midterm review 1

Kiara Alberigo
Quiz by Kiara Alberigo, updated more than 1 year ago
Kiara Alberigo
Created by Kiara Alberigo about 3 years ago
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Resource summary

Question 1

Question
contributing to the success of loophole politics prior to passage of the 1986 tax bill was the
Answer
  • strong support of policy entrepreneurs such as ralph nader
  • existence of tariff revenues to offset lost through deductions
  • decentralized structure of congress
  • existence of low marginal rates to offset revenues lost through deductions
  • strong support of the conservative coalition and ralph nader

Question 2

Question
monetarists recommend that government increase the money supply at a rate equal to the
Answer
  • growth in unemployment
  • growth in credit
  • drop in wages
  • growth in productivity
  • drop in the rate of inflammation

Question 3

Question
an economist regards the free market as too dependable to ensure economic efficiency and suggest government control over it. the economist is recommending what type of economic policy?
Answer
  • Keynesian
  • supply-side
  • credit-based
  • monetarist
  • planning

Question 4

Question
the pocketbook issue tends to preoccupy politicians most
Answer
  • early in a presidential term
  • when the economy is doing poorly
  • just before elections
  • toward the end of a session of congress
  • when presidential popularity is at its peak

Question 5

Question
supply-side economics advocate that government
Answer
  • interfere less in the economy
  • control both prices and wages
  • control wages more than prices
  • control prices more than wages

Question 6

Question
the gramm-rudman act was passed by congress to
Answer
  • eliminate deficit spending
  • give more authority to the OMB
  • eliminate the balance of trade deficit
  • fine tune the existing budget procedures
  • eliminate tax cuts

Question 7

Question
congress is important in economic policy because it
Answer
  • reviews annual reports and removes appointees at will
  • must approve all taxes and most expenditures
  • controls all appointees to the council of economic advisors(CEA)
  • determines the supply of money in the economy at any given time
  • controls all appointees to the federal reserve board

Question 8

Question
an economist who advocates wage price controls is basically endorsing what theory?
Answer
  • Keynesian
  • planning
  • supply-side
  • credit based
  • monetarist

Question 9

Question
the economic theory that runs most counter to the planning theory is
Answer
  • credit based theory
  • wage-price-control economics
  • supply side economics
  • Keynesian theory
  • monetarist theory

Question 10

Question
congress justified the legitimacy of Medicare, despite the fact that the us constitution did not authorize a national health-care system, with the argument that
Answer
  • the us constitution could not have anticipated the need for such a system
  • payments into the system would always exceed benefits
  • the elderly had nowhere else to turn
  • state administration of the system removed it from constitutional jurisdiction
  • the tenth amendment specifically prohibited states from creating such programs

Question 11

Question
one reason social security looked like a free lunch for much of its history was that
Answer
  • benefits were paid out by states but taxes were paid to the federal government
  • most of the benefits were pro-rated
  • most workers' immediate benefits exceeded their immediate payments
  • Medicare costs were underestimated
  • there were many payers and few beneficiaries

Question 12

Question
for welfare politics to be majoritarian politics what must be true
Answer
  • the public must perceive the costs as low
  • political elites most personally benefit
  • beneficiaries must believe they will come out ahead
  • beneficiaries must be poor
  • institutions must incorporate the norms of policy statements

Question 13

Question
the typical us preference in dealing with the problems of the poor is to relieve them by providing
Answer
  • services
  • moral exhortations
  • jobs
  • savings bonds
  • cash

Question 14

Question
social security and medicare are examples of
Answer
  • neo-institutional politics
  • client politics
  • majoritarian politics
  • entrepreneurial politics
  • interest group politics

Question 15

Question
the passage of the medicare bill was made possible by
Answer
  • the watering down of the bill to remove the more controversial provisions
  • the strong support of the American medical association
  • a shift in voting patterns on the united states supreme court
  • a democratic landslide in the 1964 elections
  • a marked shift in public opinion

Question 16

Question
usually, the supreme court has reacted to wartime curtailments of civil liberties by
Answer
  • avoiding rulings on constitutionally and consigning such issues to the lower federal courts
  • upholding them
  • upholding them at first, limiting them later
  • rejecting them first, reinstating them later
  • rejecting them

Question 17

Question
on the issue of people's constitutional right to speak and publish, which of the following is true?
Answer
  • young people and corporations have the same rights
  • young people have the same freedom of expression as adults
  • corporations and interest groups do not have the same rights
  • young people have more freedom than adults
  • corporations and interest groups have the same rights

Question 18

Question
on the question of church and state in the schools, the supreme court has permitted
Answer
  • equal time for evolutionism
  • homeroom prayer exercises
  • bible reading in public schools if unaccompanied by commentary
  • public bus service to catholic schools
  • required release time from public school for religious instruction

Question 19

Question
police are allowed to search a building for evidence if they have
Answer
  • probable cause or a warrant from a judge
  • suspicion that the potential for a crime may exist
  • permission for the occupant or probable cause
  • a warrant from a judge or permission of the occupant
  • probable cause or permission from the owner

Question 20

Question
protection against police search of those places in which you have reasonable expectation of privacy means that police cannot normally search, without a warrant, your
Answer
  • stomach
  • barn
  • cornfield from an airplane
  • mobile home
  • backyard from an airplane
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