The structure of the heart

Elizabeth Barton
Slide Set by Elizabeth Barton, updated 4 months ago More Less
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Elizabeth Barton
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A slide show to summarise the structure and function of the circulatory system
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Slide 1

    The external structure of the Heart
    The heart is a muscular organ located between the lungs in the centre of the chest (thorax), and is about the size of a fist. It pumps blood continuously around the body. An organism can lose consciousness within just a few seconds if the brain is deprived of blood.The heart is made from cardiac muscle and is a dual pump. This means that blood flows around the body in 2 routes simultaneously - both to and back from the lungs (the pulmonary circuit) and at the same time to and back from the body (systemic circuit).

Slide 2

    Caption: : A light microscope image of cardiac muscle
    The heart mainly consists of cardiac muscle tissue, which like smooth muscle (but not skeletal muscle), contracts involuntarily. Cardiac muscle is made up of cells that are connected by cytoplasmic bridges. This enables electrical impulses to pass through the tissue. It contains large numbers of mitochondria (to supply high energy demands) and myoglobin molecules (a protein that stores oxygen to keep up with the high demand for oxygen due to continual contraction).
    Cardiac muscle

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