and stimulate the adrenal and thyroid glands, as well as the ovaries and testes. It also generates prolactin, which enables new mothers to produce milk The [blank_start]intermediate[blank_end] lobe of the pituitary gland releases a hormone that stimulates the melanocytes, cells which control pigmentation (eg. skin color) through the production of melanin. The [blank_start]posterior[blank_end] lobe produces antithetic hormones, which reclaims water from the kidneys and conserves in the bloodstream to prevent dehydration. Oxycontin is also produced by the posterior lobe, aiding in uterine contractions during childbirth and stimulating the production and release of milk.
Answer
  • anterior
  • intermediate
  • posterior

Question 15

Question
Which gland/organ is: -vitally important hormonal gland that plays a major role in the metabolism, growth and maturation of the human body -regulates many body functions (breathing, heart rate, central and peripheral nervous systems, body weight, muscle strength, menstrual cycles, body temperature, cholesterol levels) by constantly releasing a steady amount of hormones into the bloodstream.
Answer
  • Parathyroid
  • Thymus
  • Ovary
  • Hypothalamus
  • Testes
  • Kidney
  • Uterus
  • Pineal
  • Pancreas
  • Thyroid

Question 16

Question
Which gland/organ is: -concisest of four tiny parts -control calcium levels -produces hormone that breaks down bone therefore causing calcium release -increases the body's ability to absorb calcium from food -increase kidney's ability to hold on to calcium
Answer
  • Pineal
  • Uterus
  • Ovary
  • Thymus
  • Thyroid
  • Pituitary
  • Hypothalamus
  • Parathyroid
  • Adrenal
  • Kidney

Question 17

Question
Which gland/organ is: -closely associated with the immune system -trains and develops T-lymphocytes or T cells, an extremely important type of white blood cell
Answer
  • Pancreas
  • Adrenal
  • Parathyroid
  • Thymus
  • Pineal
  • Uterus
  • Ovary
  • Testes
  • Kidney
  • Pituitary

Question 18

Question
Which gland/organ is: -consists of two glands -produces hormones that are vital to life such as cortisol (which helps regulate metabolism and helps your body respond to stress) and aldosterone (which helps control blood pressure)
Answer
  • Pineal
  • Thymus
  • Pancreas
  • Ovary
  • Testes
  • Adrenal
  • Uterus
  • Kidney
  • Hypothalamus
  • Pituitary

Question 19

Question
What are the two different parts of the Adrenal Glands? The [blank_start]adrenal cortex[blank_end]- the outer part of the gland- produces hormones that are vital to life, such as cortisol (which helps regulate metabolism and helps your body respond to stress) and aldosterone (which helps control blood pressure). The [blank_start]adrenal medulla[blank_end]- the inner part if the gland- produces nonessential (that is you don't need them to live) hormones, such as adrenaline (which helps your body react to stress)
Answer
  • adrenal cortex
  • adrenal medulla

Question 20

Question
Which gland/organ is: -essential role in converting the food we eat into fuel for the body's cells -helps in digestion and regulates blood sugar levels
Answer
  • Kidney
  • Adrenal
  • Thyroid
  • Pituitary
  • Pineal
  • Parathyroid
  • Pancreas
  • Ovary
  • Testes
  • Uterus

Question 21

Question
Which gland/organ is: -female reproductive cells or ova are produced
Answer
  • Parathyroid
  • Hypothalamus
  • Pineal
  • Thyroid
  • Pituitary
  • Testes
  • Ovary
  • Kidney
  • Adrenal
  • Uterus

Question 22

Question
Which gland/organ is: -produces sperm and male hormone testosterone
Answer
  • Pineal
  • Testes
  • Kidney
  • Hypothalamus
  • Pituitary
  • Ovary
  • Thyroid
  • Parathyroid
  • Pancreas
  • Uterus

Question 23

Question
Which gland/organ is: -produce a variety of hormones, including erythropoietin, and enzyme renin
Answer
  • Hypothalamus
  • Parathyroid
  • Adrenal
  • Kidney
  • Uterus
  • Pineal
  • Pituitary
  • Pancreas
  • Testes
  • Ovary

Question 24

Question
Which gland/organ is: -progesterone is produced to prevent uterine contractions that may disturb the growing embryo -prepares breasts for lactation -increases estrogen levels near the end of pregnancy to alert the pituitary glands to release oxytocin, which causes uterine contractions
Answer
  • Kidney
  • Ovary
  • Adrenal
  • Hypothalamus
  • Pituitary
  • Thymus
  • Thyroid
  • Parathyroid
  • Testes
  • Uterus

Question 25

Question
Function of the Urinary System is: 1. [blank_start]remove[blank_end] [blank_start]liquid[blank_end] waste from the [blank_start]blood[blank_end] in the form of urine. 2. keep a stable balance of [blank_start]salts[blank_end] and other substances in the blood 3. produce [blank_start]erythropoietin[blank_end], a hormone that aids the formation of [blank_start]red[blank_end] blood cells 4. remove urea from the blood through [blank_start]tiny[blank_end] filtering units called [blank_start]nephrons[blank_end]
Answer
  • remove
  • add
  • store
  • liquid
  • solid
  • red blood cells
  • blood
  • white blood cells
  • urine
  • stomach
  • salts
  • minerals
  • hormones
  • erythropoietin
  • cortisol
  • melatonin
  • adrenaline
  • red
  • white
  • tiny
  • large
  • medium
  • small
  • nephrons
  • urethras
  • ureters

Question 26

Question
Label what is indicated
Answer
  • Main artery from heart, blood with waste
  • Main vein to heart, carries clean blood
  • Right kidney
  • Left kidney
  • Ureter
  • Bladder collects urine
  • Nerve tells brain the bladder is full
  • Muscle to keep bladder closed
  • Urethra
  • Nerve that tells bladder to open

Question 27

Question
Label where indicated
Answer
  • Main artery from heart, blood with waste
  • Main vein to heart, carries clean blood
  • Right kidney
  • Left kidney
  • Ureter
  • Bladder collects urine
  • Nerve tells brain the bladder is full
  • Muscle to keep bladder closed
  • Urethra
  • Nerve that tells bladder to open

Question 28

Question
Label where indicated
Answer
  • Main artery from heart, blood with waste
  • Main vein to heart, carries clean blood
  • Right kidney
  • Left kidney
  • Ureter
  • Bladder collects urine
  • Nerve tells brain the bladder is full
  • Muscle to keep bladder closed
  • Urethra
  • Nerve that tells bladder to open

Question 29

Question
Label where indicated
Answer
  • Main artery from heart, blood with waste
  • Main vein to heart, carries clean blood
  • Right kidney
  • Left kidney
  • Ureter
  • Bladder collects urine
  • Nerve tells brain the bladder is full
  • Muscle to keep bladder closed
  • Urethra
  • Nerve that tells bladder to open

Question 30

Question
Label where indicated
Answer
  • Main artery from heart, blood with waste
  • Main vein to heart, carries clean blood
  • Right kidney
  • Left kidney
  • Ureter
  • Bladder collects urine
  • Nerve tells brain the bladder is full
  • Muscle to keep bladder closed
  • Urethra
  • Nerve that tells bladder to open

Question 31

Question
Label where indicated
Answer
  • Main artery from heart, blood with waste
  • Main vein to heart, carries clean blood
  • Right kidney
  • Left kidney
  • Ureter that carries urine
  • Ureter
  • Bladder collects urine
  • Nerve tells brain the bladder is full
  • Muscle to keep bladder closed
  • Urethra
  • Nerve that tells bladder to open

Question 32

Question
Label where indicated
Answer
  • Main artery from heart, blood with waste
  • Main vein to heart, carries clean blood
  • Right kidney
  • Left kidney
  • Ureter
  • Bladder collects urine
  • Nerve tells brain the bladder is full
  • Muscle to keep bladder closed
  • Urethra
  • Nerve that tells bladder to open

Question 33

Question
Label where indicated
Answer
  • Main artery from heart, blood with waste
  • Main vein to heart, carries clean blood
  • Right kidney
  • Left kidney
  • Ureter
  • Bladder collects urine
  • Nerve tells brain the bladder is full
  • Muscle to keep bladder closed
  • Urethra
  • Nerve that tells bladder to open

Question 34

Question
Label where indicated
Answer
  • Main artery from heart, blood with waste
  • Main vein to heart, carries clean blood
  • Right kidney
  • Left kidney
  • Ureter
  • Bladder collects urine
  • Nerve tells brain the bladder is full
  • Muscle to keep bladder closed
  • Urethra
  • Nerve that tells bladder to open

Question 35

Question
Label where indicated
Answer
  • Main artery from heart, blood with waste
  • Main vein to heart, carries clean blood
  • Right kidney
  • Left kidney
  • Ureter
  • Bladder collects urine
  • Nerve tells brain the bladder is full
  • Muscle to keep bladder closed
  • Urethra
  • Nerve that tells bladder to open

Question 36

Question
Label where indicated
Answer
  • Main vein to heart, carries clean blood
  • Main artery from heart, blood with waste
  • Right kidney
  • Left kidney
  • Ureter
  • Bladder collects urine
  • Nerve tells brain the bladder is full
  • Muscle to keep bladder closed
  • Urethra
  • Nerve that tells bladder to open

Question 37

Question
Label where indicated
Answer
  • Nephron
  • Unfiltered blood in
  • Filtered blood out
  • Urine out
  • Glomerulus
  • Tubule

Question 38

Question
Label where indicated
Answer
  • Nephron
  • Unfiltered blood in
  • Filtered blood out
  • Urine out
  • Glomerulus
  • Tubule

Question 39

Question
Label where indicated
Answer
  • Nephron
  • Unfiltered blood in
  • Filtered blood out
  • Urine out
  • Glomerulus
  • Tubule

Question 40

Question
Label where indicated
Answer
  • Nephron
  • Unfiltered blood in
  • Filtered blood out
  • Urine out
  • Glomerulus
  • Tubule

Question 41

Question
Label where indicated
Answer
  • Nephron
  • Unfiltered blood in
  • Filtered blood out
  • Urine out
  • Glomerulus
  • Tubule

Question 42

Question
Label where indicated
Answer
  • Nephron
  • Unfiltered blood in
  • Filtered blood out
  • Urine out
  • Glomerulus
  • Tubule

Question 43

Question
Label where indicated
Answer
  • Nephron
  • Unfiltered blood in
  • Filtered blood out
  • Urine out
  • Glomerulus
  • Tubule

Question 44

Question
Label where indicated
Answer
  • Nephron
  • Unfiltered blood in
  • Filtered blood out
  • Urine out
  • Glomerulus
  • Tubule

Question 45

Question
Label where indicated
Answer
  • Nephron
  • Unfiltered blood in
  • Filtered blood out
  • Urine out
  • Glomerulus
  • Tubule

Question 46

Question
In this neuron, [blank_start]electrical[blank_end] messages are received by the [blank_start]dendrites[blank_end] and pass through the [blank_start]cell[blank_end] body. The electrical conduction then flows down the [blank_start]axon[blank_end]. [blank_start]Myelin[blank_end] rapidly [blank_start]increases[blank_end] [blank_start]nerve[blank_end] conduction because the impulse [blank_start]jumps[blank_end] over each [blank_start]Schwann[blank_end] cell. The impulse finally leaves the neuron through the axon terminal and either travels to another nerve dendrite or to a [blank_start]muscle[blank_end] (motor nerve) which makes us move. Nerve function is controlled by the brain. The brain sends electrical impulses along neutrons that make not only our muscles move (somatic system) by also control the everyday existence of our organs and the rest of our bodies (autonomic system). The brain [blank_start]never[blank_end] shuts off. It is always processing stimulus and thoughts.
Answer
  • electrical
  • dendrites
  • cell
  • axon
  • Myelin
  • increases
  • decreases
  • nerve
  • neuron
  • jumps
  • moves
  • Schwann
  • muscle
  • bone
  • tissue
  • never

Question 47

Question
Label where indicated
Answer
  • Nucleus
  • Dendrite
  • Cell Body
  • Axon
  • Myelin
  • Schwann cell
  • Axon Terminal
  • Node of Ranvier

Question 48

Question
Label where indicated
Answer
  • Nucleus
  • Dendrite
  • Cell Body
  • Axon
  • Myelin
  • Schwann cell
  • Axon Terminal
  • Node of Ranvier

Question 49

Question
Label where indicated
Answer
  • Nucleus
  • Dendrite
  • Cell Body
  • Axon
  • Myelin
  • Schwann cell
  • Axon Terminal
  • Node of Ranvier

Question 50

Question
Label where indicated
Answer
  • Nucleus
  • Dendrite
  • Cell Body
  • Axon
  • Myelin
  • Schwann cell
  • Axon Terminal
  • Node of Ranvier

Question 51

Question
Label where indicated
Answer
  • Nucleus
  • Dendrite
  • Cell Body
  • Axon
  • Myelin
  • Schwann cell
  • Axon Terminal
  • Node of Ranvier

Question 52

Question
Label where indicated
Answer
  • Nucleus
  • Dendrite
  • Cell Body
  • Axon
  • Myelin
  • Schwann cell
  • Axon Terminal
  • Node of Ranvier

Question 53

Question
Label where indicated
Answer
  • Nucleus
  • Dendrite
  • Cell Body
  • Axon
  • Myelin
  • Schwann cell
  • Axon Terminal
  • Node of Ranvier

Question 54

Question
Label where indicated
Answer
  • Nucleus
  • Dendrite
  • Cell Body
  • Axon
  • Myelin
  • Schwann cell
  • Axon Terminal
  • Node of Ranvier

Question 55

Question
Which of the following structures is not part of the endocrine system?
Answer
  • hormones
  • pituitary
  • hypothalamus
  • nephron

Question 56

Question
What does homeostasis mean?
Answer
  • high iron levels
  • constant internal temperature
  • low platelet count
  • hyperthyroidism

Question 57

Question
In which region of the body would you find the adrenal gland?
Answer
  • groin
  • neck
  • brain
  • abdomen

Question 58

Question
Which hormone causes the follicle in the ovary to ovulate?
Answer
  • progesterone
  • estrogen
  • follicle stimulating
  • luteinizing

Question 59

Question
Which gland in the endocrine system regulates levels of healthy red blood cells?
Answer
  • spleen
  • pancreas
  • adreanal
  • thymus

Question 60

Question
Which gland produces oxytocin?
Answer
  • thyroid
  • ovary
  • parathyroid
  • pituitary

Question 61

Question
Which of the following glands train and develop T-cells in our immune system?
Answer
  • thymus
  • thyroid
  • pineal
  • pituitary

Question 62

Question
Which term means "chemical messenger"?
Answer
  • autonomic
  • hormone
  • metabolism
  • T-cell

Question 63

Question
Which lobe in the pituitary is responsible for the development/growth of the body?
Answer
  • intermediate
  • lateral
  • posterier
  • anterior

Question 64

Question
Which of these glands control sugar levels in the body?
Answer
  • pancreas
  • parathyroid
  • pineal
  • thymus

Question 65

Question
Which vessel brings blood directly away from the kidney?
Answer
  • renal vein
  • renal artery
  • hepatic-portal vein
  • coronary artery

Question 66

Question
Which gland sits anterior to the kidney?
Answer
  • pineal
  • adreanal
  • ovary
  • spleen

Question 67

Question
What is the name of the tube that carries fluid from the glomerules to the ureter?
Answer
  • urethra
  • renal artery
  • nephron
  • hilus

Question 68

Question
Which is the last structure in the urinary system that urine passes by before it leaves the body?
Answer
  • urethra
  • cortex
  • sphincter
  • ureter

Question 69

Question
Which of the following collect urine?
Answer
  • medulla
  • cortex
  • ureter
  • bladder

Question 70

Question
Which vessel returns blood to the heart after being used by the kidneys?
Answer
  • hepatic-portal artery
  • coronary vein
  • pulmonary vein
  • renal vein

Question 71

Question
What substance does the nephron filter our of the blood?
Answer
  • salts
  • potassium
  • urea
  • water

Question 72

Question
Where is the "loop of Henle" located?
Answer
  • renal artery
  • nephron
  • urethra
  • bladder

Question 73

Question
How much urine is produced by an adult in one day?
Answer
  • 1 cup
  • 2 cups
  • 3 cups
  • 4 cups

Question 74

Question
Which part of the nerve cell does the electrical impulse exit?
Answer
  • dendrite
  • axon
  • synaptic knobs
  • nucleus

Question 75

Question
Where is myelin located?
Answer
  • dendrite
  • nucleus
  • axon terminal
  • axon

Question 76

Question
What part of the body directly affected by a motor nerve?
Answer
  • blood
  • ligament
  • tendon
  • muscle

Question 77

Question
What is the name of the area between Schwann cells?
Answer
  • nucleus
  • axon
  • dendrite
  • Node of Ranvier

Question 78

Question
Which of the following is not part of the central nervous system?
Answer
  • femoral nerve
  • brain
  • midbrain
  • spinal cord

Question 79

Question
Which of the following rapidly increase nerve conduction?
Answer
  • size of impluse
  • myelin
  • length of impulse
  • axon

Question 80

Question
Which part of the nervous system controls the every-day existence of our organs?
Answer
  • peripheral
  • autonomic
  • somatic
  • central

Question 81

Question
Which is the largest portion of the brain?
Answer
  • pons
  • cortex
  • cerebellum
  • cerebrum

Question 82

Question
Which part of your brain receives the most damage if you were to fall backwards and and on the back of your head?
Answer
  • temporal lobe
  • parietal lobe
  • occipital lobe
  • frontal lobe

Question 83

Question
Which type of nerve causes a muscle to move?
Answer
  • reactive
  • sensory
  • autonomic
  • motor